Language and Culture Studies

Associate Professor Any, Chair; Professors Del Puppo and J. Evelein; Associate Professors Harrington, Kehrès, Lahti, and Lambright; Assistant Professors Hanna, Hubert, Kippur, van Ginhoven, and Shen; Principal Lecturers Alcorn, Humphreys, Palma, and Wagoner; Lecturers Assaiante, Ayalon, and Wang; Visiting Professor Melendez; Visiting Associate Professors Morales and Solomon; Visiting Assistant Professors King and Robyn; Visiting Lecturers I. Evelein, Flores, Miyazaki, Morales, and Shamma; Graduate Fellows Aponte-Avilés, Bouhet, di Florio Gula, and Doerre.

The Department offers three majors: Plan A, Plan B, and World Literature and Culture Studies. Students who major in other areas of the curriculum, but wish to develop their linguistic skills and knowledge of foreign cultures, may choose to minor in a foreign language.

Plan A major—Under this plan, students major in a single foreign language (French, German studies, Hispanic studies, Italian studies, or Russian). Please see listings and descriptions of respective majors. Credit acquired through the Language Across the Curriculum program may be applied to the cognate requirements. Students are also required to complete a project synthesizing aspects of courses taken for the major and its cognates. Except under exceptional circumstances, this project will be undertaken in the language section’s 401. Senior Seminar; it must be done at Trinity College. See full descriptions under individual language headings.

Plan B major—Under this plan, students may combine any two of the languages taught in the Department of Language and Culture Studies and the Classics Department. A minimum of seven courses in a primary language and five in a secondary language is required, as well as two courses in a cognate field or fields. A paper integrating the three fields of study—primary language field, secondary language field, and some aspect of the cognate field(s)—must be completed in one of the primary language upper-level courses. Except under exceptional circumstances this project will be undertaken in the primary language section’s 401. Senior Seminar, which must be done at Trinity College. See full descriptions under individual language headings.

World Literature and Culture Studies—This major is for students who wish to study literature across regional boundaries. Students take four to six language courses; however, literature/culture courses may be chosen from among the department’s courses offered in English translation. Also required is LACS 299. Foundations of Language and Culture Studies and three related courses in another department. Please see complete description of requirements and list of courses at the end of the department listing.

The language and culture studies minor—The minor in language and culture studies is designed to provide a concentration in a language of choice and an introduction to the literature, culture, and civilization of the language area(s). Students must complete a sequence of either five or six courses and do some additional work (see individual minor descriptions). (See also the minors in Asian studies, French studies, German studies, Italian studies, Jewish studies, Middle East studies, and Russian studies earlier in this Bulletin.)

Course work completed for the major under Plans A or B, or the minor, must receive C- or better, and students must demonstrate oral and written proficiency in the appropriate language(s). First-year students planning to take a language course (other than 101) must take the placement test, administered during first-year orientation.

Upper-level courses are conducted in the foreign language unless otherwise indicated.

Permission to major under Plan A or B or to opt for the language and culture studies minor must be obtained from the department chair.

Any student wishing to enroll for credit in a lower-level language sequence after having been granted credit for a course in the same language at a higher level must first obtain the written permission of the department chair.

All language skill courses may require extra lab or drill sessions at the discretion of the instructor.

Departmental honors are awarded to seniors who have maintained an A- average in all courses to be counted toward their major (including cognate courses). A minimum grade of A- is furthermore required in the senior exercise (401).

Language Across the Curriculum—In addition to majoring in a language through Plan A or Plan B, or choosing a minor, there is also the opportunity to apply language skills to a wide array of courses across the entire college curriculum through the Language Across the Curriculum Program.

This option is generally open to all students who have completed the intermediate level (fourth semester, or equivalent) in any foreign language currently taught at Trinity and who are enrolled in any course outside the department in which the instructor, in collaboration with a member of the language and culture studies faculty, approves a supplementary reading list in the foreign language. For example, those studying European history, the economy of Latin America, or Freud could do supplementary readings in French, Spanish, or German; those studying art history or the modern theater might do further readings in Italian or Russian respectively. There are many other possibilities. Subject to satisfactory completion of the assigned work, such students will then be awarded an extra half credit in the course in question. For further information, see any member of the department.

Study away—Majors and other students interested in having a serious engagement with non-U.S. languages and cultures are urged to spend at least one semester abroad, or to enroll in a summer study-abroad program or a recognized summer language institute in North America.

Special attention is called to the Trinity College programs in Barcelona, Paris, Rome, and Vienna. The departmental contacts for these programs are, respectively, Professors Harrington, Kehrès, Del Puppo, and Evelein. Brochures describing each of these programs in detail are available both through the department and the Office of Study Away.

Blume Language and Culture Learning Center—Language faculty and students at Trinity College have at their disposal a vast array of technology resources to create engaging learning experiences in the classroom and through online environments. The Blume Language and Culture Learning Center provides a 20-seat, dual-platform (Macintosh and Windows) computer laboratory that can be scheduled for instructional purposes on a regular basis or for specific sessions as needed.

The Blume Center staff works closely with the language and culture studies faculty to promote innovative approaches toward the teaching and learning of language and culture. The Blume Center’s driving goal is to contribute to a greater understanding of instructional technology and learning theories in order to foster their integration into educational practices and language instruction at all levels.

Through informal discussions and professional collaborations, the Blume Center provides information about and facilitates access to various instructional resources for the language faculty and the larger Trinity community. As an example of such collaborations, the Blume Center partners with academic computing to support teaching and learning on campus by co-sponsoring workshops, via the Student Technology Assistant Program, and collaborating on technology-based projects.

Courses conducted in English

In addition to courses in foreign languages, the department offers the following courses taught in English.

Fall Term

Spring Term

Arabic

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Arabic as their secondary language. Students who do so are required to take five courses in Arabic beyond ARAB 101, including at least one course in Arabic literature and culture (ARAB 224, 225, 226).

The minor in Arabic—For students who wish to minor in Arabic, this is a sequence of five courses: ARAB 101, 102, 201, 202, and 301, designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of Arab culture and civilization. In addition, students are required to take either ARAB 224, 225, 226, or LING 101. Introduction to Linguistics, or a course in the Middle East section of the International Studies Program. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in Arabic, contact Assistant Professor Kifah Hanna. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Middle Eastern culture are referred to the Middle Eastern studies concentration.

Arabic

Fall Term

Spring Term

Chinese

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Chinese as either their primary or secondary language. Students who choose Chinese as the primary language are required to take seven courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Chinese literature and culture (INTS 237 and above), and 401. Special Topics in Chinese. Two courses in a cognate field or fields are also required as is a paper linking some aspect(s) of the two languages and the cognates; this paper must be completed in CHIN 401.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement in this major is fulfilled by one of the following courses: CHIN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in Chinese (all majors must take this course) or INTS 237.

Students who choose Chinese as the secondary language are required to take five courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Chinese literature and culture (INTS 237 and above).

The minor in Chinese—For students who do not wish to major in Chinese Plan B, this is an option to develop linguistic skills and gain an appreciation of Chinese culture through a language concentration (minor) in Chinese. For students who wish to minor in Chinese, this is a sequence of five courses beyond CHIN 101 (101 does not count) designed to develop linguistic skills as well as a basic understanding of Chinese culture and society. One of the five courses should be INTS 237. In addition, the minor will include another course to be fulfilled through a .5-credit Language Across the Curriculum unit, a one-semester teaching assistantship, or a .5-credit integrating paper, at least one of the six Chinese courses (students to enroll of a half credit in CHIN 399). The five courses should be chosen from CHIN 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 413, 415, 430, 440, and INTS 237. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the language concentration in Chinese. Students must achieve a grade of B or above in the highest level language course or pass the proficiency test administered by the language concentration coordinator.

To declare a minor in Chinese, contact the Chinese section head. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Asian cultures are referred to the Asian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Chinese

Fall Term

Spring Term

French

The Plan A major—All Plan A students must choose to follow either a “French Language and Literature” track or a “French Studies” track within their major, which must normally be selected before the senior year, and specifically approved by the adviser. All Plan A majors are encouraged to study in an approved program in some part of the Francophone world.

All Plan A majors are required to have 11 courses beyond FREN 102. The following five are required: FREN 241. Advanced Composition and Style; FREN 251. French Literature I: From the Middle Ages to Romanticism; FREN 252. French Literature II: Modern French Literature (no more than one of these three may be by transfer credit); at least one FREN 355 course from the special topics cycle to be taken at Trinity College, and FREN 401.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for this major is fulfilled by FREN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics.

For Plan A majors choosing the “French Language and Literature” track, two courses among the remaining six elective courses may be taken in another discipline (numbered at other than the 100 level), focusing on France or on some aspect of Francophone studies. These courses may be found, for example, among the offerings of such departments or programs as English, history, fine arts, international studies, music, political science, the other sections of the Language and Culture Studies Department, or the equivalents of such offerings in any approved foreign study program.

For Plan A majors choosing the “French Studies” track, three such courses among the remaining six elective courses may be taken in another discipline (numbered at other than the 100 level).

Those choosing the “French Studies” track will develop a coherent concentration in close consultation with their adviser. Such concentrations might focus, for example, on the arts (including film) by including courses from the fine arts and the music departments, or the various film offerings inside and outside the French section; on literary studies by including courses from the classics and the English departments, or one of the other foreign cultures taught in the Language and Culture Studies Department (whether in the original language or in English); or on society by including courses from the history and the political science departments. Many other combinations are possible.

The Plan B major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is French are required to have seven courses in French beyond FREN 102; the following are required: FREN 241, FREN 251 and 252, at least one French 300-level course (to be taken at Trinity College), and FREN 401. Among the remaining two elective courses, one course not offered under a French rubric (numbered at other than the 100 level) focusing on France or on some aspect of Francophone study may be counted toward the major (see examples under Plan A major above).

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is French are required to have five courses in French beyond FREN 102; the following are required: FREN 241, FREN 251, and FREN 252.

All Plan B majors are encouraged to study in an approved program in some part of the Francophone world.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the French major is fulfilled by: FREN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in French (required of all majors).

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in their French majors must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including FREN 401.

The minor in French—For students who wish to minor in French, this is a sequence of 5.5 credits beyond FREN 102 designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of Francophone culture and civilization. The five required courses in French must include FREN 281. Conversational French: Current Events and can include, but are not limited to, FREN 250, 251, 252, or a 300-level course in French. The additional .5 credit can be achieved through the French Film Festival course (with written work done in French), or another 1-credit French course. A maximum of one course taught in English under the Language and Culture Studies rubric may be counted toward the minor, only if written work done in French. No more than one transfer credit taken in a program other than Trinity-in-Paris may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in French, contact Karen Humphreys, Jean-Marc Kehrès, or Sara Kippur. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Francophone culture are referred to the French studies interdisciplinary minor.

French

Fall Term

Spring Term

German Studies

The major in German studies offers an interdisciplinary and interdepartmental approach to the study of the German-speaking world. Its goal is to develop students’ German language skills, to explore German literature both in original German and in translation, and to foster the study of a broad array of subjects in which the influences and contributions of German-speaking peoples are evident, including philosophy, history, religion, art history, performing arts, music, politics, and economics. A background in German studies provides preparation for the exploration of many fields. Knowledge of the German language may also be helpful for graduate study in a number of disciplines of the humanities, the sciences, music, and art history.

Faculty associated with the German studies major: Professors Evelein (German), Butos (economics), Curran (art history), Hyland (philosophy), Kassow (history), Kirkpatrick (religion), Platoff (music), Smith (political science), and Vogt (philosophy); Lecturer Assaiante (German); and Graduate Fellow Doerre (German).

Students are encouraged to design programs of study that are coherent and meaningful, as well as diverse and innovative. They have to work closely with the adviser in planning their program.

Requirements for the major in German studies

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in the German studies major must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses required for the major, including GRMN 401. The topic for the final project for GRMN 401 will be agreed upon in consultation with the adviser.

Study away—To maximize exposure to German language and culture, students are strongly encouraged to spend at least one semester at the Trinity-approved program of study in Baden-Württemberg or at Trinity’s Global Learning Site in Vienna. Both study-abroad programs provide opportunities for language immersion at a major German university, as well as the chance to pursue independent study or community service while residing in a culturally and historically rich Germanic setting. For more information, visit the Baden-Württemberg Web site at www.ctdhe.org/germany/ or Trinity-in-Vienna at www.trincoll.edu/UrbanGlobal/StudyAway/programs/TrinityPrograms/Vienna/. See also Trinity-in-Berlin summer.

Eligible courses from other departments—Examples of acceptable courses for the German studies major that are taught in other departments or programs are listed below; others may be substituted with the approval of the German studies adviser.

No more than two courses may be chosen from the same department or program.

Students are encouraged to integrate German reading materials into their courses of choice. Monthly meetings with the German studies adviser will be scheduled to discuss German readings and facilitate student interaction within the major.

Language across the Curriculum—German studies majors are encouraged to take advantage of the Language Across the Curriculum opportunity and earn an additional .5 credit toward the major. In collaboration with a member of the department, students may select supplementary readings in German that complement one or more of the courses below. Enrollment in Language across the Curriculum follows the guidelines for independent study registration.

The minor in German—For students who wish to minor in German, this is a sequence of six German courses designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of the culture and civilization of German-speaking countries. In addition, the minor will include either a .5-credit Language Across the Curriculum unit or a .5-credit integrating paper, typically written in conjunction with the last course taken for the minor. Courses that count toward the German minor are GRMN 101, 102, 201, 202, any 200-level course taught in English, 301, and 302. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in German, contact Professor Johannes Evelein. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of German culture are referred to the German studies interdisciplinary minor.

In the major, and in the German minor, students must demonstrate oral and written proficiency by earning the minimum grade of B in GRMN 301.

German

Fall Term

Spring Term

Hebrew

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Modern Hebrew as their secondary language. Students who do so are required to take five courses in Modern Hebrew beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from the literature and culture offerings (such as modern Israeli culture and modern Israeli literature and heritage).

The minor in Modern Hebrew—For students who wish to minor in Modern Hebrew, this is a sequence of five Hebrew courses: HEBR 101, 102, 201, 202, and 301, designed to develop linguistic skills. To give a deeper and broader appreciation of Israeli culture and civilization, students are required to take a Language Across the Curriculum unit as well as either JWST 220. Modern Israeli Literature and Heritage or JWST 219. Israeli Film and Visual Media. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in Hebrew, contact Lecturer Ayalon. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Jewish culture are referred to the Jewish studies interdisciplinary minor.

Hebrew

Fall Term

Spring Term

Hispanic Studies

The Plan A major—Plan A majors are required to have a total of 12.5 courses (beyond HISP 102). Students choose between one of two possible tracks: peninsular studies and Latin American studies. The required courses (totaling 9.5 credits) are to be distributed in the following manner: two courses at the 260-level; HISP 270; HISP 280; HISP 290 (0.5); one course on an aspect of Hispanic culture taught by another department; three courses at the 300 level, two of which must be in the student’s chosen subfield; and HISP 401, in which students will write a senior thesis under the individual guidance of a member of the department on a topic related to the selected track. In this final exercise, students are expected to build upon and refine a special interest developed while abroad or in previous course work. The rest of the credits within the major are earned through elective courses. No more than three courses taken abroad are valid for the major. Only one 300-level course taken abroad is valid for the major. All other required courses within the major must be taken with faculty at Trinity’s Hartford campus. Electives could include 201, 202, 221, 224, 225, 226, 227, certain approved courses taken abroad, or extra 300-level courses.

Majors who wish to study abroad are expected to study in one of the official Trinity sites: Trinity-in-Buenos Aires or Trinity-in-Barcelona. We also offer a one-month study abroad experience in Montevideo and Barcelona (see HISP 227). Requests to study elsewhere will be given consideration, and approval will depend on solid academic reasons for requesting an alternative site. All students wishing to receive credit toward the major for courses taken at Trinity’s global sites in Barcelona, Spain, or Buenos Aires, Argentina, must have taken at least one thematically appropriate (Iberian or Latin American) civilization and culture course (HISP 261, HISP 262, HISP 263, HISP 264) before their departure. Careful planning in coordination with the student’s adviser and the department’s faculty sponsors of the two global sites (Associate Professor Lambright for Buenos Aires; Associate Professor Harrington for Barcelona) is therefore essential.

Courses taken abroad will generally count as electives or “related fields” credits. Students may request that one upper-level course taken at an approved study-abroad program count toward the required number of 300-level courses.

One course in Portuguese or Catalan may be counted as an elective toward the major. Teaching assistant credits may not count toward the major or minor.

Required courses for the Plan A major

Peninsular

Latin American

  

Three electives

Three electives

HISP 261 or 262

HISP 263 or 264

  

(Study abroad, usually in Barcelona)

(Study abroad, usually in Buenos Aires)

HISP 260 series (Open)

HISP 260 series (Open)

HISP 270

HISP 270

HISP 280

HISP 280

HISP 290 (.5 credits)

HISP 290 (.5 credits)

  

One related field course

One related field course

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Peninsular or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 401 (Thesis, Peninsular topic)

HISP 401 (Thesis, Latin American topic)

The Plan B major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is in Hispanic studies are required to take the following courses (totaling 7.5 credits beyond HISP 102): two courses at the 260 level in the track of the student’s choice, HISP 270, HISP 280, HISP 290 (0.5), one course at the 300 level in the track of the student’s choice, one course at the 300 level with a focus on the “other” subfield of the discipline (a transatlantic course may be substituted here), and HISP 401, in which students will write a senior thesis under the individual guidance of a member of the department on a topic related to the selected track. In this final exercise, the student will engage in in-depth study of a theme that integrates material from the primary and secondary fields of linguistic and cultural competence. The remaining five credits for the major will be taken in the student’s secondary area of linguistic and cultural competence.

Majors whose primary competence is Spanish and who wish to study abroad are expected to study in one of the official Trinity sites: Trinity-in-Buenos Aires or Trinity-in-Barcelona. Requests to study elsewhere will be given consideration and approval will depend on solid academic reasons for requesting an alternative site. All students wishing to receive credit toward the major for courses taken at Trinity’s global sites in Barcelona, Spain, or Buenos Aires, Argentina, must have taken at least one thematically appropriate (Iberian or Latin American) civilization and culture course (HISP 261, HISP 262, HISP 263, HISP 264) before their departure. Careful planning in coordination with the student’s adviser and the department’s faculty sponsors of the sites (Professor Lambright for Buenos Aires; Professor Harrington for Barcelona) is therefore essential.

Courses taken abroad will generally count as elective credits. In certain cases, students may request that one upper-level course taken at an approved study-away program count toward the required number of 300-level courses. One course in Portuguese or Catalan may be counted as an elective toward the major.

Requirements for the Plan B major with primary competence in Hispanic studies

Peninsular

Latin American

  

HISP 261

HISP 263

HISP 262

HISP 264

HISP 270

HISP 270

HISP 280

HISP 280

HISP 290 (.5)

HISP 290 (.5)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Peninsular or Transatlantic)

HISP 401 (Thesis)

HISP 401 (Thesis)

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is in Hispanic studies are required to take a total of five courses in Hispanic studies beyond the 202 level. Of these, the following must be taken with faculty at Trinity’s Hartford campus: two courses in civilization and culture and two 300-level courses (one centering on Spain and the other on Latin America). In certain cases, students may request that one upper-level course taken at an approved study-abroad program count toward the required number of 300-level courses. Certain prerequisites for 300-level courses may be waived for Plan B majors with secondary competency in Hispanic studies at instructor’s discretion.

Plan B major with secondary competence in Hispanic studies

Peninsular

Latin American

  

HISP 261 or 262

HISP 263 or 264

HISP 260 series (open)

HISP 260 series (open)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for students in either the Plan A or plan B Hispanic studies major is fulfilled by HISP 401. Senior Thesis Seminar.

The minor in Spanish language—For students who wish to minor in Spanish, this is a sequence of six courses beyond 201 designed to develop linguistic skills and to incur a deeper understanding of Spanish and Latin American culture and civilization.

The six required courses (HISP 202 and beyond) must be distributed in the following ways. If a student studies abroad in a Spanish-speaking country, he or she must take:

If the student does not study abroad in a Spanish-speaking country, he or she must take:

No course in English under the language and culture studies rubric can be counted toward the course total. No more than two transfer courses may be applied to the Spanish minor.

To declare a minor in Spanish, contact any Hispanic studies faculty member.

Hispanic Studies

Fall Term

Spring Term

Italian Studies

The Plan A major—For a major under this plan, students must earn credit for 12 courses in Italian language, literature, and civilization.

The following is a list of required courses for the major:

In consultation with the faculty adviser in Italian, students matriculating at Trinity College who have background in Italian language will enroll at a more advanced level than first-year Italian (101 and 102). Students must take three interdisciplinary courses on Italian culture and civilization and three literature survey courses to complete the required 12 courses.

The Plan B major—If Italian is the primary language, students are required to take seven courses, including ITAL 228, a 300-level literary survey, and ITAL 401. Special Topics.

If Italian is the secondary language, students are required to take five courses. ITAL 228 is required. For students with prior background in Italian, at least one 300-level survey course is required.

All majors (Plan A and Plan B, both categories) are required to pass an Italian language proficiency examination. This requirement is waived for students gaining a B or better in one of the Italian 300-level courses.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the Plan A or Plan B major in Italian is fulfilled by: ITAL 333-01. Dante (also LACS 333-12), ITAL 314. Contemporary Italian Literature (in Italian), or ITAL 401. Senior Seminar: Topics in Italian Studies (in Italian).

To declare a major in Italian, contact Professor Dario Del Puppo.

Students majoring in Italian are encouraged to attend one of the programs at the Trinity College Rome Campus; they can apply courses taken at the Rome Campus toward the Italian major subject to approval of the faculty adviser. Please see the Rome Campus program and course descriptions in the global programs section.

Advanced Placement—Students with Advanced Placement credit in Italian may count AP credit toward general degree requirements, but not for the Italian major or the Italian minor. AP credit serves as an indicator for placing students in the appropriate level courses.

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in the Italian major must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including ITAL 401.

The Minor in Italian—For students who wish to minor in Italian, this is a sequence of six courses designed primarily to develop linguistic skills and an appreciation of Italian culture and civilization. These courses include, but are not limited to, the language acquisition courses (ITAL 101, 102, 201, 202), ITAL 228. Italian Language and Society, and literary survey courses. In consultation with the minor adviser, Dario Del Puppo, students may also count culture and civilization courses taught in English if they do a significant amount of the course work in Italian. In addition to the six courses, students must complete a .5 credit of Language Across the Curriculum.

To declare a minor in Italian, contact Professor Dario Del Puppo. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Italian culture are referred to the Italian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Italian Studies

Fall Term

Spring Term

Japanese

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Japanese as either their primary or secondary language. Students who choose Japanese as the primary language are required to take seven courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Japanese literature and culture (INTS 236 and above), and JAPN 401. Special Topic in East Asian Literatures. Two courses in a cognate field or fields are also required, as is a paper linking some aspect(s) of the two languages and the cognates; this paper must be completed in JAPN 401.

Students who choose Japanese as the secondary language are required to take five courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Japanese literature and culture (JAPN 211 and above).

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for a Japanese Plan B major is fulfilled by JAPN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics (in Japanese).

The minor in Japanese—For students who wish to minor in Japanese, this is a sequence of five courses beyond JAPN 101 designed to develop linguistic skills as well as a basic understanding of Japanese culture and society. In addition, the minor will include another credit to be fulfilled through either a .5 credit Language Across the Curriculum unit, one semester of teaching assistantship, or a .5 credit integrating paper, typically written in conjunction with the last course taken for the minor. The five courses should be chosen from JAPN 102, 201, 202, 311, 312, 411 , 412, and INTS 236. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a major or minor in Japanese, contact Principal Lecturer Rieko Wagoner. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Asian cultures are referred to the Asian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Japanese

Fall Term

Spring Term

Linguistics

Spring Term

Russian

The Plan A Major—Plan A majors are required to complete 12 credits in Russian as follows:

Credit acquired through the Language Across the Curriculum program may also count toward the cognate requirement. Students who begin Russian in their sophomore year are encouraged to do summer work off campus at an approved program.

The Plan B Major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is Russian are required to complete nine courses in Russian, as follows:

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is Russian are required to complete seven courses in Russian, as follows:

Please note that some aspect of Russian literature or culture must be an integral part of the senior exercise required for the student’s primary concentration.

All Russian majors (Plan A and Plan B) are required to pass the department’s Russian language proficiency examination.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the Plan A or Plan B Russian major is fulfilled by RUSS 302. Russian Narrative Prose (in Russian), or RUSS 401. Senior Seminar (in Russian).

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in the Russian major must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including RUSS 401.

The Minor in Russian—The minor in Russian develops linguistic skills as well as an appreciation of Russian culture and civilization. Students take a sequence of six courses. Normally these courses will be RUSS 101, 102, 201, and 202, plus two of the following courses: RUSS 210, 221, 222, or a literature course taught in Russian. No course taught in English under the language and culture studies rubric may be counted toward the minor.

Russian

Fall Term

Spring Term

World Literature and Culture Studies

Under this track, students major broadly in literary studies, and may draw upon a wide range of courses on literature and culture in translation. Using methods of literary criticism, students situate texts within their original cultural context, and also probe the act of linguistic and cultural translation that occurs when these same texts are read across cultural boundaries. Students furthermore join their study of literature to another mode of inquiry (philosophy, religion, history, psychology, or others), understanding literature in dialogue with intellectual currents, and gaining other methodological tools to help in analyzing literary texts.

To receive a proper grounding in the role of language and culture in the production and reception of literature, all students are required to take LACS 299. Foundations of Language and Culture Studies. Study of texts need not be done in the original language; however, since all culture is language–based, students undertake language study in order to become informed interpreters of literary and cultural texts. Through language study and the foundational course, students will learn to identify blind spots in translated texts and gain the tools for an informed study of literature. The amount of required language study varies from four to six semesters and is determined by the adviser in accordance with the student’s program of study. Students with strong foreign language skills are encouraged to do some or all of their textual study in the original.

Note: All courses with the LACS prefix are offered “in translation”—all readings and class sessions are in English—and no foreign language knowledge is required. Courses with prefixes such as FREN, HISP, CHIN, RUSS, etc., require some foreign language knowledge.

Honors—Students qualifying for honors must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including LACS 401.

Required courses

Each student’s program of study is customized in consultation with the adviser, according to the following requirements:

Twelve courses in fulfillment of categories A through E below:

Note: At least three of the courses taken in the Department of Language and Culture Studies must be at the 300 level or higher.

Students may double major within the Department of Language and Culture Studies, but no more than two courses may be double counted.

The following courses may be counted toward the major in world literature and culture studies with permission of the adviser.