Religion

Scott M. Johnson ’97 Distinguished Professor Findly, Chair; Professors Desmangles, Kiener∙∙, and Kirkpatrick; Professor of Religion in Public Life and Director, Leonard Greenberg Center for the Study of Religion in Public Life Silk; Associate Professor Sanders; Assistant Professors Jones and Landry; Visiting Assistant Professors Koertner and Young

The major in religion—Religion expresses the meaning of life in every culture and in every historical period. It manifests itself in a variety of forms including oral traditions, scriptures, art, material culture, beliefs, rituals, and institutions. The academic study of religion encompasses many disciplines—e.g., textual study, history, philosophy, and social sciences—and it applies these to the broad range of phenomena found in the world’s most well-known religious traditions. In addition, it fosters a critical appreciation of the ethical and cultural values of these traditions and, thereby in time, of one’s own values.

The major is designed to help the student develop a sophisticated and nuanced appreciation of religion in the human experience. It does this by (a) providing a sound acquaintance with at least two significant religious traditions, (b) investigating one or more topics in depth through at least one departmental seminar, and (c) bringing to fruition in a senior thesis the skills and knowledge acquired in the major.

Students interested in majoring are asked to consult with the department chair as early as possible in their academic careers, in order to clarify the major requirements and to plan carefully for their course of study.

For more details on the department’s faculty, requirements, and sources, visit our Web site at http://www.trincoll.edu/Academics/MajorsAndMinors/Religion/.

The student major is required to complete 10 courses with a grade of C- or better. Among these 10 courses, the student must include:

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement is fulfilled by the senior thesis.

The traditions available for study on a regular basis are: Buddhism, Christianity, indigenous religions, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. Students interested in other specific religious traditions should see the department chair. The tradition requirement can be met with the following courses:

*/** To concentrate in a tradition, students must take at least one of the single-starred courses, and at least one of the double-starred courses, in the appropriate category.

No course may count for more than one tradition. Students may request tutorials or independent studies to fulfill the tradition requirement. Normally the department accepts up to two courses from outside the department as counting toward the religion major. However, the department will consider petitions asking for credit for additional courses taken outside the department.

Honors are awarded to those who attain a minimum grade average of A- in 10 courses fulfilling the major requirements and distinction on the senior thesis and oral examination.

Thanks to the generosity of Trinity alumnus Tom Chappell, the Theodor Mauch Fund has been established to provide a $1,000 award for the best senior religion thesis as determined by the faculty of the Religion Department. The fund also provides approximately $1,000 for assisting one or more persons in doing research on their senior theses. The recipient of this research grant will be determined by the faculty in the department upon receipt of a grant proposal on the last day prior to the Spring Break in the student’s junior year.

There are many study-away opportunities available for the religion major. In addition to the Trinity Rome Program, and Trinity Global Sites in Barcelona and Trinidad, students may opt to go on Trinity-approved programs, such as to Egypt, India, Israel, Thailand, Tibet, and the United Kingdom. Religion majors may also petition the Office of Study Away to go on other programs, so long as they consult their religion advisers about their options.

In addition, students are encouraged to study foreign languages, especially those that would enable them to read primary religious texts, for example, Arabic, Aramaic, Chinese, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Latin, Pali, and Sanskrit. Language courses may be counted for the religion major only if the course covers significant textual exegesis of religious literature.

The religion minor—Students interested in minoring in religion should consult the department chair. Ordinarily a minor in religion consists of six courses, with two courses in a primary religious tradition, one course in a secondary religious tradition, and three electives. All students completing a minor in religion will write an eight-to-twelve page integrating paper either after they have completed their fifth or sixth course in the minor or no later than the tenth week of the last semester of their senior year. Or, as an alternative, they may, with the approval of the instructor and the minor adviser, write the integrating paper as part of the requirements for the fifth or sixth course.

To begin the process of minoring in religion, each minor will inform the chair of the department that he or she is declaring a minor in religion and will then be assigned an appropriate department adviser who will determine how the student will meet the integrating paper requirement. The adviser or the instructor of the course in which the integrating paper is written will report to the chair of the department when that paper has been completed and deemed acceptable. Completing an acceptable integrating paper is a precondition for receiving a designation on one’s transcript that one has successfully fulfilled all the requirements for a minor in the study of religion. All courses counted toward the minor must be taken for a letter grade. Students should declare their minor by the beginning of their senior year. Minor declaration forms can be obtained at the Registrar’s Office.

Fall Term

[105. Hebrew Bible: The Torah and the Origins of Israel]— This course introduces the heart of the Bible: the foundational document of Judaism and probably the most influential literature ever written: the Torah, or Five Books of Moses. It tells how God created the world, how he chose Abraham and Moses to receive his covenant, and how he redeemed Israel from slavery in Egypt. But it tells most of those things twice: it is not only the most famous book from the ancient world but also the least coherent, and we will explore what its strange style says about ancient Israel’s culture and literature. We will connect this with the historical origins of Israel and the tales of the conquest in Joshua and Judges. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

109. Jewish Tradition— A thematic introduction to the major concepts, ritual cycles, holidays, and beliefs of Judaism. Readings and course material will be taken from classic Jewish texts as well as modern secondary sources. (May be counted toward International Studies, Middle Eastern Studies and Jewish Studies.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kiener

110. Introduction to Christianity— This course offers a survey of Christian thought from its origins to the present. Through the reading of a wide range of primary texts encompassing different historical periods, literary genres, polemical concerns and religious sensibilities the course demonstrates the rich diversity within Christianity. The course seeks to cultivate broad historical familiarity with the basic questions and debates in, as well as the central authors of, Christian thought. We will track the changing configurations of three sets of relationships that resurface variously throughout Christian history: the relationship between 1) faith and reason, 2) church and state, and 3) understandings of the identity and work of Jesus Christ and theories of redemption or salvation. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Jones Farmer

[150. Sanskrit Tutorial]— An introduction to the grammar, vocabulary, and translation of classical Sanskrit. Subsequent semesters can be taken as independent studies. First-year studies focus on epic materials, second-year on the Bhagavad Gita. (May be counted toward Asian Studies.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

151. Religions of Asia— An introduction to the major religions of Asia: Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism, with special emphasis on how each of these modes of thought gives rise to a special vision of man in the universe, a complex of myth and practice, and a pattern of ethical behavior. (May be counted toward international studies/Asian studies.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Findly

181. The Religion of Islam— This survey course explores the diversity of Muslim experiential and intellectual approaches to the key sacred sources of the religion, the Qur’an, and the figure of the Prophet. The course addresses pre-Islamic Arabia and the rise of Islam; Muhammad and the Qur’an; prophetic traditions and jurisprudence; theology and mysticism; art and poetry; basic beliefs and practices of the Muslim community; responses to colonialism and modernity; and Islam in the United States. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Koertner

184. Myth, Rite, and Sacrament— A phenomenological approach to the study of religion through an examination of the nature of religious consciousness and its outward modes of expression. Special emphasis is placed on the varieties of religious experience and their relations to myths, rites, and sacraments. Enrollment limited. (May be counted toward international studies/African studies and international studies/comparative development studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Desmangles

[209. Religions in the Contemporary Middle East]— The impact of religion in contemporary Middle Eastern culture will be examined through the study of Middle Eastern monotheisms: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. The course will focus on specific national settings where religion has played a decisive role: Lebanon, Iran, Egypt, and Israel. Internal divisions and tensions will be explored, as well as interreligious conflicts. (May be counted toward and International Studies and Middle Eastern Studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[248. Women, Gender, and Sexuality in Religion]— Why do particular embodiments render some people “other” within their religion? How are women represented in religious texts and images? How does gender determine what counts for religiously-sanctioned behavior? This course provides an overview of topics where issues of gender and sexuality intersect with particular religious traditions (including Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Native American traditions). Topics include: purity and power, celibacy and virginity, marriage and reproduction, veiling and eating practices, violence and sacrifice, as well as the issue of religious leadership and ordination. This course may count towards the Women, Gender and Sexuality major. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[253. Indian and Islamic Painting]— A survey of the history of miniature painting from the Persian, Mughal, and Rajput schools, with emphasis on their religious and cultural backgrounds. (May be counted toward art history, international studies/Asian studies, international studies/comparative development studies, and international studies/Middle Eastern studies.) (GLB1) (Enrollment limited)

259. Hindu Texts: The Bhagavad Gita— An exploration of the great Indian devotional text, “The Song of God,” focusing on its context in the Mahabharata epic, its social teaching, and its understanding of the god Krishna. Central to our discussion will be Arjuna’s dilemma, the renunciation of attachment to the fruits of action, and the mind stabilized on the divine. We will use elect translations of the text and their commentaries. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Findly

263. Religion and Spirituality in German Literature from Lessing to Brecht— As far back as the Protestant Reformation, religion has played an important role in shaping German political, cultural and linguistic identity. This course will examine the history of religion in German culture through the lens of literature written before, during and after the “long nineteenth century,” a period in which Germany went from being a European backwater to becoming a major political and economic power. By analyzing literary representations of faith and spirituality, our discussion will seek to illuminate the changing significance and function of religious belief against the backdrop of this broader transformation. We will also consider how such imaginings serve to inspire new paradigms of literary expression. Texts by Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, Schleiermacher, Kleist, Nietzsche, Kafka, Brecht and others. Taught in English. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Walsh

267. Religion and the Media— Western religion, and Christianity in particular, has always put a premium on employing the available techniques of mass communication to get its message out. But today, many religious people see the omnipresent “secular” media as hostile to their faith. This course will look at the relationship between religion and the communications media, focusing primarily on how the American news media have dealt with religion since the creation of the penny press in the 1830s. Attention will also be given to the ways that American religious institutions have used mass media to present themselves, from the circulation of Bibles and tracts in the 19th century through religious broadcasting beginning in the 20th century to the use of the Internet today. (May be counted toward American studies and public policy studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Silk

[275. Existentialism and Religion]— This course engages some of the most basic questions of human existence, as understood by a wide variety of philosophers, artists, poets, and theologians in the 19th and 20th centuries. What does it mean to be human? How do we lead authentic lives? We examine the many ways in which existentialism can be understood as a critical engagement with basic philosophical, theological and social assumptions in regnant Western thought: rationalism, religion and moral positivism. We look at some of the major themes of existentialism (contingency, ambiguity, death and finitude, absurdity and authenticity) and how they constitute what it is to exist as a person. Finally, we examine different examples of religious existentialism. (Enrollment limited)

281. Anthropology of Religion— Introduction to the foundations of religion through an examination of religious phenomena prevalent in traditional cultures. Some of the topics covered in this course include a critical examination of the idea of primitivity, the concepts of space and time, myths, symbols, ideas related to God, man, death, and rituals such as rites of passage, magic, sorcery, witchcraft, and divination. (May be counted toward anthropology and international studies/comparative development.) (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Landry

284. Sufism: The Mystical Tradition of Islam— For over a thousand years, Sufism has been a dynamic expression of the inner quest for God-consciousness in Islam. Sufis have often expressed their devotion in literary form: from poetry and ecstatic utterances to metaphysical theoretical prose works. This class explores the emergence of Sufism from the Qur’an and the life and words or the Prophet Muhammad, and traces its historical development from the formative period to the age of trans-national Sufi orders. The course will study key constructs of this tradition: the relationship between God and humankind, the stages of the spiritual path, contemplative disciplines, the idea of sainthood, ethical perfection, the psychology of love, the idea of the feminine, and Sufi aesthetics. It also considers the modern expression (and transformation) of Sufism in the United States. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Koertner

307. Jewish Philosophy— This course provides an introduction to the major themes and thinkers of medieval and modern Jewish philosophy. We will study how Plato, Aristotle, and other non-Jewish philosophers found their Jewish voice in the likes of Philo, Saadia Gaon, Judah Halevi, Maimonides, and Mendelssohn. Issues to be considered are the relationship between reason and revelation, the concept of monotheism, the nature of prophecy and the Jewish tradition, and the problem of evil. Extensive use of original sources in translation will be complemented by interpretive studies. (May be counted toward Philosophy.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Religion 109. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kiener

[308. Jewish Mysticism]— An examination of the secret speculative theologies of Judaism from late antiquity to the present. The course will touch upon the full range of Jewish mystical experience: visionaries, ascetics, ecstatics, theosophists, rationalists, messianists, populists, and pietists. Readings will include classical texts (such as the Zohar) and modern secondary studies. Prerequisite: C- or better in Religion 109. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Advanced work on an approved project under the guidance of a faculty member. Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— A teaching assistant works with a faculty member in the preparation and teaching of a course and receives academic credit for his or her work. See the Student Handbook for the specific guidelines. Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

497. Senior Thesis— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment in this single-semester thesis. (1 - 2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

498. Senior Thesis Part 1— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for each semester of this yearlong thesis. (two course credits are considered pending in the first semester; two course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

499. Senior Thesis Part 2— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for each semester of this yearlong thesis. (two course credits are considered pending in the first semester;two course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

Courses Originating in Other Departments

History 355. The Bible in History— View course description in department listing on p. 531. –Elukin

[Philosophy 282. Medieval Philosophy]— View course description in department listing on p. 718.

Spring Term

[106. Hebrew Bible: Kings, Prophets and the Literature of Israel]— This course introduces the literature of the Bible: stories of the rise and fall of kings like David, legends of miracle-working prophets, the love poetry of Solomon and the intimate prayer of the Psalms. We will examine how this literature arose in ancient Israel and how it was reinterpreted and given new life after the Babylonian conquest, laying the foundations for Judaism and Christianity. It stands on its own as an introduction to biblical literature, or taken after RELG 105 forms a complete year-long sequence in the Hebrew Bible. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[184. Myth, Rite, and Sacrament]— A phenomenological approach to the study of religion through an examination of the nature of religious consciousness and its outward modes of expression. Special emphasis is placed on the varieties of religious experience and their relations to myths, rites, and sacraments. Enrollment limited. (May be counted toward international studies/African studies and international studies/comparative development studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

212. New Testament— A literary and historical examination of the New Testament in the context of the first century C.E. to appreciate the formation and themes of this principal document of Christianity. By focusing primarily upon the Gospels and Paul’s letters, the course will stress the analysis of texts and the discussion of their possible interpretations. Consideration will be given to the Jewish and Greek backgrounds, to the political, social, and religious pressures of the period, and to the development of an independent Christian community and a fixed scripture. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Staff

[214. Jews in America]— A social and religious history of American Judaism from pre-revolutionary to contemporary times. After examining the era of immigration and “Americanization,” the course will focus on the ethnic, religious, and social structures of American Judaism: the community center, the synagogue, and the federation. (May be counted toward American studies and Jewish studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

223. Major Religious Thinkers of the West: Heresy and Orthodoxy in Conflict— A study of the shared (and contested) sites of ancient and medieval Jewish, Christian, and Muslim thought. The course will focus on various topics including the construction of religious identity through the identification of the “other” as well as debates over proper interpretation of scripture, the name and the nature of God, and the relationship between reason and revelation. Readings include the Babylonian Talmud, Philo, Origen, Augustine, Maimonides, Avicenna, Averroes, Aquinas, and Luther. This course is only open to Religion majors or Guided Studies students. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Jones Farmer

226. Christian Mysticism— An inquiry into the phenomenon of mystical experience exemplified in the Christian tradition as direct encounter with God. The course offers psychological and theological analyses of mysticism and its specifically Christian manifestations. Students will read works from Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican, Lutheran, Quaker, and sectarian mystics such as Pseudo-Dionysius, Gregory of Nyssa, Bernard, Julian of Norwich, Teresa of Avila, Jacob Boehme, George Herbert, Simone Weil, and contemporary mystics. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Jones Farmer

[229. Short Story in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)]— A close reading of several “short stories” in the Hebrew Bible with attention given to literary artistry and theological insight. Along with gaining understanding for the rich texture and subtlety of the texts, students will be expected to master the data of the stories (who, what, where, when etc.). Questions of political, cultural, and compositional history will also be treated. Among the stories we shall consider are the Joseph “Novella,” David’s Fall, Esther, Ruth, Jonah, Judith. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[231. Christianity in the Making]— This course will examine the philosophical, cultural, religious and political contexts out of which Christianity emerged from the time of Jesus through the 5th century. Emphasis will be placed on the complexity and diversity of early Christian movements, as well as the process that occurred to establish Christianity as a religion that would dominate the Roman Empire. Topics to be covered will include the writings of the New Testament, Gnostics, martyrdom, desert monasticism and asceticism, the construction of orthodoxy and heresy, women in the early Church, the formation of the biblical canon, and the identity and role of Jesus of Nazareth. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

254. Buddhist Art— A survey of the art of Buddhism in Asia with special attention given to the development of the Buddha image, the stupa, and a wide array of deities and saints. Using painting, sculpture, architecture, and contemporary expressions of ritual, dance, and theater, the course will cover many of the traditions in South, East, and Central Asia. (May be counted toward international studies/Asian studies, art history, and international studies/comparative development studies.) (GLB1) (Enrollment limited) –Findly

256. Buddhist Thought— An examination of fundamental concepts in Buddhist philosophy as they reflect an ongoing conflict between faith and reason: the non-self, dependent origination, karma, and nirvana. Special emphasis will be placed on the meaning of these concepts for the Buddhist way of life. Readings from classical Theravada and Mahayana texts. (May be counted toward international studies/Asian studies.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Findly

262. Religion in America— The historical role of religion in shaping American life and thought, with special attention to the influence of religious ideologies on social values and social reform. (May be counted toward American Studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Kirkpatrick

265. Religion and American Politics— Since the earliest days of the American republic, religion has played a significant role in the country’s politics. This course will trace that role, beginning with the Constitution’s proscription of religious tests for office to the current “God Gap” between the Democratic and Republican parties. Subjects to be covered include ethno-religious voting patterns, social movements, American civil religion, and religion in wartime. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Desmangles, Silk

280. Muhammad and the Qur’an— This course examines the nature of revelation and prophetic authority in Islam through a close reading of the Qur’an and the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Topics include the history of the sacred text, connection to Jewish and Christian scripture, history and methods of interpretation, its role in Muslim faith, rituals, and Islamic law. Questions of canon, translation, gender, and piety are also explored across a wide historic and geographic spectrum. We will also look at manifestations of the Qu’ran in the literature, visual arts, and music of the Muslim world. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Koertner

282. Modern Islamic Movements Religion, Ideology, and the Rise of Fundamentalism— This course examines the rise and ideological foundation of modern Islamic movements, including the Muslim Brotherhood, Hizbollah, Hamas, al-Qa’ida, and ISIS. We will study the emergence of Islamic fundamentalism in its historical and political context as well as major intellectual figures of these movements, and take a close look at the notion of jihad in classical and modern legal contexts. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Koertner

285. Religions of Africa— A study of the indigenous African religious traditions with consideration of their contemporary interaction with Western religious traditions. Topics include the African concepts of God, man, ancestor reverence, sacrifice, witchcraft, and magic. (Enrollment limited.) (May be counted toward international studies/African studies.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Landry

286. Islam in America— Islam has become the fastest growing and most ethnically diverse religious group in the United States. This course is divided into two parts: the first provides an historical survey of Islam in America, from its discovery to the present; the second part examines contemporary issues of Muslim American communities and their interactions with American society at large. Topics include religious movements among African-American and immigrant groups, educational, cultural and youth initiatives, Sufism, civil rights groups, progressive Muslims, women’s and feminist movements, and Islam in popular culture and in the media. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Koertner

[288. Magic, Possession, and Spiritual Healing]— An anthropological approach to religion and magic. A cross-cultural analysis of the forms of spiritual healing in traditional cultures. Emphasis is given to the manifestations of spiritual power, the role of possession, magic, shamanistic utterances, and hallucinogens in the process of spiritual healing. (May be counted toward international studies/comparative development studies.) (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

[310. Religious Language]— This course is an introduction to the poetics and ethnography of sacred words and, through them, the social dimension of language. It is a fundamental role of religion to break normal rules of language: prayers talk to gods who do not seem to be present, possessed people ventriloquize spirits, and rituals thrive on repetitive or incomprehensible speech. Sacred words raise questions fundamental to the study of language: how do we evaluate words: according to their source? their form? their speaker? God has traditionally spoken through people, but how have people known it is actually God speaking, and what has this meant to them? We will focus on the language of religious experience in Biblical and Jewish traditions, with detours through reggae music, horror movies, and The Passion of the Christ. (Enrollment limited)

[315. Apocalyptic Literature: From Daniel to Revelation]— A survey of a distinct literary genre in the religious and historical contexts of the second and first centuries B.C.E. and the first century C.E. The seminar will concentrate upon representative pieces of literature such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, Enoch, and II Esdras and will search out the roots of apocalyptic in Hebrew scripture (Daniel) and its culmination in Christian scripture (Revelation). Consideration will also be given to its later manifestations in religious thought and groups, including millennial movements in American history. Prerequisite: C- or better in Religion 211 or 212 or permission of the instructor. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

324. Suffering Religion: Pain and its Transformations— What does religion have to say about suffering and its function in the spiritual life is it a “natural” part of human existence, divine gift or punishment, or a preventable tragedy? What does it mean when religion is experienced as suffering or as trauma? This course explores these questions within the Greco-Roman, Jewish and Christian traditions. After introducing some of the classic texts on suffering, the course examines suffering as both a logical and a moral problem for religious thought. It then considers some of the resources that religious traditions have brought to bear on different kinds of suffering physical pain, trauma, grief or loss, and mental suffering or depression. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Jones Farmer

338. Christian Social Ethics— An in-depth exploration of the historical teachings of, and contemporary controversies within, Christianity on selected moral issues in sexuality, economics, business, medicine, ecology, race, war and pacifism, and foreign policy. Special attention will be given to problems in contemporary American society. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kirkpatrick

[353. Buddhism in America]— This seminar will focus on Buddhism in America, a phenomenon known as “the fourth turning of the wheel of the law.” We will look at the religions of Asian immigrants, the writings of the 19th-century Transcendentalists, and the influence of Zen, Vipassana, and Tibetan teachers on American culture. Special attention will be given to assessing categories such as elite, ethnic, and evangelical Buddhism, to the variety of Buddhist practices and communities available, and to the broad range of Buddhist arts and literatures of contemporary America. Enrollment limited. (May be counted toward international studies/Asian studies.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Advanced work on an approved project under the guidance of a faculty member. Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— A teaching assistant works with a faculty member in the preparation and teaching of a course and receives academic credit for his or her work. See the Student Handbook for the specific guidelines. Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

497. Senior Thesis— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment in this single-semester thesis. (1 - 2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

[498. Senior Thesis Part 1]— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for each semester of this yearlong thesis. (two course credits are considered pending in the first semester; two course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB)

499. Senior Thesis Part 2— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for each semester of this yearlong thesis. (two course credits are considered pending in the first semester;two course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

Courses Originating in Other Departments

Anthropology 324. Religion in the City— View course description in department listing on p. 282. –Landry

Classical Civilization 308. The Art, Architecture, and Archaeology of Ancient Greek Religion— View course description in department listing on p. 334. –Risser

[History 206. Bible and History of the Book]— View course description in department listing on p. 535.

History 231. Abraham’s Children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the Middle Ages— View course description in department listing on p. 537. –Elukin

Jewish Studies 220. Modern Israeli Literature and Jewish Heritage— View course description in department listing on p. 610. –Ayalon