Detailed Syllabus Chemistry 111-02 1996


1. September 5, 1996 - Introduction to Chemistry Molecular Structures and Their Properties

1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang, pp. 367-372
b. Henderson, Section 1
c. Atkins - Introduction and Chapter 4

Lab 1: Safety In the Chemical Laboratory, Introduction to CAChe Molecular Modelling Software

2. September 10 - Models of molecules- Multiple Bonds
1. Reading Assignments -
a. Chang - pp. 373-377
b. Henderson - Section 2

c. Atkins pp. 33-41

2. Problem Assignment Due September 10
a. Henderson p 26-27 - Homework 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3


3. September 12 - Carbon-Oxygen Functional Groups
1. Reading Assignments
a. Chang pp. 380-389
b. Henderson Section 3
b. Atkins pp. 42-49
c. Chang pp. 370-379
2. Writing Assignment - Due September 12

a. Write a two page (word processor, double spaced) paper describing YOUR UNDERSTANDING of the relationship between molecular structure and chemical properties. Choose several molecules from the material you have studied as examples.

3. Problem Assignment - Due September 12
a. Henderson Exercises 3.1-3.5

Lab 2: Boiling Points and Flame Characteristics of Organic Chemicals

4. September 17 - Organic Nomenclature
1. Reading Assignments
a. Chang pp 380-389
b. Henderson - Section 3
c. Atkins Chapter 6
2. Problem Assignment -Due Spetember 17

a. On a piece of paper, Draw the following structures

i. Draw structures for five unique isomers of hexane

ii. Draw structures for five unique isomers of octane
iii. Draw structures for compounds with the molecular formula C6H10 . For all structures with double bonds, indicate whether the structure is cis or trans.
b. Using CAChe, construct structures for the isomers you drew in part a.

c. Name each compound you drew in part a.


5. September 19 -The Combustion Reaction and Balancing Chemical Equations
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang - pp 38-40, 43-45, 53-70
b. Henderson - Section 4
2. Problem assignment

a. A number of different compounds have the formula C4H10O2. Using CAChe draw the following:

(1) One structure with two alcohol groups
(2) One structure with two ether linkages

(3) One structure with both alcohol and ether functional groups

(4) One structure with a peroxide group
( -O-O-)
b. Name each of the compounds you drew in part a above (If you draw something too complicated to name, try drawing something simpler)

Lab 3: Molecular Modeling, Excel, and Graphical Analysis for data manipulation from Lab 2.

6. September 24 - Laboratory Observations and Wrap up -Boiling Points and Flames -Bring all data from lab to class!
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp. 308-314

2. Problem Assignment:
a. Henderson - Exercises 4.2 -4.8
b. Do the problems below
5-1 Balance each of the following chemical equations.
a. B(s ) + Cl2(g ) ==> Bcl3(l )
b. NO(g ) + O2(g ) ==> NO2(g )
c. Tl 2O3(s ) + CO2(g ) ==> Tl2(CO3)3( s)
d. OF2(g ) ==> O2(g ) + F2(g )
e. NaClO3(s) ==> NaCl(s ) + O2(g )
f. Al(OH)3(s) ==> ,l2(s ) + H20(l )
g. Co(s) + O2(g ) ==> Co2O3(s)
h. Li(s) + Br2(l ) ==> LiBr(s)
i. Cs(s) + N2(g ) ==> Cs3N(s)
j. Co2S3(s) + H2(g ) ==> Co(s) + H2S(g )
k. CoS(s) +O2(g ) ==> CoO(s) +SO2(g )
l. BaH2(s) + H2O(l ) ==> Ba(OH)2(s) + H2(g )
m. NH3(g) + Cl2(g) ==> NH4Cl(s) +NCl3(g )
n. MnCl2(s) + Al(l ) ==> Mn(s) + AlCl3(s )

7. September 26 -Chemical Equations - Stoichiometry and Quantitative Treatment of Reactions
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp. 71-79
b. Henderson- Section 5
2. Problem assignment
a. Chang 3.9, 15, 19, 25, 27, 31, 59

Lab 4 and 5: Synthesis of Aspirin and Oil of Wintergreen

8. October 1 - Synthesis of Aspirin and Oil of Wintergreen
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp. 383-384
b. Henderson - Section 6
c. Atkins pp. 161-170
2. Problem assignment
a. The recipe for assembly of a specialty hamburger requires one hamburger roll, one 1/4 lb. pattie of beef, one slice of cheese, three slices of bacon, 1/4 of a tomato and 15 gm. of shredded lettuce. At the start of the day, the store manager does inventory and finds the following food on hand: 10 dozen rolls, 30 lb of beef patties, two packages of cheese slices of 75 slices each, 40 tomatoes, and 2 kg lettuce. Which ingredient will run out first and how many hamburgers can be made?
b. For the reactions in problem 3.59 a-d, if you begin with 10.0 gm of each reactant which will be the limiting reagent and what will be the mass of each substance (reactants and products) when the limiting reagent is completely consumed?,
c. Chang 3.65, 81, 83, 84

3. Open Class
A portion of class time will be spent addressing any part of the course you do not understand and/or are having difficulty with. You must submit two questions by e-mail or typed on 81/2 x 11 paper dealing with material you would like to have discussed further. Simple, one line questions are unacceptaable. You must explain why you do not understand the materail, i.e. place the question in context. What about the material you do not understand, and what aspect of the subject you are unsure of. In other words, be specific and complete. Papers must be sent by e-mail or delivered to the professors mail box in the Chemistry Office not later than 3:30 PM on the day before class.


9. October 3 - Video Signals From Within
Quiz 1- Material Class 1-7


10. October 8 - Spectroscopy - Atoms and Molecules
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang Chapter 7
b. Henderson - Section 8
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 7.1, 15, 17, 25, 31
b.Sodium hydroxide costs $26.00/500 g. while lithium ium hydroxide costs $67.00/500 g. Write the balanced reaction for the synthesis of soap. How much will it cost for the base required to make 1000 g of soap using each of these two bases.

11. October 10 - Models of the Atom - Quantum Numbers
1. Reading Assignment - Chang Chapter 7 cont.
2. Problem Assignment - (Use CAChe for this assignment and hand in printed copies of your results)

a. Draw structural formulas for aspirin, oil of wintergreen, and phenol.

b. Identify the functional groups in the three structures.

c. Construct two different possible molecular structures for esters having the molecular formula C4H8O2.

d. Chang - 2.11,13 and 7.53, 55, 81


READING WEEK, OCTOBER 14-18
1. 1st lab report due after Reading Week

2. Read Acid Rain Manual through Experiment 1 during Reading Week.


Labs 6 and 7: Acids, Bases, and Acid Rain

12. October 22 - The Periodic Table of Elements
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang Chapter 8
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 2.19, 22 and 8.17, 21, 27, 37, 39, 43

13. October 24 - Solutions - Composition and Concentration and the Factor Label Method
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp. 18-21, 88-90, 103-107, 109-111, 340-347
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang -12.1, 13, 15, and 3.39, 40, and 4.47, 49, 51, 57, 61
b. For each of the following, calculate the molarity of the final solution prepared using the method given: 1. 5.00 gm of CaCl2 in a final volume of 2.00 liters. 2. 1.15 kg of KBr in a final volume of 5.00 liters. 3. 1.35 gm of NaNO3 in 100 ml.
c. What volume of 2.00 M NaCl can be prepared if you have 50.0 gm of NaCl available for your use.

14. October 29 - Models of Acids and Bases -Acid Base Chemistry (pH, [H+], dilution)
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang - pp. 93-97, 447-452, 491-493
b. Henderson - Section 7
c. Henderson - The Acid Rain Manual

2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 16.3, 5, 15, 17, 23
b.Answer the following problems
14.1 Write the conjugate acid for each of the following
a. Cl- c. NH2-
b. HSO4- d. CN-

14.2 Write the conjugate base for each of the following:
a. HSO4- c. H2PO4-
b. NH3 d. HC2O42-


14.3 How is the strength of an acid related to the fact that a competition for protons exists in aqueous solution between water molecules and the anion of the acid?

14.4 What group of atoms characterizes organic acids? Are most organic acids strong or weak?


14.5 What does it mean to say that a substance is amphoteric? Write an equation to show that water is an amphiprotic (amphoteric) substance?


15. October 31 - Titration
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp 109-111, 487-491
b. Atkins Chapter 1
2. Problem Assignment -
a. Chang 4.71, 85, and 17.17
b. Do the problems below

15.1Acetic acid is to be titrated with standard sodium hydroxide.
a. Write the balanced chemical equation using structural formulas for acetic acid and the acetate ion.
b. The standard solution of sodium hydroxide is 0.200 M. Titration of 5.00 ml of vinegar requires 24.56 ml of titrant to reach the phenolphthalein endpoint. Calculate the molarity of the acetic acid in the vinegar.
c. Calculate the percent acetic acid in the vinegar (weight/volume)
15.2 Using CAChe, build models of several organic acids such as acetic, citric, oxalic (you may have to look up the structure of one or more of these acids. Find a friend who is taking organic chemistry!) Then do the same for several strong acids. In your opinion, what structural feature is different in these two classes of acids that makes one class weak and the other strong? Explain.

Open Class
Open Class (SEE NOTE FROM OCTOBER 1)

Lab 8: Heats of Neutralization

16. November 5 - Lab Wrapup on Acid Experiment - Discussion of Labs
Quiz 2 - Classes 8-14
Bring all information, both lab and class, to this class.

17. November 7 - Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang Chapter 6 pp. 149-163
b. Henderson Section 5 and , pp 77-78
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 6.15, 21, 25

b. Henderson p. 68, Exercises 5.1 -5.3 for methanol and octane only.

c. Do the problems below
17-1. If it takes 536 J of energy to warm 7.40 g of water by 17oC, it will take J to warm 3.20 g of water by the same amount.

17-2. Convert the following numbers of calories into joules.
a. 100.0 cal
b. 5,000.0 cal
c. 1.00 cal
d. 1.00 x 103 cal

17-3. If 50. J of heat are applied to 10.g of iron, by how much will the temperature of the iron increase? (See Table 3.2. Handout and Table 12-2 text)

17-4. The specific heat capacity of silver is 0.24J/goC. Express this in terms of calories per gram per Celsius degree.

17-5. Three separate 50.0-g samples of aluminum, iron, and silver are available. Each of these samples is initially at 20.0oC, and then 1.00 kJ of heat is applied to each sample. What final temperature will each of the samples reach?


Lab 9 : Lipid Lab Part 1

18. November 12 - Lipids
1. Reading Assignment
a. Atkins pp 50-64
2. Problem Assignment

a. Using CAChe, build one saturated fat and one unsaturated fat. Then build a soap and the components from which the soap is made. What structural feature gives fats and soaps their particular properties? What characteristic of this structural feature is responsible for these properties ?


19. November 14 Lab Wrapup - Heat of Neutralization -Intermolecular Forces
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang Chapter 11 pp 307-318
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 11.1, 6, 11
b. Soaps ans surfactants typically have a polar head group and a long non-polar tail. Using the principle that like dissolves or is attracted to like, draw molecular diagrams of the following situations:

1) A group of surfactants have surrounded a particle of oil and have made it soluble in water.
2) A bilayer of surfactant molecules separating two aqueous solutions.



20. November 19 - Displacement reactions and Periodic Properties
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp. 102-103, 493-501, 504-507
b. Henderson- Section 8
2. Writing Assignment ??

Lab 10: Lipid Lab - Part II

21. November 21 - Chemical Bonding - Lewis Structures
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp 249-264
b.Henderson Section 10 pp. 81-90
2. Problem assignment
a. Chang 9.2, 3, 5, 23, 29, 31, 57, 71

22. November 26 - Molecular Geometry - VSEPR
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp 275-288
b. Henderson Section 10 pp 90-97
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 10.4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 19, 21


Lab 11: Empirical Formulas Lab

23. December 3 - Valence Bond Model of bonding - Sigma and Pi bonds
1. Reading Assignment
a. Chang pp 288-301
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 10.23, 24, 28, 35, 37 39, 41, 59

24. December 5 - Hybridization, Bondin, and MO Theory
1. Reading Assignment
a. Olmsted Chapter pp. 321-355
2. Problem Assignment
a. Chang 2.29, 30, 33, and 3.41, 45, 51


25. December 10 - Open Class (SEE INSTRUCTIONS FOR OCTOBER !


Lab 12: Analysis of Empirical Formula Data - Checkout


26. December 12 - Review of Empirical Formula Lab
Quiz 3 - Classes 15-23
Open Class
(SEE SEPTEMBER 26)

Final exercise - empirical formulas to molecular structures and properties

Final Exam 3:00 PM, December 20, 1996

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