Language and Culture Studies

Professor Del Puppo, Chair; Associate Professor Lambright∙∙, Associate Chair (fall); Professor Harrington, Associate Chair (spring); Professor J. Evelein∙∙; Associate Professors Any∙∙, Kehrès∙∙, and Lahti; Assistant Professors Hanna, Hubert, Kippur, van Ginhoven Rey, and Shen; Principal Lecturers Humphreys, Palma, and Wagoner; Lecturers Goesser Assaiante, Ayalon, and Wang; Visiting Professor Melendez, and Morales; Visiting Associate Professor Solomon; Visiting Assistant Professors Aldrete, Aponte-Avilés, and Varón González; Visiting Lecturers Albanese, di Florio Gula, Doerre, I. Evelein, Flores, King, LeBel, Miyazaki, Morales, Shaver, and Stark; Graduate Fellows Llorca and Walsh.

The Department offers three majors: Plan A, Plan B, and World Literature and Culture Studies. Students who major in other areas of the curriculum, but wish to develop their linguistic skills and knowledge of foreign cultures, may choose to minor in a foreign language.

Plan A major—Under this plan, students major in a single foreign language (French, German studies, Hispanic studies, Italian studies, or Russian). Please see listings and descriptions of respective majors. Credit acquired through the Language Across the Curriculum program may be applied to the cognate requirements. Students are also required to complete a project synthesizing aspects of courses taken for the major and its cognates. Except under exceptional circumstances, this project will be undertaken in the language section’s 401. Senior Seminar; it must be done at Trinity College. See full descriptions under individual language headings.

Plan B major—Under this plan, students may combine any two of the languages taught in the Department of Language and Culture Studies and the Classics Department. A minimum of seven courses in a primary language and five in a secondary language is required, as well as two courses in a cognate field or fields. A paper integrating the three fields of study—primary language field, secondary language field, and some aspect of the cognate field(s)—must be completed in one of the primary language upper-level courses. Except under exceptional circumstances this project will be undertaken in the primary language section’s 401. Senior Seminar, which must be done at Trinity College. See full descriptions under individual language headings.

World Literature and Culture Studies—This major is for students who wish to study literature across regional boundaries. Students take four to six language courses; however, literature/culture courses may be chosen from among the department’s courses offered in English translation. Also required is LACS 299. Foundations of Language and Culture Studies and three related courses in another department. Please see complete description of requirements and list of courses at the end of the department listing.

The language and culture studies minor—The minor in language and culture studies is designed to provide a concentration in a language of choice and an introduction to the literature, culture, and civilization of the language area(s). Students must complete a sequence of either five or six courses and do some additional work (see individual minor descriptions). (See also the minors in Asian studies, French studies, German studies, Italian studies, Jewish studies, Middle East studies, and Russian studies earlier in this Bulletin.)

Course work completed for the major under Plans A or B, or the minor, must receive C- or better, and students must demonstrate oral and written proficiency in the appropriate language(s). First-year students planning to take a language course (other than 101) must take the placement test, administered during first-year orientation.

Upper-level courses are conducted in the foreign language unless otherwise indicated.

Permission to major under Plan A or B or to opt for the language and culture studies minor must be obtained from the department chair.

Any student wishing to enroll for credit in a lower-level language sequence after having been granted credit for a course in the same language at a higher level must first obtain the written permission of the department chair.

All language skill courses may require extra lab or drill sessions at the discretion of the instructor.

Departmental honors are awarded to seniors who have maintained an A- average in all courses to be counted toward their major (including cognate courses). A minimum grade of A- is furthermore required in the senior exercise (401).

Language Across the Curriculum—In addition to majoring in a language through Plan A or Plan B, or choosing a minor, there is also the opportunity to apply language skills to a wide array of courses across the entire college curriculum through the Language Across the Curriculum Program.

This option is generally open to all students who have completed the intermediate level (fourth semester, or equivalent) in any foreign language currently taught at Trinity and who are enrolled in any course outside the department in which the instructor, in collaboration with a member of the language and culture studies faculty, approves a supplementary reading list in the foreign language. For example, those studying European history, the economy of Latin America, or Freud could do supplementary readings in French, Spanish, or German; those studying art history or the modern theater might do further readings in Italian or Russian respectively. There are many other possibilities. Subject to satisfactory completion of the assigned work, such students will then be awarded an extra half credit in the course in question. For further information, see any member of the department.

Study away—Majors and other students interested in having a serious engagement with non-U.S. languages and cultures are urged to spend at least one semester abroad, or to enroll in a summer study-abroad program or a recognized summer language institute in North America.

Special attention is called to the Trinity College programs in Barcelona, Paris, Rome, and Vienna. The departmental contacts for these programs are, respectively, Professors Harrington, Kehrès, Del Puppo, and Evelein. Brochures describing each of these programs in detail are available both through the department and the Office of Study Away.

Blume Language and Culture Learning Center—Language faculty and students at Trinity College have at their disposal a vast array of technology resources to create engaging learning experiences in the classroom and through online environments. The Blume Language and Culture Learning Center provides a 20-seat, dual-platform (Macintosh and Windows) computer laboratory that can be scheduled for instructional purposes on a regular basis or for specific sessions as needed.

The Blume Center staff works closely with the language and culture studies faculty to promote innovative approaches toward the teaching and learning of language and culture. The Blume Center’s driving goal is to contribute to a greater understanding of instructional technology and learning theories in order to foster their integration into educational practices and language instruction at all levels.

Through informal discussions and professional collaborations, the Blume Center provides information about and facilitates access to various instructional resources for the language faculty and the larger Trinity community. As an example of such collaborations, the Blume Center partners with academic computing to support teaching and learning on campus by co-sponsoring workshops, via the Student Technology Assistant Program, and collaborating on technology-based projects.

Courses conducted in English

In addition to courses in foreign languages, the department offers the following courses taught in English.

Fall Term

[233. Berlin, Vienna, Prague]— In this course we will peek into the urban souls of Berlin, Vienna, and Prague as we become familiar with some of the many writers, artists, musicians, and filmmakers who have called these cities home. Berlin comes alive in expressionist films and cityscapes, the Berlin literary avant-garde, and the many artistic responses to the Cold War and its most visible reminder: the Berlin Wall. We’ll approach Vienna through Sigmund Freud and Arthur Schnitzler, study Secessionist art by Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, and accompany modern writers on their wanderings through the city. In Prague we will study Art Nouveau and Art Deco and become acquainted with the city’s most famous writers, Franz Kafka and Milan Kundera. This course is taught in English and is listed as GRMN 233 and LACS 233. It meets the Writing Part II requirement for German Studies majors. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[233. Mafia]— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[236. Modern Italy]— An introduction to modern Italy, through discussion of outstanding works of history, social science, film, and literature. Topics include the unification of Italy, the sharp changes in relations between church and state, the Great Emigration, Fascism, modernization, the Sicilian mafia, and the persistence of regional divisions. All work is done in English. Students who wish to count this course toward a major in Italian should request permission of the instructor. They will complete their assignments in Italian and will meet with the instructor in supplementary sessions. (Listed as both LACS 236 and ITAL 236-01; and under the History Department.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[257. New German Cinema]— This course will examine the rich and varied cinema produced in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1960 and the mid-1980s, otherwise known as New German Cinema. Concurrent with screenings of films by directors such as Wim Wenders, Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Doris Drrie, we will consider the political and historical events that influenced the film industry and aesthetic at this time in Germany. We will also trace the history of film financing, distribution and exhibition in post-WWII West Germany. The themes examined will include, but are not limited to, the relationship between public and private, past and present, the relationship between history and gender, the “German” and the other, the search for a national identity. On completion of this course, students will be able to understand (1) the diverse aesthetic of New German Cinema films, (2) the institutional influences in the development of New German Cinema, (3) the history of West German after 1949, and (4) the different conceptualizations of German identity in different historical and political moments. Directors include R. W. Fassbinder, W. Herzog, W. Wenders, H. Sanders-Brahms, and M. v. Trotta. (GLB) (Enrollment limited)

263. Religion and Spirituality in German Literature from Lessing to Brecht— As far back as the Protestant Reformation, religion has played an important role in shaping German political, cultural and linguistic identity. This course will examine the history of religion in German culture through the lens of literature written before, during and after the “long nineteenth century,” a period in which Germany went from being a European backwater to becoming a major political and economic power. By analyzing literary representations of faith and spirituality, our discussion will seek to illuminate the changing significance and function of religious belief against the backdrop of this broader transformation. We will also consider how such imaginings serve to inspire new paradigms of literary expression. Texts by Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, Schleiermacher, Kleist, Nietzsche, Kafka, Brecht and others. Taught in English. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Walsh

268. Inside the Third Reich: Culture, Politics, and the Everyday in Nazi Germany— What was the Third Reich? Through the examination of various primary and secondary texts, this course takes an in-depth look at life inside Nazi Germany. Themes include the role of propaganda in the media and entertainment industries, Volk, anti-Semitism, race, narratives of the persecuted, the aesthetics of fascism, gender, youth organizations, resistance, and collapse. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

272. Mafia— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Alcorn

285. Love, Sex, and War in Tolstoy— This course offers a detailed and varied exploration of Tolstoy’s greatest fiction. Writer and prophet, aristocrat and socialist, moralist and hedonist, Tolstoy contained a bundle of contradictions in a mind of artistic genius. As we seek to uncover the aesthetic workings of his stories and novels, we will have ample opportunity to discuss the subjects of these works—romantic love, sexual expression, family life, war as military theory and as human experience, and the individual’s search for meaning in relation to the works themselves and to our own lives. Tolstoy’s youth, military service, marriage, religious conversion, and contentious relations with those around him will be discussed in connection with his literary art. (Listed as both LACS 233-82 and RUSS 233-07; under the Russian and Eurasian studies concentration of the International Studies Program; and under the Women, Gender, and Sexuality Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Any

320. French Cinema— This course is designed to familiarize students with the development and art of the French cinema as seen through its important phases and movements, and in its relationship to modern France. Relevant literary and critical texts will accompany each film. Lectures and coursework will be in English. (Listed as both LACS 320-01 and FREN 320-01.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

[333. French Cinema]— This course is designed to familiarize students with the development and art of the French cinema as seen through its important phases and movements, and in its relationship to modern France. Relevant literary and critical texts will accompany each film. Lectures and coursework will be in English. (Listed as both LACS 320-01 and FREN 320-01.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[333. Dante: The Divine Comedy]— An intensive study of the Divine Comedy (in translation) with particular emphasis on the historical and aesthetic significance of this ’summa.’ Students wishing to count this course toward a major in Italian should receive permission of the instructor. (Listed as both LACS 335 and ITAL 335.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

335. Dante: The Divine Comedy— An intensive study of the Divine Comedy (in translation) with particular emphasis on the historical and aesthetic significance of this ’summa.’ Students wishing to count this course toward a major in Italian should receive permission of the instructor. (Listed as both LACS 335 and ITAL 335.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Del Puppo

[355. Language Across the Curriculum]— Students who have completed the intermediate level of a foreign language (fourth semester or equivalent) and who are enrolled in any course across the college, may do an additional half-credit work in the language for that course. This half-credit course will be done with one of the faculty of the Language and Culture Studies Department. The language faculty member will meet with the student regularly and go over the texts in the foreign language that pertain to the course being taken. The language faculty member will grade the student on this additional half-credit and it will count as an LACS course (independent study). (0.5 course credit)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

460. Tutorial— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

224. Introduction to Arab and Middle Eastern Cinemas— This course offers an overview of the social and artistic role of cinema in the Arab world. It presents a historical outlook on the rise and development of cinema in the broader Middle East and North Africa through an investigation of this genre and the use of critical and cultural theory. It examines the artistic and cultural relationship of cinema to the societies it represents by utilizing a variety of structured thematic viewpoints such as the configuration of society and community, children in times of war, feminist discourse, and homosexuality, in order to explore cinema as an integral part of Arabic popular culture. The lectures will be organized around weekly screening of films in addition to related critical readings. No previous knowledge of Arabic language is required. This course is also listed under the African studies concentration and Middle Eastern studies concentration of the International Studies program and under the Women, Gender, and Sexuality program. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

[226. Writing the Body in Contemporary Arabic Literature]— This course offers detailed analyses of gendered perceptions of sexuality in contemporary Arabic literature. It examines literary and cinematic trends of portraying sexuality in the Arab Middle East. Through close readings of several prominent Arab authors, students will investigate topics related to writing the body, sexuality and love, the ethics and aesthetics of morality, homosocial relations, sexual performances, and homoerotic practices. These themes will be explored against the background of major historical, political, and social events in the modern Middle East and supported by a number of theoretical readings, films, and documentaries. No knowledge of Arabic language is required. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[245. Latin American Film and Human Rights]— This course has the dual purpose of examining important human rights issues in Latin America and questioning the role of film in making visible, critiquing, or even sustaining the structures that lead to human rights violations. We will study specific human rights issues tackled by filmmakers in Latin America, such as cultural rights, gender and sexuality rights, economic rights, environmental issues, and war and state terror. Furthermore, we will discuss specific film schools and movements that developed to address human rights issues in diverse Latin American contexts. Finally, we will look at how Latin American films work the international human rights film festival circuit, and the ethical and practical implications of filming local human rights issues for international audiences. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[254. Franz Kafka]— In this course we will read short stories, novels, and letters of Kafka with an eye to the artistic and literary trends of his time (expressionism, surrealism, art nouveau), the uniqueness of Kafka’s writing, and his influence upon later writers. Readings include The Judgment, Metamorphosis, and The Trial; we will examine themes such as unappeasable authority, inescapable guilt, and the individual marooned in an incomprehensible and perhaps merciless world. (Listed as both LACS 233-54 and GRMN 233-10.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

259. The Postwar German Film— This course will explore the social and political landscape of postwar Germany from 1945 to the present by looking at a broad range of films from East and West Germany, and Austria, that encompass a wide variety of genres, filmmakers, and movements. The themes examined will include, but not be limited to, the creation of a new cinema after World War II, filmmaking during the Cold War, avant-garde cinema, German history through film, socially critical cinema, and Germany today. Directors will include Wolfgang Staudte, Volker Schlndorff, R.W. Fassbinder, Werner Herzog, Margarethe von Trotta, Fatih Akin, and Christian Petzold. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

[264. Literature and the Law]— In literature and in law, language shapes rhetorical worlds that seek to represent, constitute and interpret the actions of human beings and their world. Therefore, examining how the law is represented in literature gives insight both into how this representation shifts to accommodate historical and cultural differences, and how central the role of narrative is to legal institutions. This course will focus on representations of the law in German-language literature from the late 18th century onward, to examine how literature relates the human condition to law, to other central cultural values (love, honor and justice), and how literature can put the law itself into question. The course will emphasize literary interrogations of National Socialist law, which take up these questions in their most urgent form. Taught in English. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[265. German History Through Literature and Film]— This course examines German history from 1871 to the present through major works of German literature and film. Special emphasis will be placed on the historical context within which each work was written: the Wilhelmine Empire, World War I, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East/West Germany and the Cold War, and Reunification. The objective of the course is twofold: to become familiar with some of the most powerful narratives of modern German literature and film; and to analyze literature and film as windows on social, cultural, and historical processes. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

[266. Marx, Nietzsche, Freud]— This survey of German intellectual history from 1848 to the present will acquaint students with writings of Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, and the many others who shaped subsequent western culture and thought. Drawing upon close readings of excerpts from pivotal works, we will examine the relevance of such works in the matrix of artistic trends and historical circumstances from which they emerge. Short literary pieces (Franz Kafka, Thomas Mann) will be included. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[272. Mafia]— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

274. Food in Italian History, Society, and Art— The saying, “A tavola non s’invecchia” (“One does not age at the supper table”), expresses the importance of food and eating for Italians. In this course, we will examine the relationship between food and culture in Italy, from the Romans to the present, through a variety of readings and tasting experiences. Topics include: the importing and exporting of different foods in antiquity as an instance of cultural and economic exchange; medieval beliefs about intellectual and physical aptitudes associated with diet; the representation of food in art, literature, and cinema; regional cuisines and cultural identities; and the language of food. We will also discuss Italian and Italian-American cuisine as the reflection of related, yet very different, cultures. Students may opt to undertake a Community Learning Initiative in consultation with the course instructor. (Listed as both LACS 274 and ITAL 274.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Del Puppo

[282. Dostoevsky]— (Conducted in English.) Reading and discussing Dostoevsky’s literary works, we will try to answer the social, psychological, philosophical, and religious questions that tortured him. We will examine Dostoevsky’s reaction to social problems he saw in 19th-century Russia: family breakdown, alienation and powerlessness in the workplace, the daily humiliations of living in a system that ranks people according to their salary; and we will try to answer the underlying question: how can people connect with each other in the modern age? Modernity’s preference for science and social science also troubled Dostoevsky. If human actions are scientifically predictable, can people ever be free? We will examine the unsavory solutions Dostoevsky offered: spite, game-playing, crime, radical nihilism, and others. Do religions, with all their glaring contradictions, offer a viable answer? The search for answers to these and other questions will open up new vistas and will educate students about one of the most influential world writers, the author of such classics as Notes from Underground, Crime and Punishment, and The Brothers Karamazov. (Listed as LACS 333-10 and under the Russian and Eurasian studies concentration of the International Studies program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

290. Italian Cinema: Fiction and Film— A study and discussion of Italian cinema from neorealism to the present. The course will cover both formal and thematic trends in the films of the noted postwar Italian directors Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, and Luchino Visconti. The course will also consider the trend away from reliance on literary texts toward the development of personal expressions by such author/directors as Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, Lina Wertmller, Paolo and Vittorio Taviani, Maurizio Nichetti, and others. Film screenings will be in Italian with English subtitles. Lectures and coursework will be in English. Students wishing to apply this course toward the major in Italian must secure permission of the instructor. They will complete their assignments in Italian and meet with the instructor in supplementary sessions. Faithful attendance is required. (Listed as both LACS 290 and ITAL 290.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –King

299. Foundations of Language and Culture Studies— This course (taught in English) starts from the premise that all language acts are culturally based. The main topics of the course fall into three categories: what is language; critical approaches to culture studies with an emphasis on literary texts; translation. We will also explore what happens when a literary text is translated from one language into another. Students will have a chance to do individualized work that bears upon their own language of study. The course features regular guest lectures by faculty from a range of languages and fields. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Harrington

[325. Americans in Paris/Parisians in America]— Americans visiting Paris today flock to the literary cafés of the Latin Quarter and the Impressionist paintings at the Musée d’Orsay, but how was it that Paris came to represent a cultural mecca for Americans? To what extent do American cities generally—and New York in particular—occupy a similar place in the cultural imaginary of Parisians? This course draws from an eclectic mix of materials—historical and literary texts, transatlantic correspondence, pop culture and comedy, music, films, political treatises, cultural theory—to examine some of the assumptions, prejudices, and cross-cultural influences that characterize Franco-American relations historically and today. Sample reading list includes works by James Baldwin, Simone de Beauvoir, Adam Gopnik, Ernest Hemingway, Henry Miller, David Sedaris, and Alexis de Tocqueville. Coursework and discussions will be in English. Listed as both LACS 325-01 and FREN 325-01. (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

401. Senior Project— The capstone project for the World Literature and Culture Studies major. To enroll, students must submit a completed special registration form available from the Registrar’s Office. (WEB) –Staff

460. Tutorial— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Courses Originating in Other Departments

College Course 151. French Film Festival— View course description in department listing on p. 339. –Humphreys, Kippur

English 330. Sex, Violence and Substance Abuse: Mexico by Non-Mexicans— View course description in department listing on p. 440. –Goldman

Arabic

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Arabic as their secondary language. Students who do so are required to take five courses in Arabic beyond ARAB 101, including at least one course in Arabic literature and culture (ARAB 224, 225, 226).

The minor in Arabic—For students who wish to minor in Arabic, this is a sequence of five courses: ARAB 101, 102, 201, 202, and 301, designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of Arab culture and civilization. In addition, students are required to take either ARAB 224, 225, 226, or LING 101. Introduction to Linguistics, or a course in the Middle East section of the International Studies Program. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in Arabic, contact Assistant Professor Kifah Hanna. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Middle Eastern culture are referred to the Middle Eastern studies concentration.

Arabic

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary Arabic I— Designed to develop fundamental skill in both spoken and written Arabic. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic grammatical structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour per week. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Shaver, Staff

201. Intermediate Arabic I— Continuation of Arabic 102, with an introduction to Arabic composition as well as further grammatical study and conversation practice. Required lab work. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

301. Intermediate Arabic III— Continuation of Arabic 202, introducing increasingly complex grammatical structures through culturally based materials and literary texts, with a programmed expansion of vocabulary to 1,500 words. Lab work required. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

401. Advanced Arabic I: Conversation and Composition— This course builds on grammatical concepts acquired in elementary and intermediate courses (101-302). It introduces alternative stylistic tools for oral, aural, and writing skills with a vigorous expansion of vocabulary related to contemporary Arab culture and daily events in the Middle East. We will focus on two key areas of Arabic grammar: the root and pattern system, and complex sentence structure. Students will gain knowledge of grammatical aspects such as active and passive participles, geminate verbs, passive voice, circumstantial clauses, and nouns of place and time (to name a few) and learn more on idafas, broken plurals and superlatives and comparative forms. We will read and discuss authentic texts (short stories, newspapers, and magazine articles) and view films and various news clips in Arabic. Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 302 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Intensive Elementary Arabic II— Designed to develop basic language skills learned in Arabic 101. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour per week. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Staff

202. Intermediate Arabic II— Continuation of Arabic 201, leading to a completion of essential basic grammatical constructions as well as further conversational practice. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

224. Introduction to Arab and Middle Eastern Cinemas— This course offers an overview of the social and artistic role of cinema in the Arab world. It presents a historical outlook on the rise and development of cinema in the broader Middle East and North Africa through an investigation of this genre and the use of critical and cultural theory. It examines the artistic and cultural relationship of cinema to the societies it represents by utilizing a variety of structured thematic viewpoints such as the configuration of society and community, children in times of war, feminist discourse, and homosexuality, in order to explore cinema as an integral part of Arabic popular culture. The lectures will be organized around weekly screening of films in addition to related critical readings. No previous knowledge of Arabic language is required. This course is also listed under the African studies concentration and Middle Eastern studies concentration of the International Studies program and under the Women, Gender, and Sexuality program. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

[226. Writing the Body in Contemporary Arabic Literature]— This course offers detailed analyses of gendered perceptions of sexuality in contemporary Arabic literature. It examines literary and cinematic trends of portraying sexuality in the Arab Middle East. Through close readings of several prominent Arab authors, students will investigate topics related to writing the body, sexuality and love, the ethics and aesthetics of morality, homosocial relations, sexual performances, and homoerotic practices. These themes will be explored against the background of major historical, political, and social events in the modern Middle East and supported by a number of theoretical readings, films, and documentaries. No knowledge of Arabic language is required. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

302. Intermediate Arabic IV— Continuation of Arabic 301, presenting alternative stylistic tools for oral and written communication, with a vigorous expansion of vocabulary. Lab work required. (Also listed under the African Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 301 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Hanna

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

402. Advanced Arabic II: Composition and Style— This course is a continuation of Arabic 401. We will closely read and analyze complex authentic texts in order to develop a high level of proficiency and grammatical accuracy in Modern Standard Arabic and colloquial Levantine. We will continue to vigorously focus on the root and pattern system. Students will study new grammatical aspects such as the imperative, the prohibitive, hollow and weak verbs, assimilation in and basic meanings of certain awzan, and the different types of grammatical objects (to name a few). Students will learn different styles of narration and significantly expand their vocabulary repertoire. Prerequisite: C- or better in Arabic 401 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Staff

[466. Teaching Assistantship]— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit)

Chinese

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Chinese as either their primary or secondary language. Students who choose Chinese as the primary language are required to take seven courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Chinese literature and culture (INTS 237 and above), and 401. Special Topics in Chinese. Two courses in a cognate field or fields are also required as is a paper linking some aspect(s) of the two languages and the cognates; this paper must be completed in CHIN 401.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement in this major is fulfilled by one of the following courses: CHIN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in Chinese (all majors must take this course) or INTS 237.

Students who choose Chinese as the secondary language are required to take five courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Chinese literature and culture (INTS 237 and above).

The minor in Chinese—For students who do not wish to major in Chinese Plan B, the Chinese minor offers an opportunity to develop linguistic skills while gaining knowledge of Chinese culture. Students minoring in Chinese take a sequence of five courses beyond CHIN 101 (101 does not count). One of the five courses should be INTS 237. The other four courses should be chosen from CHIN 102, 201, 202, 301, 302, 401, 413, 415, 430, 440. In addition, the minor will include an additional half credit of academic work to be fulfilled in one of three ways:

No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the language concentration in Chinese. Students must achieve a grade of B or above in the highest level language course or pass the proficiency test administered by the language concentration coordinator.

To declare a minor in Chinese, contact Professor Shen. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Asian cultures are referred to the Asian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Chinese

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary Chinese I— Designed to develop fundamental skill in both spoken and written Mandarin. About 300 characters will be learned. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Students with previous training and background in Chinese should consult the instructor for proper placement. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

201. Intensive Intermediate Chinese I— This course emphasizes the continued development of skill in spoken and written Mandarin. Students will read more advanced texts, practice conversation, and be introduced to additional characters. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 201 and 202 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. (Also listed the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 102 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

237. 20th-Century Chinese Literature— A survey of modern Chinese literature, 1918-2000. We will study three major periods of the 20th century: 1918-1949, 1949-1976, and 1976 to the present. The course will concentrate on the work of writers such as Lu Xun, Yu Dafu, Eileen Chang (Zhang Ailing), Xu Zhimo, Mao Dun, Shen Congwen, Bei Dao, Yu Hua, Su Tong, and Wang Anyi. Students will be introduced to the basic developmental trajectory of 20th-century Chinese literature, and will explore interactions between social-historical conditions and the production of modern Chinese literary works. Readings and discussion in English. (GLB) (Enrollment limited) –Shen

301. Advanced Chinese I— Further development of skill in written and spoken Mandarin, with increasing emphasis on longer texts, additional characters, and extensive discussion. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 301 and 302 in sequence. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Shen

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

413. Advanced Chinese III— Students will further develop skills in written and spoken Mandarin, with increasing emphasis on longer texts, additional characters, and extensive discussion. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 413 and 415 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 302 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

[430. Chinese Speaking and Writing I]— The course introduces Chinese speaking and writing skills for graduate school-level use. The targeted students will be those who major or minor in Chinese, and/or have received significant amount of Chinese language training, and/or have great interest in pursuing a Chinese-related career. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 430 and 440 in sequence. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Intensive Elementary Chinese II— Continuation of Chinese 101, with increased emphasis on conversational practice. An additional 300 characters will be learned. Students are expected to master most of the spoken patterns by the end of the semester. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

[150. Conversational Chinese for Beginners]— This course is designed to prepare students’ basic language skills for participating in the China Summer Program. It aims to build students’ basic skills in spoken Chinese with emphasis on basic greetings and survival phrases for first-time travellers. Only students in the China Summer Program are allowed to enroll in this course. Students with prior Chinese language study must obtain the permission of the instructor. This course does not count toward the second language requirement. (0.5 course credit) (Enrollment limited)

202. Intensive Intermediate Chinese II— Continuation of Chinese 201, with further emphasis on written and spoken development of the current idiom. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 201 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

302. Advanced Chinese II— Concentration on advanced writing and speaking skills, further acquisition of compound characters, and further extensive practice in complex reading. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Shen

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

401. Senior Seminar: Issues in Contemporary China— The primary goal of this course is to become familiar with, discuss, and debate some cultural, political and economical situations of the contemporary Chinese speaking world through the modern media of newspapers, television and film. The course will also further improve advanced students’ ability to use Chinese in their daily and professional lives. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Shen

415. Advanced Chinese IV— Students will improve skills in written and spoken Mandarin for formal occasions and conversations. Focuses will be given to students’ ability to use the language formally and idiomatically. Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 413 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Wang

[440. Chinese Speaking and Writing II]— The course introduces Chinese speaking and writing skills for graduate school-level use. The targeted students will be those who major or minor in Chinese, and/or have received significant amount of Chinese language training, and/or have great interest in pursuing a Chinese-related career. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 430 and 440 in sequence. (Also listed under the Asian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Chinese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

French

The Plan A major—All Plan A students must choose to follow either a “French Language and Literature” track or a “French Studies” track within their major, which must normally be selected before the senior year, and specifically approved by the adviser. All Plan A majors are encouraged to study in an approved program in some part of the Francophone world.

All Plan A majors are required to have 11 courses beyond FREN 102. The following five are required: FREN 241. Advanced Composition and Style; FREN 251. French Literature I: From the Middle Ages to Romanticism; FREN 252. French Literature II: Modern French Literature (no more than one of these three may be by transfer credit); at least one FREN 355 course from the special topics cycle to be taken at Trinity College, and FREN 401.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for this major is fulfilled by FREN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics.

For Plan A majors choosing the “French Language and Literature” track, two courses among the remaining six elective courses may be taken in another discipline (numbered at other than the 100 level), focusing on France or on some aspect of Francophone studies. These courses may be found, for example, among the offerings of such departments or programs as English, history, fine arts, international studies, music, political science, the other sections of the Language and Culture Studies Department, or the equivalents of such offerings in any approved foreign study program.

For Plan A majors choosing the “French Studies” track, three such courses among the remaining six elective courses may be taken in another discipline (numbered at other than the 100 level).

Those choosing the “French Studies” track will develop a coherent concentration in close consultation with their adviser. Such concentrations might focus, for example, on the arts (including film) by including courses from the fine arts and the music departments, or the various film offerings inside and outside the French section; on literary studies by including courses from the classics and the English departments, or one of the other foreign cultures taught in the Language and Culture Studies Department (whether in the original language or in English); or on society by including courses from the history and the political science departments. Many other combinations are possible.

The Plan B major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is French are required to have seven courses in French beyond FREN 102; the following are required: FREN 241, FREN 251 and 252, at least one French 300-level course (to be taken at Trinity College), and FREN 401. Among the remaining two elective courses, one course not offered under a French rubric (numbered at other than the 100 level) focusing on France or on some aspect of Francophone study may be counted toward the major (see examples under Plan A major above).

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is French are required to have five courses in French beyond FREN 102; the following are required: FREN 241, FREN 251, and FREN 252.

All Plan B majors are encouraged to study in an approved program in some part of the Francophone world.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the French major is fulfilled by: FREN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in French (required of all majors).

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in their French majors must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including FREN 401.

The minor in French—For students who wish to minor in French, this is a sequence of 5.5 credits beyond FREN 102 designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of Francophone culture and civilization. The five required courses in French must include FREN 281. Conversational French: Current Events and can include, but are not limited to, FREN 250, 251, 252, or a 300-level course in French. The additional .5 credit can be achieved through the French Film Festival course (with written work done in French), or another 1-credit French course. A maximum of one course taught in English under the Language and Culture Studies rubric may be counted toward the minor, only if written work done in French. No more than one transfer credit taken in a program other than Trinity-in-Paris may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in French, contact Karen Humphreys, Jean-Marc Kehrès, or Sara Kippur. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Francophone culture are referred to the French studies interdisciplinary minor.

French

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary French I— Designed to develop a basic ability to read, write, understand, and speak French. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Other than beginning students must have the explicit permission of the instructor.–Sabich (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein, Llorca

102. Intensive Elementary French II— Continuation of 101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions and reading comprehension. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Solomon

201. Intermediate French I— Review of basic grammatical concepts and development of fundamental language skills, with increasing emphasis on written expression and spoken accuracy. Use is made of video-based presentations. Since significant linguistic progress cannot be achieved in 201 alone, students wishing to acquire proficiency should plan to take both 201 and 202 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Kehres

202. Intermediate French II— Further reinforcement of written and spoken skills, with continuing practice in the use of complex grammatical structures and greater emphasis on the mastery of contemporary usage through extensive class discussion, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 201 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein

241. Advanced Composition and Style— Development of a high level of proficiency through the reading and analysis of texts and films in contemporary idiomatic French, with considerable emphasis on attainment of grammatical accuracy. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 202 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

247. Introduction to Francophone Studies— This course provides an introduction to the history, literature and culture of the Francophone world. Through a range of texts and films hailing from French-speaking countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Americas, we explore the legacy of colonialism and post-colonialism, and pay particular attention to issues of race, identity, language, and nationhood. Conducted in French. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 241 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kippur

251. French Literature I: From the Middle Ages to Romanticism— This course is designed to introduce the student to the major authors of French literature from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. Representative works will be read in chronological order to foster a sense of literary history. Special emphasis will be placed on techniques of literary appreciation. Class conducted entirely in French. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 241 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kehres

281. Conversational French: Current Events— This course is designed for students who want to acquire greater proficiency in their oral expression and are interested in current events. We will examine current political, social, historical and educational issues as they appear in French newspapers and magazines such as L’Express, Le Monde, Le Nouvel Observateur and other online resources. Students will participate in class discussions, prepare oral reports and conduct presentations on the issues under study. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 241 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Solomon

320. French Cinema— This course is designed to familiarize students with the development and art of the French cinema as seen through its important phases and movements, and in its relationship to modern France. Relevant literary and critical texts will accompany each film. Lectures and coursework will be in English. (Listed as both LACS 320-01 and FREN 320-01.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

355. Special Topics in French Literature: Writing Life Stories in the 20th Century— Why write stories about our lives? How do authors put into writing the personal, traumatic, and often unbelievable experiences they’ve had in life? This course considers how authors construct fictional and autobiographical selves in French and Francophone literature of the 20th century. By looking at first-person narratives as presented in novels, memoirs, war testimonies, and journals, we will examine the often tenuous boundary between truth and fiction, probe the assumptions we bring to reading autobiographical texts, and pay close attention to the representation of national identity, trauma, and loss. Among the authors to be considered are Proust, Leiris, Beckett, Sartre, Duras, Sarraute, Camus, Chraibi, Conde, Berr, and Federman Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Kippur

[355. Visions of France at War in 20th-century Literature and Film]— This course considers the literary and cinematic representation of French involvement in wars of the twentieth century both on national and foreign soil. Examining works of fiction, poetry, memoir and film that emerged from the world wars, the Spanish Civil War, and the Algerian War for independence, this course probes the relationship between violence, historical memory, and aesthetic representation, and asks how art can be used to respond to traumatic events. Readings may include works by Albert Camus, Georges Bataille, Michel del Castillo, André Malraux, Jorge Semprun, Marguerite Duras, René Char, Assia Djebar, Lela Sebbar, and Sylvie Germain, and films such as La Grande Illusion, La Guerre est finie, Nuit et brouillard, Lacombe Lucien, Le Chagrin et La Pitié, Indignes, and La Bataille d’Alger. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[355. Reading the Streets of Paris: flâneurs, lionnes, and chiffonniers]— This course focuses on representations of Paris through the eyes of a variety of 19th and 20th-century authors. This course integrates the experience of study abroad and with the analysis of texts that evoke different aspects of urban life. We will begin with a brief history of the city of Paris and specific features of its transformation under Haussmann. Urban icons such as Baudelaire’s flâneur, working girls, (grisettes) and ragpickers (chiffonniers) hold an important place in visual and textual representations by the following authors: Charles Baudelaire, Honoré Balzac, Delphine Girardin, George Sand, Jules Verne, Walter Benjamin, André Breton and Colette.We begin with texts by Baudelaire to understand the concept of the flâneur. This becomes an important and uniquely urban phenomenon in 19th-century French culture. The flâneur implies either bohemian or bourgeois social status; however we also analyze texts about women navigating the city, and ragpickers (chiffonniers) who are immortalized in the poetry of Baudelaire and photographs of Atget. Authors include: Charles Baudelaire, Honoré Balzac, Céleste Mogador, George Sand, Jules Verne, Walter Benjamin, Louis Aragon, and Colette. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

460. Tutorial— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Intensive Elementary French II— Continuation of 101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions and reading comprehension. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein, Llorca

201. Intermediate French I— Review of basic grammatical concepts and development of fundamental language skills, with increasing emphasis on written expression and spoken accuracy. Use is made of video-based presentations. Since significant linguistic progress cannot be achieved in 201 alone, students wishing to acquire proficiency should plan to take both 201 and 202 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

202. Intermediate French II— Further reinforcement of written and spoken skills, with continuing practice in the use of complex grammatical structures and greater emphasis on the mastery of contemporary usage through extensive class discussion, reading, and writing. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 201 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Solomon

241. Advanced Composition and Style— Development of a high level of proficiency through the reading and analysis of texts and films in contemporary idiomatic French, with considerable emphasis on attainment of grammatical accuracy. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 202 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

250. Advanced Language Study— This course is designed to strengthen and develop students’ reading, writing, and translating skills, to facilitate the transition between lower-level language courses and the upper-level study of literature and culture. Readings will focus on the short story as a genre in order to build vocabulary and increase students’ ability to read with ease, as well as to appreciate the literary value of a text. Weekly writing will be assigned on a variety of topics taken from the readings, as well as the students’ own creative writing (essays or short fiction). The translation component of the course will entail passages from the texts read in class, but students will also translate their own creative work. Texts by contemporary writers such as Le Clézio, Assia Djebar, Véronique Tadjo, Philippe Delerm, and others will be used. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 241 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Solomon

252. Modern French Literature— This course will be a survey of the major texts of the 19th and 20th century France. Principles of literary history and literary appreciation will be emphasized. Prerequisite: French 241 or equivalent (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Kippur

305. Modern Culture and Civilization— A study of modern France through its history, arts, politics, and social structures. This course is designed to help students understand why the French think the way they do and why their societal concepts are often very different from those of the Americans. To do so we will see that for the French the presence of the past deeply informs the present and how this historical phenomenon has shaped, at least in part, the concept of the family, the government, the educational system, and the position of women in France. We will also examine the important issue of immigration, which is one of France’s major social issues today. Finally, we will look at the role that France is playing in the shaping of European unity. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 241 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Solomon

[325. Americans in Paris/Parisians in America]— Americans visiting Paris today flock to the literary cafés of the Latin Quarter and the Impressionist paintings at the Musée d’Orsay, but how was it that Paris came to represent a cultural mecca for Americans? To what extent do American cities generally—and New York in particular—occupy a similar place in the cultural imaginary of Parisians? This course draws from an eclectic mix of materials—historical and literary texts, transatlantic correspondence, pop culture and comedy, music, films, political treatises, cultural theory—to examine some of the assumptions, prejudices, and cross-cultural influences that characterize Franco-American relations historically and today. Sample reading list includes works by James Baldwin, Simone de Beauvoir, Adam Gopnik, Ernest Hemingway, Henry Miller, David Sedaris, and Alexis de Tocqueville. Coursework and discussions will be in English. Listed as both LACS 325-01 and FREN 325-01. (Enrollment limited)

355. Dandyism, Decadence, and the Cult of the Self— This course explores the developments and intersections of style, fashion, and the self in 19th-century French culture. Baudelaire answers his own question in reference to dandyism–“what is this unofficial institution which has formed so haughty and exclusive a sect?”— he claims, it is “the burning need to create for oneself a personal originality.” In the age of industrial revolution and mechanical reproduction, the place of the individual in society—particularly urban society—is wrought with paradoxes. We will examine many of these contradictions in a variety of fictional, poetic, and critical texts as well as through visual media. Authors include but are not limited to Balzac, Baudelaire, Barbey d’Aurevilly, J-K Huysmans, Oscar Wilde, Rachilde, Renée Vivien, Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, and Roland Barthes. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Humphreys

[355. Tales of Transgression: Crime, Censorship, and Public Morals in 19th and 20th Century French Culture]— In this course we will explore various manifestations of crime and transgression in French literary culture of the 19th and 20th centuries. Among the topics we will discuss are the rise of bourgeois industrial culture, social norms and mores, scandal, and censorship as they relate to class, gender, and sexuality. Works will include narratives by the 19th-century chief of police Eugene Vidocq, Crimes celebres by Victor Hugo, Les Fleurs du mal by Baudelair, excerpts of Flaubert’s Madam Bovary, Barbey’s LesDiaboliques, selected plays by Rachilde, narratives and poetry of the surrealist movement, Robert Netz’s Histoire de la censure, and selected writings by Michel Foucault and Georges Bataille. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

[355. 18th-Century Enlightenment]— The Enlightenment can be defined as a movement of political, social, and philosophical contestation advocating the reign of reason and progress. This course will examine the manifestations of this questioning through the study of the dominant genres of the periods: plays, philosophical tales, dialogues, novels. We will also study a selection of films whose subject is the history and cultural life of 18th-century France and examine the relevance of 18th-century issues to the contemporary world. Sample reading list, L’le des esclaves, Marivaux, Le Neveu de Rameau, Diderot Candide, Voltaire, Le Mariage de Figaro, Beaumarchais, Les Infortunes de la vertu, Sade. Films: Que la fte commence, Bertrand Tavernier, Ridicule, Patrice Leconte, L’Anglaise et le duc, ric Roemer. Prerequisite: C- or better in French 251 or 252, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics— This seminar is required of all seniors majoring or minoring in French. Over the term, students will work collaboratively on the various papers they are writing by way of integrating exercises in their major or minor, and the whole class will undertake a number of readings in common in order to provide informed criticism of one another’s papers. Depending on enrollment, the class may also spend part of the semester considering a special topic, author, or genre in French studies. Prerequisite: C- or better in at least one 300-level course in French literature or the equivalent, and permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Kippur

460. Tutorial— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

German Studies

The major in German studies offers an interdisciplinary and interdepartmental approach to the study of the German-speaking world. Its goal is to develop students’ German language skills, to explore German literature both in original German and in translation, and to foster the study of a broad array of subjects in which the influences and contributions of German-speaking peoples are evident, including philosophy, history, religion, art history, performing arts, music, politics, and economics. A background in German studies provides preparation for the exploration of many fields. Knowledge of the German language may also be helpful for graduate study in a number of disciplines of the humanities, the sciences, music, and art history.

Faculty associated with the German studies major: Professors Evelein (German), Butos (economics), Curran (art history), Kassow (history), Kirkpatrick (religion), Platoff (music), Rodriguez (History), Smith (political science), and Vogt (philosophy); Lecturer Goesser Assaiante (German); and Visiting Lecturer Doerre (German).

Students are encouraged to design programs of study that are coherent and meaningful, as well as diverse and innovative. They have to work closely with the adviser in planning their program.

Requirements for the major in German studies

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in the German studies major must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses required for the major, including GRMN 401. The topic for the final project for GRMN 401 will be agreed upon in consultation with the adviser.

Study away—To maximize exposure to German language and culture, students are strongly encouraged to spend at least one semester at the Trinity-approved program of study in Baden-Württemberg or at Trinity’s Global Learning Site in Vienna. Both study-abroad programs provide opportunities for language immersion at a major German university, as well as the chance to pursue independent study or community service while residing in a culturally and historically rich Germanic setting. For more information, visit the Baden-Württemberg Web site at www.ctdhe.org/germany/ or Trinity-in-Vienna at www.trincoll.edu/UrbanGlobal/StudyAway/programs/TrinityPrograms/Vienna/. See also Trinity-in-Berlin summer.

Eligible courses from other departments—Examples of acceptable courses for the German studies major that are taught in other departments or programs are listed below; others may be substituted with the approval of the German studies adviser.

No more than two courses may be chosen from the same department or program.

Students are encouraged to integrate German reading materials into their courses of choice. Monthly meetings with the German studies adviser will be scheduled to discuss German readings and facilitate student interaction within the major.

Language across the Curriculum—German studies majors are encouraged to take advantage of the Language Across the Curriculum opportunity and earn an additional .5 credit toward the major. In collaboration with a member of the department, students may select supplementary readings in German that complement one or more of the courses below. Enrollment in Language across the Curriculum follows the guidelines for independent study registration.

The minor in German—For students who wish to minor in German, this is a sequence of six German courses designed to develop linguistic skills and to give an appreciation of the culture and civilization of German-speaking countries. In addition, the minor will include either a .5-credit Language Across the Curriculum unit or a .5-credit integrating paper, typically written in conjunction with the last course taken for the minor. Courses that count toward the German minor are GRMN 101, 102, 201, 202, any 200-level course taught in English, any 300-level GRMN course. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in German, contact Professor Johannes Evelein. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of German culture are referred to the German studies interdisciplinary minor.

In the major, and in the German minor, students must demonstrate oral and written proficiency by earning the minimum grade of B in one 300-level GRMN course.

German

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary German I— This is a basic four-skill (understanding, speaking, reading, and writing) course with emphasis on developing facility in reading and speaking German within a cultural and historical context. Students with prior German language study must obtain the permission of the instructor. Students taking this course should plan to take German 102 in order to complete the study of essential vocabulary and grammar and to gain practice in speaking and in reading original texts. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein

201. Intermediate German I— This course will aim for intermediate-level proficiency in understanding, speaking, and writing contemporary idiomatic German with emphasis on conversation. Essential grammar review, exercises, and oral reports will be based on the reading and discussion of such materials as edited TV broadcasts, letter-writing, and short essays. Since significant linguistic progress cannot be achieved in 201 alone, students wishing to acquire proficiency should plan to take both 201 and 202 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein

[233. Berlin, Vienna, Prague]— In this course we will peek into the urban souls of Berlin, Vienna, and Prague as we become familiar with some of the many writers, artists, musicians, and filmmakers who have called these cities home. Berlin comes alive in expressionist films and cityscapes, the Berlin literary avant-garde, and the many artistic responses to the Cold War and its most visible reminder: the Berlin Wall. We’ll approach Vienna through Sigmund Freud and Arthur Schnitzler, study Secessionist art by Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele, and accompany modern writers on their wanderings through the city. In Prague we will study Art Nouveau and Art Deco and become acquainted with the city’s most famous writers, Franz Kafka and Milan Kundera. This course is taught in English and is listed as GRMN 233 and LACS 233. It meets the Writing Part II requirement for German Studies majors. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[257. New German Cinema]— This course will examine the rich and varied cinema produced in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1960 and the mid-1980s, otherwise known as New German Cinema. Concurrent with screenings of films by directors such as Wim Wenders, Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Doris Drrie, we will consider the political and historical events that influenced the film industry and aesthetic at this time in Germany. We will also trace the history of film financing, distribution and exhibition in post-WWII West Germany. The themes examined will include, but are not limited to, the relationship between public and private, past and present, the relationship between history and gender, the “German” and the other, the search for a national identity. On completion of this course, students will be able to understand (1) the diverse aesthetic of New German Cinema films, (2) the institutional influences in the development of New German Cinema, (3) the history of West German after 1949, and (4) the different conceptualizations of German identity in different historical and political moments. Directors include R. W. Fassbinder, W. Herzog, W. Wenders, H. Sanders-Brahms, and M. v. Trotta. (GLB) (Enrollment limited)

263. Religion and Spirituality in German Literature from Lessing to Brecht— As far back as the Protestant Reformation, religion has played an important role in shaping German political, cultural and linguistic identity. This course will examine the history of religion in German culture through the lens of literature written before, during and after the “long nineteenth century,” a period in which Germany went from being a European backwater to becoming a major political and economic power. By analyzing literary representations of faith and spirituality, our discussion will seek to illuminate the changing significance and function of religious belief against the backdrop of this broader transformation. We will also consider how such imaginings serve to inspire new paradigms of literary expression. Texts by Lessing, Goethe, Schiller, Schleiermacher, Kleist, Nietzsche, Kafka, Brecht and others. Taught in English. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Walsh

268. Inside the Third Reich: Culture, Politics, and the Everyday in Nazi Germany— What was the Third Reich? Through the examination of various primary and secondary texts, this course takes an in-depth look at life inside Nazi Germany. Themes include the role of propaganda in the media and entertainment industries, Volk, anti-Semitism, race, narratives of the persecuted, the aesthetics of fascism, gender, youth organizations, resistance, and collapse. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

[301. German Literature and Film Since 1945]— Through close readings and comparative discussions of short prose, poetry, and film from 1945 until the present, students will improve their German comprehension (listening as well as reading), speaking, and writing skills. There will be texts from Austria, Switzerland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the former German Democtatic Republic, by authors such as Gnter Grass, Heinrich Bll, Max Frisch, Friedrich Drrenmatt, and Christa Wolf, as well as many well-known poets and film directors. Some grammar review will be offered. All work will be done in German. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202 or equivalent. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

[301. German Fairytales]— Through close readings and comparative discussions of theoretical texts and primary source materials, this course will explore the genre of German language fairytales, with a particular emphasis on the Grimm collection. Readings on the historical context of the fairytale genre, the intersections of fairytales and feminism, and psychoanalytical readings will inform the study of the Brothers Grimm, Andersen, Bechstein, Wolf, and Ende. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202 or equivalent. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

303. German Literature and Film Since 1945— Through close readings and comparative discussions of short prose, poetry, and film from 1945 until the present, students will improve their German comprehension (listening as well as reading), speaking, and writing skills. There will be texts from Austria, Switzerland, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the former German Democtatic Republic, by authors such as Gnter Grass, Heinrich Bll, Max Frisch, Friedrich Drrenmatt, and Christa Wolf, as well as many well-known poets and film directors. Some grammar review will be offered. All work will be done in German. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202 or equivalent. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in German Studies— This interdisciplinary seminar, devoted to guided, individual research, is required of all seniors majoring in German Studies Plan A or Plan B (German as primary language). Each student may work on any aspect of the history, society, or culture of the German-speaking world. Coursework is conducted in German. The grade is based on seminar participation and a research project. Prerequisite: One 300 level German course and permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Evelein

460. Tutorial— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. –Staff

Spring Term

102. Intensive Elementary German II— Continuation of German 101, with completion of the study of essential grammar, further vocabulary building through oral and written practice, practice in reading, and discussions of cultural contexts. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

202. Intermediate German II— Continuation of German 201, with the addition of expository material on German life and culture for discussion and writing practice. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Walsh

[254. Franz Kafka]— In this course we will read short stories, novels, and letters of Kafka with an eye to the artistic and literary trends of his time (expressionism, surrealism, art nouveau), the uniqueness of Kafka’s writing, and his influence upon later writers. Readings include The Judgment, Metamorphosis, and The Trial; we will examine themes such as unappeasable authority, inescapable guilt, and the individual marooned in an incomprehensible and perhaps merciless world. (Listed as both LACS 233-54 and GRMN 233-10.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

259. The Postwar German Film— This course will explore the social and political landscape of postwar Germany from 1945 to the present by looking at a broad range of films from East and West Germany, and Austria, that encompass a wide variety of genres, filmmakers, and movements. The themes examined will include, but not be limited to, the creation of a new cinema after World War II, filmmaking during the Cold War, avant-garde cinema, German history through film, socially critical cinema, and Germany today. Directors will include Wolfgang Staudte, Volker Schlndorff, R.W. Fassbinder, Werner Herzog, Margarethe von Trotta, Fatih Akin, and Christian Petzold. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

[264. Literature and the Law]— In literature and in law, language shapes rhetorical worlds that seek to represent, constitute and interpret the actions of human beings and their world. Therefore, examining how the law is represented in literature gives insight both into how this representation shifts to accommodate historical and cultural differences, and how central the role of narrative is to legal institutions. This course will focus on representations of the law in German-language literature from the late 18th century onward, to examine how literature relates the human condition to law, to other central cultural values (love, honor and justice), and how literature can put the law itself into question. The course will emphasize literary interrogations of National Socialist law, which take up these questions in their most urgent form. Taught in English. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

[265. German History Through Literature and Film]— This course examines German history from 1871 to the present through major works of German literature and film. Special emphasis will be placed on the historical context within which each work was written: the Wilhelmine Empire, World War I, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany, East/West Germany and the Cold War, and Reunification. The objective of the course is twofold: to become familiar with some of the most powerful narratives of modern German literature and film; and to analyze literature and film as windows on social, cultural, and historical processes. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

[266. Marx, Nietzsche, Freud]— This survey of German intellectual history from 1848 to the present will acquaint students with writings of Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, and the many others who shaped subsequent western culture and thought. Drawing upon close readings of excerpts from pivotal works, we will examine the relevance of such works in the matrix of artistic trends and historical circumstances from which they emerge. Short literary pieces (Franz Kafka, Thomas Mann) will be included. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[302. The Weimar Republic]— This course develops students’ skills of literary interpretation, speaking, reading, and writing in the target German language, while concentrating on one of the great eras of cultural production in German history wedged between the two great catastrophes of the twentieth century. In examining an array of texts across disciplines, genres, mediums, and movements, students will gain an in-depth look at the German-speaking world’s own “roaring twenties,” from the moments of economic and political crisis to the time of stabilization and collapse. Course materials will include films, literary texts, music, art, and essays from figures of this era such as Bertolt Brecht, Kurt Weil, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Goebbels, Rosa Luxemburg, Albert Einstein, Fritz Lang and more. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202 or equivalent. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

[302. German Literature from 1700-1900]— This course explores German history and culture through the lens of literature and focuses on the historical period encompassing the aesthetic movements of the Storm and Stress, the Enlightenment, Romanticism, Classicism and Realism. While the focus is on the interpretation of literary texts, secondary readings on history and aesthetic/cultural theory will also be included. Readings include works by Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Stifter, Hauptmann, Rilke and Mann. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202, German 301, or permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

312. German Crime Stories— The crime story, or the Krimi, has long held an esteemed place in the literature of the German-speaking countries. While working on improving students’ speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills in German, this course will introduce students to the world of crime fiction. The materials will include both literary and filmic examples of the Krimi that span a broad period of time. In addition to some works from classic German authors, we will also look at more contemporary examples that include films, television series, and short stories. Prerequisite: C- or better in German 202 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Doerre

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

[401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics in German Studies]— This interdisciplinary seminar, devoted to guided, individual research, is required of all seniors majoring in German Studies Plan A or Plan B (German as primary language). Each student may work on any aspect of the history, society, or culture of the German-speaking world. Coursework is conducted in German. The grade is based on seminar participation and a research project. Prerequisite: One 300 level German course and permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

Hebrew

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Modern Hebrew as their secondary language. Students who do so are required to take five courses in Modern Hebrew beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from the literature and culture offerings (such as modern Israeli culture and modern Israeli literature and heritage).

The minor in Modern Hebrew—For students who wish to minor in Modern Hebrew, this is a sequence of five Hebrew courses: HEBR 101, 102, 201, 202, and 301, designed to develop linguistic skills. To give a deeper and broader appreciation of Israeli culture and civilization, students are required to take a Language Across the Curriculum unit as well as either JWST 220. Modern Israeli Literature and Heritage or JWST 219. Israeli Film and Visual Media. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a minor in Hebrew, contact Lecturer Ayalon. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Jewish culture are referred to the Jewish studies interdisciplinary minor.

Hebrew

Fall Term

101. Elementary Modern Hebrew I— A comprehensive introduction to the basic vocabulary and grammatical rules of Modern Hebrew will be systematically presented and reviewed. Designed to develop a basic ability to read, write, understand, and speak modern Hebrew, this course will also include exposure to appropriate cultural materials. (Also offered under the Middle Eastern studies and Jewish studies programs.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Ayalon

201. Intermediate Modern Hebrew I— This course continues the development of skills in conversation, composition, and reading. Advanced grammar and syntax are introduced, as well as expanded readings from Israeli newspapers and literature. (Also offered under the Middle Eastern studies and Jewish studies programs.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hebrew 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Ayalon

301. Advanced Modern Hebrew I— Emphasis on written essays as well as on comprehension through readings and class discussion of short stories, articles, and poetry. (Also offered under the Middle Eastern studies and Jewish studies programs.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hebrew 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Ayalon

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Elementary Modern Hebrew II— A continuation of Hebrew 101 with emphasis on increasing vocabulary, understanding, writing and speaking skills with widening exposure to appropriate cultural materials. (Also offered under the Middle Eastern studies and Jewish studies programs.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hebrew 101 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Ayalon

202. Intermediate Modern Hebrew II— A continuation of Hebrew 201 with more advanced grammar and increased emphasis on composition and speaking as well as exposure to appropriate cultural materials. (Also offered under the Middle Eastern studies and Jewish studies programs.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hebrew 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Ayalon

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Hispanic Studies

The Plan A major—Plan A majors are required to have a total of 12.5 courses (beyond HISP 202). Students choose between one of two possible tracks: peninsular studies and Latin American studies. The required courses (totaling 9.5 credits) are to be distributed in the following manner: two courses at the 260-level; HISP 270; HISP 280; HISP 290 (0.5); one course on an aspect of Hispanic culture taught by another department (related field); three courses at the 300 level, two of which must be in the student’s chosen subfield; and HISP 401: Senior Seminar. In this final exercise, students will engage theoretical and critical readings around a common theme related to the Spanish-speaking world and require an analytical research paper on a specific topic related to the common theme. (NB: Students in the classes of 2016 and 2017 who declared the major with the expectation of being able to write an individual senior theses under the former HISP 401: Senior Thesis Seminar may petition to write an individual thesis. Please speak with your advisor about this option). The rest of the credits within the major are earned through elective courses. No more than three courses taken abroad are valid for the major. Only one 300-level course taken abroad is valid for the major. All other required courses within the major must be taken with faculty at Trinity’s Hartford campus. Electives could include 221, 224, 226, extra 260-level courses, certain approved courses taken abroad, or extra 300-level courses.

Majors who wish to study abroad are expected to study in one of the official Trinity sites: Trinity-in-Buenos Aires or Trinity-in-Barcelona. We also offer a one-month study abroad experience in Barcelona (see HISP 227). Requests to study elsewhere will be given consideration, and approval will depend on solid academic reasons for requesting an alternative site. All students wishing to receive credit toward the major for courses taken at Trinity’s global sites in Barcelona or Buenos Aires must have taken at least one thematically appropriate (Iberian or Latin American) civilization and culture course (HISP 261, HISP 262, HISP 263, HISP 264) before their departure. Careful planning in coordination with the student’s adviser and the department’s faculty sponsors of the two global sites (Associate Professor Lambright or Assistant Prof. Hubert for Buenos Aires; Professor Harrington for Barcelona) is therefore essential.

Courses taken abroad will generally count as electives or “related fields” credits. Students may request that one upper-level course taken at an approved study-abroad program count toward the required number of 300-level courses.

Students who are unable to study abroad must take an extra 300-level course to substitute for HISP 290.

Approved courses in Portuguese or Catalan may be counted as electives toward the major. Teaching assistant credits may not count toward the major or minor.

Required courses for the Plan A major

Peninsular

Latin American

  

Three electives

Three electives

HISP 261 or 262

HISP 263 or 264

  

(Study abroad, usually in Barcelona)

(Study abroad, usually in Buenos Aires)

HISP 260 series (Open)

HISP 260 series (Open)

HISP 270

HISP 270

HISP 280

HISP 280

HISP 290 (.5 credits)

HISP 290 (.5 credits)

  

One related field course

One related field course

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Peninsular or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 401 (Thesis, Peninsular topic)

HISP 401 (Thesis, Latin American topic)

The Plan B major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is in Hispanic studies are required to take the following courses (totaling 7.5 credits beyond HISP 102): two courses at the 260 level in the track of the student’s choice, HISP 270, HISP 280, HISP 290 (0.5), one course at the 300 level in the track of the student’s choice, one course at the 300 level with a focus on the “other” subfield of the discipline (a transatlantic course may be substituted here), and HISP 401. In this final exercise, if possible, the student will engage in in-depth study of a theme that integrates material from the primary and secondary fields of linguistic and cultural competence. The remaining five credits for the major will be taken in the student’s secondary area of linguistic and cultural competence. Students who do not study abroad in a Spanish-speaking country must take an extra 300-level course to substitute for HISP 290.

Majors whose primary competence is Spanish and who wish to study abroad are expected to study in one of the official Trinity sites: Trinity-in-Buenos Aires or Trinity-in-Barcelona. Requests to study elsewhere will be given consideration and approval will depend on solid academic reasons for requesting an alternative site. All students wishing to receive credit toward the major for courses taken at Trinity’s global sites in Barcelona or Buenos Aires must have taken at least one thematically appropriate (Iberian or Latin American) civilization and culture course (HISP 261, HISP 262, HISP 263, HISP 264) before their departure. Careful planning in coordination with the student’s adviser and the department’s faculty sponsors of the sites is therefore essential.

Requirements for the Plan B major with primary competence in Hispanic studies

Peninsular

Latin American

  

HISP 261

HISP 263

HISP 262

HISP 264

HISP 270

HISP 270

HISP 280

HISP 280

HISP 290 (.5)

HISP 290 (.5)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Peninsular or Transatlantic)

HISP 401 (Thesis)

HISP 401 (Thesis)

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is in Hispanic studies are required to take a total of five courses in Hispanic studies beyond the 202 level. Of these, the following must be taken with faculty at Trinity’s Hartford campus: two courses in civilization and culture and two 300-level courses (one centering on Spain and the other on Latin America). In certain cases, students may request that one upper-level course taken at an approved study-abroad program count toward the required number of 300-level courses. Certain prerequisites for 300-level courses may be waived for Plan B majors with secondary competency in Hispanic studies at instructor’s discretion.

Plan B major with secondary competence in Hispanic studies

Peninsular

Latin American

  

HISP 261 or 262

HISP 263 or 264

HISP 260 series (open)

HISP 260 series (open)

HISP 300 (Peninsular)

HISP 300 (Latin American)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

HISP 300 (Latin American or Transatlantic)

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for students in either the Plan A or plan B Hispanic studies major is fulfilled by HISP 401. Senior Seminar.

The minor in Spanish language—Students who wish to minor in Spanish take 6.5 or 7 credits beyond the HISP 202 level to develop linguistic skills and to incur a deeper understanding of Spanish and Latin American culture and civilization.

The 6.5 credits (at the HISP 221 level and beyond) must be distributed in the following ways:

If a student studies abroad in a Spanish-speaking country, he or she must take:

If the student does not study abroad in a Spanish-speaking country, he or she must take 6.5 or 7 credits distributed as follows:

No course in English under the language and culture studies rubric can be counted toward the course total. No more than two transfer courses (taken abroad or at another institution) may be applied to the Spanish minor.

To declare a minor in Spanish, contact any Hispanic studies faculty member.

Hispanic Studies

Fall Term

101. Elementary Spanish I— Designed to develop a basic ability to read, write, understand, and speak Spanish. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Generally for students with minimal or no previous experience studying Spanish. Students with 3 or more years of pre-college Spanish study will not be allowed to enroll in this course. Any request for exceptions should be addressed to the coordinator of Hispanic Studies. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aldrete

102. Elementary Spanish II— Continuation of Hispanic Studies101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions, and reading comprehension. Generally for students with 2-3 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. Students with 4 or more years of pre-college Spanish study will not be allowed to enroll in this course. Any request for exceptions should be addressed to the coordinator of Hispanic Studies. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic 101 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Flores, Stark

201. Intermediate Spanish I— An intermediate course for those who have had at least three years of secondary school Spanish or one year of college Spanish. A thorough review of grammar combined with oral practice. In addition, there is a strong cultural component and an introduction to reading literary texts. Generally for students with 3-4 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. Students with 5 or more years of pre-college Spanish study will not be allowed to enroll in this course. Any request for exceptions should be addressed to the coordinator of Hispanic Studies. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 102 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Flores, Lebel, Morales

202. Intermediate Spanish II— The review of grammar begun in Hispanic Studies 201 will be completed. In addition, there will be readings and discussion of contemporary Spanish and Spanish American literature, treating varied literary and cultural selections with a view to vocabulary-building and the reinforcement of the principles of grammar and syntax. Emphasis is placed on the development of competence in oral and written expression. Generally for students with 4 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aponte-Aviles

221. Advanced Grammar and Composition— Emphasis on composition work in conjunction with a review of grammar, especially of the more difficult and subtle aspects, together with a consideration of stylistics. The writings of selected modern Hispanic authors will serve as models. Generally for students with 5+ years or equivalent of high school Spanish. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aldrete, Varon Gonzalez

222. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers— An introductory language course designed for English/Spanish bilinguals or students with a strong foundation of Spanish. Along with the fundamental communication skills—understanding, speaking, reading and writing—the course will focus on those features of Portuguese that are most difficult for Spanish speakers: pronunciation, idioms and grammatical structures particular to Portuguese. Students will be introduced to the cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world through readings and authentic materials, including films, music and videotapes. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (Enrollment limited) –Hubert

224. Spanish for Heritage Students— A comprehensive course for bilingual students who demonstrate spoken ability in Spanish but whose formal education has been in English. The course will cover all basic language skills while targeting the particular needs of bilingual students, including accentuation, homonyms, and usage of complex sentence structure. Special emphasis will be placed on reading and writing. Permission of the instructor is required. Prepares students for Hispanic Studies 221 or more advanced Hispanic studies course. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Lambright

226. Iberian and Latin American Film and Conversation— In this course students will analyze landmarks of Spanish/Latin American cinema in terms of social, historical, and cultural questions they raise, as well as in terms of ideological, aesthetic, and cinematographic movements to which they belong. The discussion of films will be conducted in Spanish and will provide an academic forum for the exchange of ideas, interpretations, and critique. Heritage speakers, students who have studied in a Spanish speaking country, or students who have taken a course at a higher level (Hispanic Studies 261 or above) are not eligible to enroll. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Varon Gonzalez

261. Iberian Culture I (Middle Ages to the 19th Century)— The course is designed to provide a broad understanding of the primary cultural dynamics of the Iberian Peninsula from the Middle Ages to the 19th century. We will pay special attention to the more important cultural developments during this crucial era of Spanish history. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Varon Gonzalez

263. Latin American Culture I (Pre-Columbian Era to Enlightenment)— This course examines the history, societies, and cultures of the various regions that today are known as Latin America. The course moves from the major pre-Columbian civilizations, through the first encounter between Europe and these peoples, the subsequent conquest and colonization, and the first manifestations of the desire for independence. The course will concentrate specifically on how the peoples of these various regions and periods explored their social and political concerns through art, literature, and music. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aponte-Aviles

270. Introduction to Cultural Analysis— This course serves as a transition to advanced courses in Spanish language, culture, and literature. Students will develop analytical skills through an intense exploration of cultural production in the Hispanic world and through an examination of diverse literary genres, film, and current events. The focus will be on improving the necessary linguistic and critical thinking skills that are the fundamental foundation for literary and cultural analysis in advanced Spanish study. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221 or 224, or permission of instructor. (GLB) (Enrollment limited) –Melendez

290. Studying in the Hispanic World Colloquium— This course is designed to provide students returning from study abroad in Barcelona, Santiago, Cordoba, and other Spanish-speaking venues (summer, semester, or year-long programs) with a forum within which they can share, compare, and process analytically and historically the difficulties, conflicts, absences, and discoveries that they experienced in their time abroad. They will then be asked to investigate how these experiences have affected their view of the social and cultural norms of U.S. culture. (Prerequisite: Study abroad in an approved program in a Spanish-speaking country.) (0.5 course credit) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Lambright

[328. Iberian Film]— In this course we will examine the relationship between history and film in Spain, one of the world’s most important film-producing countries. Until quite recently, cinematic production there was marked by a general tendency to promote the primacy of Castilian culture and Church-derived social mores through the production of historicist narratives. Since the country’s transition to democracy, a much more plural and heterodix cinematic tradition has taken root in the country. While still very much engaged with history, this new tradition promotes a broader view of the country’s religious, sexual and linguistic heritage. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[335. Misplaced/Displaced Narratives in Latin America]— What makes a novel “Latin American”? In this course we will study novels produced in Latin America in the last three decades that deal with topics, characters and settings that have little relation to the immediate reality of the continent. By questioning the imperative for national allegory assigned to the novel from the periphery of the West, we will explore notions of referentiality, language and representation and we will try to work out the geopolitics of the genre in the context of globalization, translation and world literature. Among others, we will read works by César Aira, Mario Bellatin, Bernardo Carvalho, Chico Buarque and Santiago Gamboa. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

337. 21st Century Latin American Film— This course examines the most current trends, movements, and themes in Latin American film from 2000 to the present. We contemplate how contemporary film produced in Latin America or abroad, by Latin American directors, explores such topics as transitional justice and human rights, violence, urbanism, identity issues, and globalization, through films produced in traditional film hotbeds (Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico), as well as emerging film industries. We will also look closely at key filmmakers whose significant body of work is garnering worldwide attention (Cuarn, Gonzlez Irritu, Laran, Llosa, Reygadas). In an era of intense global interaction and international intervention in filmmaking , we ponder what it means to be a “Latin American” filmmaker and to make a “Latin American” film. Course taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Lambright

[344. Spanish American Historical Novel]— How is history portrayed in literature? How may literature be used to search for a greater, or alternative, historical “truths”? How might historical events be used to contemplate more intimate concerns and problems? These and other questions will be explored as this class examines some of the many historical novels produced both at the beginning of the 20th century and today in Latin America. We will study how authors use history to explore problems of narration, gender, sexuality, ethnicity, subjectivity, and the nation. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

345. Special Topics: Fictions of China in Latin America— China and Latin America have for long exchanged peoples, and together with that, political ideologies, artistic sensibilities, and cultural imaginaries. By scrutinizing a variety of sources (fiction, travel writing, poetry, journalism, cinema, painting, documentary film and comics) from Hispanic America and Brazil, this course proposes an interdisciplinary approach to representations of China in Latin America. Along with the reading of literary, historical and anthropological texts we will consider how discourses of globalization and the Global South help us frame the discussion of cultural difference and explore constructions of Asian spaces from a Latin American point of view. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (Enrollment limited) –Hubert

[375. War, Truth Commissions, and Cultural Production in Latin America]— This course will look at the role of cultural production in transitional justice efforts, taking as case studies Truth Commission endeavors in four Latin American countries (Argentina, Chile, Guatemala and Peru). We will study how film, theater, literature, and the visual arts explore moments of violent civil conflict and contest dominant narratives of truth-finding and reconciliation. How does a society use cultural artifacts as archives of memory and a means of collectively processing traumatic events? How do violence and terror change a national culture, and key concepts such as national identity and citizenship? In considering these questions, we examine key theoretical frameworks for understanding cultural production in times of extreme social violence and articulating a poetics of crisis, trauma, and recovery. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

[401. Senior Seminar]— Required for graduation with a major in Spanish (Plan A) or Plan B with Spanish as primary language. In this final exercise, students will engage theoretical and critical readings around a common theme related to the Spanish-speaking world and will write a 25-page analytical research paper on a specific topic related to the common theme. This course is open to seniors only. (WEB) (Enrollment limited)

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Elementary Spanish II— Continuation of Hispanic Studies101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions, and reading comprehension. Generally for students with 2-3 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. Students with 4 or more years of pre-college Spanish study will not be allowed to enroll in this course. Any request for exceptions should be addressed to the coordinator of Hispanic Studies. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic 101 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Flores

201. Intermediate Spanish I— An intermediate course for those who have had at least three years of secondary school Spanish or one year of college Spanish. A thorough review of grammar combined with oral practice. In addition, there is a strong cultural component and an introduction to reading literary texts. Generally for students with 3-4 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. Students with 5 or more years of pre-college Spanish study will not be allowed to enroll in this course. Any request for exceptions should be addressed to the coordinator of Hispanic Studies. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 102 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Morales

202. Intermediate Spanish II— The review of grammar begun in Hispanic Studies 201 will be completed. In addition, there will be readings and discussion of contemporary Spanish and Spanish American literature, treating varied literary and cultural selections with a view to vocabulary-building and the reinforcement of the principles of grammar and syntax. Emphasis is placed on the development of competence in oral and written expression. Generally for students with 4 years or equivalent of high school Spanish. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Flores, Varon Gonzalez

221. Advanced Grammar and Composition— Emphasis on composition work in conjunction with a review of grammar, especially of the more difficult and subtle aspects, together with a consideration of stylistics. The writings of selected modern Hispanic authors will serve as models. Generally for students with 5+ years or equivalent of high school Spanish. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aldrete, Melendez

[222. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers]— An introductory language course designed for English/Spanish bilinguals or students with a strong foundation of Spanish. Along with the fundamental communication skills—understanding, speaking, reading and writing—the course will focus on those features of Portuguese that are most difficult for Spanish speakers: pronunciation, idioms and grammatical structures particular to Portuguese. Students will be introduced to the cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world through readings and authentic materials, including films, music and videotapes. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (Enrollment limited)

223. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers II— The second part of the introductory language course designed for English/Spanish bilinguals or students with a strong foundation of Spanish. Along with the fundamental communication skills—understanding, speaking, reading and writing—the course will focus on those features of Portuguese that are most difficult for Spanish speakers: pronunciation, idioms and grammatical structures particular to Portuguese. Students will be introduced to the cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world through readings and authentic materials, including films, music and videotapes. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 222 or permission of instructor (Enrollment limited) –Hubert

226. Iberian and Latin American Film and Conversation— In this course students will analyze landmarks of Spanish/Latin American cinema in terms of social, historical, and cultural questions they raise, as well as in terms of ideological, aesthetic, and cinematographic movements to which they belong. The discussion of films will be conducted in Spanish and will provide an academic forum for the exchange of ideas, interpretations, and critique. Heritage speakers, students who have studied in a Spanish speaking country, or students who have taken a course at a higher level (Hispanic Studies 261 or above) are not eligible to enroll. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aldrete

[233. Latin American Literature and Film in Translation]— This course is aimed at a broad and general audience. No knowledge of Spanish is required. Taught in English this survey course introduces students to a set of key Latin American literary works of the 19th and 20th century, from various areas (the Caribbean, Mexico, Latinos in the U.S./the border, Central America, South America, the Southern Cone), of various kinds (novels, short novels, short stories, essays, testimonies, collages, etc.) and reflecting on a variety of social and cultural issues (depicting/ordering/making sense of reality, storytelling, mythmaking, constructing the nation, neo-colonialism, fascism, revolution, human rights, exile, border-culture, race, ethnicity, gender). Students wishing to count this course toward a major in Spanish should secure permission of the instructor. They will complete their assignments in Spanish and will meet with the instructor in supplementary sessions. (Listed as both Language and Cultural Studies 233-11 and Hispanic Studies 233-01; and under the Latin American and Caribbean Studies program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[245. Latin American Film and Human Rights]— This course has the dual purpose of examining important human rights issues in Latin America and questioning the role of film in making visible, critiquing, or even sustaining the structures that lead to human rights violations. We will study specific human rights issues tackled by filmmakers in Latin America, such as cultural rights, gender and sexuality rights, economic rights, environmental issues, and war and state terror. Furthermore, we will discuss specific film schools and movements that developed to address human rights issues in diverse Latin American contexts. Finally, we will look at how Latin American films work the international human rights film festival circuit, and the ethical and practical implications of filming local human rights issues for international audiences. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

262. Iberian Culture II (The 20th Century)— This course introduces students to the set of cultural problems that have shaped Spain’s contemporary development. It will do so through the study of novels, films, and historical narrative. Special emphasis given to the cultural history of the Franco years (1939-1975) and the country’s more recent transition to democracy (1975-1992). Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Harrington

264. Latin American Culture II (Independence to Present Day)— This course focuses on the social, political, economic, and cultural development of the Latin American nations. Emphasis will be on to the construction of national identities during the 19th century as well as main historic-political events of the 20th century. Discussions will be based on readings, documentaries, and feature films. Latin American newspapers on the Internet are used to inform our debates of current events. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aponte-Aviles

270. Introduction to Cultural Analysis— This course serves as a transition to advanced courses in Spanish language, culture, and literature. Students will develop analytical skills through an intense exploration of cultural production in the Hispanic world and through an examination of diverse literary genres, film, and current events. The focus will be on improving the necessary linguistic and critical thinking skills that are the fundamental foundation for literary and cultural analysis in advanced Spanish study. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221 or 224, or permission of instructor. (GLB) (Enrollment limited) –Melendez

280. Hispanic Hartford— This course seeks to place Trinity students in active and informed dialogue with the Hartford region’s large and diverse set of Spanish-speaking communities. The course will help student recognize and analyze the distinct national histories (e.g. Peruvian, Puerto Rican, Chilean, Honduran, Cuban, Colombian, and Mexican) which have contributed to the Hispanic diaspora in the city and the entire northeastern region of the United States. Students will undertake field projects designed to look at the effects of transnational migration on urban culture, institution-building, and identity formation. (Also offered under the Latin American and Caribbean studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) This course has a community learning component. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 221 or 224, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Aponte-Aviles

290. Studying in the Hispanic World Colloquium— This course is designed to provide students returning from study abroad in Barcelona, Santiago, Cordoba, and other Spanish-speaking venues (summer, semester, or year-long programs) with a forum within which they can share, compare, and process analytically and historically the difficulties, conflicts, absences, and discoveries that they experienced in their time abroad. They will then be asked to investigate how these experiences have affected their view of the social and cultural norms of U.S. culture. (Prerequisite: Study abroad in an approved program in a Spanish-speaking country.) (0.5 course credit) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Harrington

[319. The Stylistics of Violence: Discourses and Narratives of Violence in the Hispanic World]— This course analyzes the various ways in which the Hispanic world narrates violence. Special attention will be given to the relationship between violence and cultural production, from the colonial period through modern day Latin America and Spain. The required texts problematize and re-signify the notion of violence as perceived and represented by marginalized, peripheral, and subaltern communities throughout the Spanish-speaking world. The class will draw from texts across a wide range of genres, including traditional literature—novels, essays, poetry, short fiction—as well as from other forms of cultural discourse—film, documentaries, testimonial literature, performance art, graffiti, and tattoos. Course assessment will hinge on in-class participation, weekly orientation questions, in-class group presentations, and out-of-class essays. We will conduct the class primarily in Spanish. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (Enrollment limited)

[320. Emigration and Transatlantic “Cultural Commerce”]— Since the middle of the 19th century, the Iberian nations have produced a constant stream of emigrants to the Americas. The new arrivals from Spain and Portugal have often exercised significant influence on the development of their countries of adoption. Similarly, the channels of communication opened by these emigrants to the New World have allowed citizens from countries such as Argentina, Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela, and the United States to play important roles in the development of contemporary Spanish and Portuguese life. After studying the prime “push” and “pull” factors in these transatlantic emigrations, we will examine literary, cinematic, and artistic manifestations of this transatlantic “cultural commerce” during the contemporary era. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

342. Latin American Theater— This course explores the development of twentieth and twenty first-century Latin American theater as it becomes more experimental, independent, and self-reflexive in dialogue with social, political, performative, and aesthetic issues. This frequently transgressive conversation deals with non-Aristotelian theatrical forms in both Europe and Latin America, such as Brechtian Theater, the theater of cruelty, “teatro campesino,” “teatro colectivo,” and Theater of the Oppressed. Latin American theater often features issues of class, race, exile, repression and oppression, violence, marginality, and also ironic and devastating humor as it searches not necessarily for solutions but for the unmasking of multiple and contradictory realities. Discussion topics can include: Politics, Violence, and Memory; Theater of Exile; Historical Theater; Sex and Politics; Torture and Performance; Humor and Politics. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB) (Enrollment limited) –Melendez

[345. Special Topics: Cervantes, Goya, Buuel]— An in-depth study of the works of three Spanish iconoclasts, focused on their explorations of the critical potential of art and of the role of the artist in the society of the spectacle. Special emphasis will be placed on the ways in which fiction, painting, and cinema each give expression to skepticism about the premises of modern, enlightened, and capitalist ideology. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

345. Special Topic— To be offered occasionally on a special topic of consideration in Spanish American or Iberian literatures and cultures. Prerequisite: C- or better in Hispanic Studies 270 and one of the following: Hispanic Studies 261, 262, 263, or 264, or permission of instructor. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Varon Gonzalez

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

401. Senior Seminar— Required for graduation with a major in Spanish (Plan A) or Plan B with Spanish as primary language. In this final exercise, students will engage theoretical and critical readings around a common theme related to the Spanish-speaking world and will write a 25-page analytical research paper on a specific topic related to the common theme. This course is open to seniors only. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Hubert

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Italian Studies

The Plan A major—For a major under this plan, students must earn credit for 12 courses in Italian language, literature, and civilization.

The following is a list of required courses for the major:

In consultation with the faculty adviser in Italian, students matriculating at Trinity College who have background in Italian language will enroll at a more advanced level than first-year Italian (101 and 102). Students must take three interdisciplinary courses on Italian culture and civilization and three literature survey courses to complete the required 12 courses.

The Plan B major—If Italian is the primary language, students are required to take seven courses, including ITAL 228, a 300-level literary survey, and ITAL 401. Special Topics.

If Italian is the secondary language, students are required to take five courses. ITAL 228 is required. For students with prior background in Italian, at least one 300-level survey course is required.

All majors (Plan A and Plan B, both categories) are required to pass an Italian language proficiency examination. This requirement is waived for students gaining a B or better in one of the Italian 300-level courses.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the Plan A or Plan B major in Italian is fulfilled by: ITAL 333-01. Dante (also LACS 333-12), ITAL 314. Contemporary Italian Literature (in Italian), or ITAL 401. Senior Seminar: Topics in Italian Studies (in Italian).

To declare a major in Italian, contact Professor Dario Del Puppo.

Students majoring in Italian are encouraged to attend one of the programs at the Trinity College Rome Campus; they can apply courses taken at the Rome Campus toward the Italian major subject to approval of the faculty adviser. Please see the Rome Campus program and course descriptions in the global programs section.

Advanced Placement—Students with Advanced Placement credit in Italian may count AP credit toward general degree requirements, but not for the Italian major or the Italian minor. AP credit serves as an indicator for placing students in the appropriate level courses.

Honors—Students qualifying for honors in the Italian major must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including ITAL 401.

The Minor in Italian—For students who wish to minor in Italian, this is a sequence of six courses designed primarily to develop linguistic skills and an appreciation of Italian culture and civilization. These courses include, but are not limited to, the language acquisition courses (ITAL 101, 102, 201, 202), ITAL 228. Italian Language and Society, and literary survey courses. In consultation with the minor adviser, Dario Del Puppo, students may also count culture and civilization courses taught in English if they do a significant amount of the course work in Italian. In addition to the six courses, students must complete a .5 credit of Language Across the Curriculum.

To declare a minor in Italian, contact Professor Dario Del Puppo. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Italian culture are referred to the Italian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Italian Studies

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary Italian I— Designed to develop a basic ability to read, write, understand, and speak Italian. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Other than beginning students must have the permission of the instructor. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Albanese, King, Staff

102. Intensive Elementary Italian II— Continuation of 101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions and reading comprehension. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –King, di Florio Gula

201. Intermediate Italian I: Conversation and Composition— A review of basic grammar learned in the first-year intensive Italian courses (101 and 102) is integrated with oral and writing practice on topics intended to introduce students to contemporary Italian culture. There will be readings of short stories, newspaper, and magazine articles, viewings of film and video presentations, and weekly compositions and other writing assignments. In order to achieve competence in Italian, students should plan to take 201 and 202 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –di Florio Gula

228. Italian Language and Society— This course will examine the relationship between language and society in contemporary Italy and in countries with high levels of Italian migration, while also developing students’ linguistic skills. Topics include: geographical, class, and generational differences in language, the effects of mass media on language, and the Italian of immigrants to the United States. As part of their coursework, students will conduct interviews with Italian Americans in the Hartford area. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –di Florio Gula

[233. Mafia]— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[236. Modern Italy]— An introduction to modern Italy, through discussion of outstanding works of history, social science, film, and literature. Topics include the unification of Italy, the sharp changes in relations between church and state, the Great Emigration, Fascism, modernization, the Sicilian mafia, and the persistence of regional divisions. All work is done in English. Students who wish to count this course toward a major in Italian should request permission of the instructor. They will complete their assignments in Italian and will meet with the instructor in supplementary sessions. (Listed as both LACS 236 and ITAL 236-01; and under the History Department.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

272. Mafia— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Alcorn

[333. Dante: The Divine Comedy]— An intensive study of the Divine Comedy (in translation) with particular emphasis on the historical and aesthetic significance of this ’summa.’ Students wishing to count this course toward a major in Italian should receive permission of the instructor. (Listed as both LACS 335 and ITAL 335.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

335. Dante: The Divine Comedy— An intensive study of the Divine Comedy (in translation) with particular emphasis on the historical and aesthetic significance of this ’summa.’ Students wishing to count this course toward a major in Italian should receive permission of the instructor. (Listed as both LACS 335 and ITAL 335.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Del Puppo

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

101. Intensive Elementary Italian I— Designed to develop a basic ability to read, write, understand, and speak Italian. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Other than beginning students must have the permission of the instructor. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –King, Palma

102. Intensive Elementary Italian II— Continuation of 101, emphasizing oral practice, consolidation of basic grammar skills, compositions and reading comprehension. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –King, di Florio Gula

201. Intermediate Italian I: Conversation and Composition— A review of basic grammar learned in the first-year intensive Italian courses (101 and 102) is integrated with oral and writing practice on topics intended to introduce students to contemporary Italian culture. There will be readings of short stories, newspaper, and magazine articles, viewings of film and video presentations, and weekly compositions and other writing assignments. In order to achieve competence in Italian, students should plan to take 201 and 202 in sequence. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Palma

[202. Intermediate Italian II: Composition and Literature]— The review of grammar begun in Italian 201 will be completed in this course. Students’ oral and writing skills will be enhanced by further exploration of aspects of Italian culture, through a variety of texts and media. While emphasizing students’ communication skills, this course aims to provide them with the basis for linguistic competence in Italian. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[272. Mafia]— In contemporary societies there is an intimate contest between two kinds of social order: The rule of law and criminal organization. A remarkable instance may be found in the workings and metamorphoses of the Mafia. From its origins in Sicily, an agrarian society on the periphery of Europe, the Mafia has acquired intercontinental dimensions and a grip on high politics and finance capital. This shadowy phenomenon has been approached and explained in very different ways by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, and political scientists. It has also been the subject of literature and film. We shall discuss outstanding examples of each approach and treatment. The purposes of the course are to make sense of the Mafia, to explore a basic problem of social order and to compare the different styles of reasoning and representation that characterize the various disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. Course requirements: seminar reports, several short papers, and full attendance and participation. (Listed as both LACS 272 and ITAL 272.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

274. Food in Italian History, Society, and Art— The saying, “A tavola non s’invecchia” (“One does not age at the supper table”), expresses the importance of food and eating for Italians. In this course, we will examine the relationship between food and culture in Italy, from the Romans to the present, through a variety of readings and tasting experiences. Topics include: the importing and exporting of different foods in antiquity as an instance of cultural and economic exchange; medieval beliefs about intellectual and physical aptitudes associated with diet; the representation of food in art, literature, and cinema; regional cuisines and cultural identities; and the language of food. We will also discuss Italian and Italian-American cuisine as the reflection of related, yet very different, cultures. Students may opt to undertake a Community Learning Initiative in consultation with the course instructor. (Listed as both LACS 274 and ITAL 274.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Del Puppo

290. Italian Cinema: Fiction and Film— A study and discussion of Italian cinema from neorealism to the present. The course will cover both formal and thematic trends in the films of the noted postwar Italian directors Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, and Luchino Visconti. The course will also consider the trend away from reliance on literary texts toward the development of personal expressions by such author/directors as Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, Lina Wertmller, Paolo and Vittorio Taviani, Maurizio Nichetti, and others. Film screenings will be in Italian with English subtitles. Lectures and coursework will be in English. Students wishing to apply this course toward the major in Italian must secure permission of the instructor. They will complete their assignments in Italian and meet with the instructor in supplementary sessions. Faithful attendance is required. (Listed as both LACS 290 and ITAL 290.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –King

314. Contemporary Italian Literature— A critical reading of selected novels, short stories, poetry, and plays from the turn of the 20th century to the present. Authors include: Pirandello, Svevo, Aleramo, Montale, Ungaretti, Morante, Calvino, Petrignani, Fo, and other contemporary authors. Emphasis is on the historical and cultural context of the works and on recent trends in Italian literature. Topics include: literature during both world wars and under Fascism, modernism and postmodernism in literature, contemporary women writers, and the role of Italian intellectuals in society. All work is done in Italian. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –di Florio Gula

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

401. Senior Seminar: Topics in Italian Studies— This seminar is required of all seniors majoring in Italian: Plan A, Plan B (Italian as primary language.) An interdisciplinary seminar devoted to guided, individual research. Each student may work on any aspect of the history, society, or culture of Italy or of Italians in other lands. Coursework is conducted in Italian. The grade is based on seminar participation and a research project. Prerequisites: At least one 300-level course in Italian literature or equivalent and permission of the instructor. Prerequisite: C- or better in Italian 228 or equivalent. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –di Florio Gula

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Japanese

The Plan B major—Students choosing a Plan B major in language and culture studies may elect Japanese as either their primary or secondary language. Students who choose Japanese as the primary language are required to take seven courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Japanese literature and culture (INTS 236 and above), and JAPN 401. Special Topic in East Asian Literatures. Two courses in a cognate field or fields are also required, as is a paper linking some aspect(s) of the two languages and the cognates; this paper must be completed in JAPN 401.

Students who choose Japanese as the secondary language are required to take five courses beyond the 101 level, including at least one course from offerings in Japanese literature and culture (JAPN 211 and above).

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for a Japanese Plan B major is fulfilled by JAPN 401. Senior Seminar: Special Topics (in Japanese).

The minor in Japanese—For students who wish to minor in Japanese, this is a sequence of five courses beyond JAPN 101 designed to develop linguistic skills as well as a basic understanding of Japanese culture and society. In addition, the minor will include another credit to be fulfilled through either a .5 credit Language Across the Curriculum unit, one semester of teaching assistantship, or a .5 credit integrating paper, typically written in conjunction with the last course taken for the minor. The five courses should be chosen from JAPN 102, 201, 202, 311, 312, 411 , 412, and INTS 236. No more than one transfer credit may be applied to the minor.

To declare a major or minor in Japanese, contact Principal Lecturer Rieko Wagoner. Students interested in cross-disciplinary approaches to the study of Asian cultures are referred to the Asian studies interdisciplinary minor.

Japanese

Fall Term

101. Intensive Elementary Japanese I— Designed to develop fundamental skill in both spoken and written modern Japanese. About 200 characters will be learned. Since all linguistic skills cannot be fully developed in 101 alone, stress will be placed on the acquisition of basic structures, which it will be the function of 102 to develop and reinforce. Students who wish to acquire significant proficiency should therefore plan to take both 101 and 102 in sequence. Four hours of classwork, plus one required drill hour. Students with prior background in Japanese must have the permission of the instructor. (Also offered under the Asian studies program.) (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

201. Intensive Intermediate Japanese I— This course emphasizes the continued development of skill in spoken and written Japanese. Students will read more advanced texts, practice conversation, and be introduced to additional characters. In order to secure maximum proficiency, students should plan to take both 201 and 202 in sequence. Four hours of classwork, plus one required drill hour. (Also offered under the Asian studies program.) Prerequisite: Japanese 102 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Miyazaki

311. Advanced Readings in Japanese I— This course aims at building students’ skills and speed in reading Japanese. It will draw materials from primary sources in various genres such as novels, poems, newspapers, essays, and instructional materials. Students will develop sentence analysis strategies as well as expand their knowledge of advanced vocabulary and kanji. An appropriate level of oral communication skill is required. (Since the content of this course varies from year to year to focus on the most contemporary materials, students may enroll for credit more than once.)(Also offered under the Asian studies program.) Prerequisite: Japanese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

[312. Advanced Spoken Japanese I]— This course aims to develop students’ listening and speaking skills in Japanese. The first half of the course focuses on basic tasks and social situations covered in Japanese 101 through Japanese 202, bringing students’ performance to a more natural and practical level. The latter half will introduce new conversational strategies and diverse topics and situations mostly drawn from current and culture-specific topics. (Since the content of this course varies from year to year to focus on the most contemporary materials, students may enroll for credit more than once.) Prerequisite: Japanese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

411. Advanced Reading in Japanese II— The course aims at further training in reading Japanese above JAPN 311. Students will read a variety of materials taken mostly from primary sources, such as novels, news articles, instructions, etc., at an accelerated rate. The goal is to develop speed, accuracy, and efficiency in students’ reading skills in Japanese. Class activities focus on analyzing the given texts and translation them into English. A total accumulation of kanji is expected to be 1,100-1,200. Prerequisite: C- or better in Japanese 311. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Spring Term

102. Intensive Elementary Japanese II— Continuation of Japanese 101, with increased emphasis on conversational practice. An additional 120 characters will be learned. Students are expected to master most of the spoken patterns by the end of the semester. Four hours of class work, plus one required drill hour. (Also offered under the Asian studies program.) Prerequisite: Japanese 101 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

202. Intensive Intermediate Japanese II— Continuation of Japanese 201, with further emphasis on written and spoken development of the current idiom. Four hours of classwork, plus one required drill hour. (Also offered under the Asian studies program.) Prerequisite: Japanese 201 or equivalent. (1.5 course credits) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Miyazaki

236. Japanese Crime Literature and Film— This course examines major works of Japanese crime literature and film from the works of Edogawa Rampo, known as the father of crime fiction in Japan, to those of contemporary writers to explore social and moral issues reflected in them. While Japanese writers and filmmakers of this genre readily acknowledge Western influences, the literary and cinematic explorations of crime in Japan have also developed ona trajectory of their own, producing works that are easily distinguishable from those of other cultures. The course will also consider the mixing of the crime genre with others, such as ghost and science fiction genres. Works studied in this course include those of Edogawa Rampo, Akira Kurosawa, Miyuki Miyabe, Seicho Matsumoto, and Kobo Abe, as well as yakuza movies. Readings and discussion in English. (GLB) (Enrollment limited) –Shen

[311. Advanced Readings in Japanese I]— This course aims at building students’ skills and speed in reading Japanese. It will draw materials from primary sources in various genres such as novels, poems, newspapers, essays, and instructional materials. Students will develop sentence analysis strategies as well as expand their knowledge of advanced vocabulary and kanji. An appropriate level of oral communication skill is required. (Since the content of this course varies from year to year to focus on the most contemporary materials, students may enroll for credit more than once.)(Also offered under the Asian studies program.) Prerequisite: Japanese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

312. Advanced Spoken Japanese I— This course aims to develop students’ listening and speaking skills in Japanese. The first half of the course focuses on basic tasks and social situations covered in Japanese 101 through Japanese 202, bringing students’ performance to a more natural and practical level. The latter half will introduce new conversational strategies and diverse topics and situations mostly drawn from current and culture-specific topics. (Since the content of this course varies from year to year to focus on the most contemporary materials, students may enroll for credit more than once.) Prerequisite: Japanese 202 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

[411. Advanced Reading in Japanese II]— The course aims at further training in reading Japanese above JAPN 311. Students will read a variety of materials taken mostly from primary sources, such as novels, news articles, instructions, etc., at an accelerated rate. The goal is to develop speed, accuracy, and efficiency in students’ reading skills in Japanese. Class activities focus on analyzing the given texts and translation them into English. A total accumulation of kanji is expected to be 1,100-1,200. Prerequisite: C- or better in Japanese 311. (HUM) (Enrollment limited)

412. Advanced Spoken Japanese II— This course is also listed under Asian Studies in the International Studies Program. The aim of this course is to further students’ acquisition of listening and speaking skills in Japanese through study and discussion of films, TV shows, and other audio-visual sources. It aims to enhance students’ ability to express their personal responses and opinions, while exposing them to more culturally specific concepts and topics. Prerequisite: C- or better in Japanese 312. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Wagoner

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

Linguistics

Spring Term

Russian

The Plan A Major—Plan A majors are required to complete 12 credits in Russian as follows:

Credit acquired through the Language Across the Curriculum program may also count toward the cognate requirement. Students who begin Russian in their sophomore year are encouraged to do summer work off campus at an approved program.

The Plan B Major—Plan B majors whose primary concentration is Russian are required to complete nine courses in Russian, as follows:

Plan B majors whose secondary concentration is Russian are required to complete seven courses in Russian, as follows:

Please note that some aspect of Russian literature or culture must be an integral part of the senior exercise required for the student’s primary concentration.

All Russian majors (Plan A and Plan B) are required to pass the department’s Russian language proficiency examination.

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement for the Plan A or Plan B Russian major is fulfilled by RUSS 302. Russian Narrative Prose (in Russian), or RUSS 401. Senior Seminar (in Russian).

Honors—To qualify for honors in the Russian major students must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including RUSS 401.

The Minor in Russian—The minor in Russian develops linguistic skills as well as an appreciation of Russian culture and civilization. Students take a sequence of six courses. Normally these courses will be RUSS 101, 102, 201, and 202, plus two of the following courses: RUSS 210, 221, 222, or a literature course taught in Russian. No course taught in English under the language and culture studies rubric may be counted toward the minor.

Russian

Fall Term

101. Elementary Russian I— This course for beginners emphasizes active command of Russian through speaking, listening, reading, and writing. A web component enhances knowledge of the living language and illustrates cultural differences. This class meets three hours a week and carries one credit. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Lahti

201. Intermediate Russian I— In this course students will gain intermediate proficiency in understanding, speaking, reading, and writing Russian. They will learn how to express themselves in Russian through regular conversation practice on topics such as the world of Russian emotions, love and marriage, music and entertainment, and other practical subjects. They will read real Russian literary texts and learn to write about their thoughts and opinions. They will learn about Russian culture by direct experience, including working with the Russian Internet. Students who take this and the next course in the series, Russian 202, will be ready to go on a study abroad program in Russia. Conducted in Russian. (Also listed under the Russian and Eurasian studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 102 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Any

[270. Russian Poetry]— Readings in Russian poetry, including verse of the Golden and Silver Ages (the nineteenth century through 1920). Texts will be discussed from the viewpoint of their aesthetic and historical significance. Students will become familiar with the classics of Russian poetry while also developing the critical skills of being able to analyze poetry linguistically and write about it. Stylistic analysis will refine students’ knowledge of grammar; extensive discussion of texts will enhance oral proficiency. All readings and discussion in Russian. Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

285. Love, Sex, and War in Tolstoy— This course offers a detailed and varied exploration of Tolstoy’s greatest fiction. Writer and prophet, aristocrat and socialist, moralist and hedonist, Tolstoy contained a bundle of contradictions in a mind of artistic genius. As we seek to uncover the aesthetic workings of his stories and novels, we will have ample opportunity to discuss the subjects of these works—romantic love, sexual expression, family life, war as military theory and as human experience, and the individual’s search for meaning in relation to the works themselves and to our own lives. Tolstoy’s youth, military service, marriage, religious conversion, and contentious relations with those around him will be discussed in connection with his literary art. (Listed as both LACS 233-82 and RUSS 233-07; under the Russian and Eurasian studies concentration of the International Studies Program; and under the Women, Gender, and Sexuality Program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Any

[301. Russian through Literature and Film]— This course contains two segments. In one segment students strengthen their grammar and vocabulary through reading authentic literary texts. The other segment improves listening comprehension through the viewing of a Russian film. Students will view the film in installments, using video technology to replay scenes as often as necessary to achieve comprehension. Homework assignments will include film viewing in the video lab. Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 221 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

305. Russian Culture and Civilization— An exploration of recurring themes in Russian culture through the examination of prose fiction, poetry, theater, film and the visual arts. Emphasis will be placed on canonical works to give students a foundation in the Russian tradition. Since cultural continuity needs to be studied in the context of cultural change, we will simultaneously do an overview of important moments in Russian history from the eighteenth through the twentieth centuries. Students will write a paper every week about an aspect of Russian culture as it appears in the works we are examining. All reading, writing and discussion will be in Russian. Prerequisite: Russian 222 or permission of the instructor. (This course is also offered under the Russian and Eurasian Studies program.) (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Lahti

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (1 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairperson are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

497. Senior Thesis— –Staff

Spring Term

102. Elementary Russian II— A continuation of Russian 101. Students increase their speaking, reading and writing ability through vocabulary building and learning further grammar structures. This class meets three hours a week and carries one credit. Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 101 or equivalent. (HUM) (Enrollment limited) –Lahti

202. Intermediate Russian II— A continuation of Russian 201 in which students will develop a proficiency in Russian that will be adequate for most practical purposes. They will continue to develop their ability to converse on topics such as computers and work, dating, talking about nature, and others. They will start reading and discussing more complex literary and journalistic texts, including works by classic Russian authors. Regular writing assignments will help reinforce what they are learning. Students will continue their examination of the many sides of Russian culture, including Russian etiquette, gesture, music, television, film, etc. Successful completion of this course gives students the Russian they need in order to go to Russia for work or study. Conducted in Russian. (Also listed under the Russian and Eurasian Studies concentration of the International Studies Program.) Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 201 or equivalent. (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Lahti

[302. Russian Narrative Prose]— Intensive study of traditional or contemporary Russian texts. Weekly reading assignments will be supplemented by oral reports, literary analysis, and exercises in translation. Students will play a significant role in leading class discussion. All readings and discussion in Russian. Prerequisite: C- or better in Russian 222, or permission of instructor (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

304. Current Russian Media— A survey of current Russian newspaper and magazine articles, radio and television broadcasts, and the Internet. Subjects covered will include popular culture, home and family life, environmental issues, economics, and politics. Students will strive to master the special type of Russian used in the media as well as describe how these media reflect or distort the state of Russian society. Prerequisite: Russian 222 or permission of the instructor. (This course is also offered under the Russian and Eurasian Studies program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited) –Lahti

[357. Dostoevsky]— (Conducted in English.) Reading and discussing Dostoevsky’s literary works, we will try to answer the social, psychological, philosophical, and religious questions that tortured him. We will examine Dostoevsky’s reaction to social problems he saw in 19th-century Russia: family breakdown, alienation and powerlessness in the workplace, the daily humiliations of living in a system that ranks people according to their salary; and we will try to answer the underlying question: how can people connect with each other in the modern age? Modernity’s preference for science and social science also troubled Dostoevsky. If human actions are scientifically predictable, can people ever be free? We will examine the unsavory solutions Dostoevsky offered: spite, game-playing, crime, radical nihilism, and others. Do religions, with all their glaring contradictions, offer a viable answer? The search for answers to these and other questions will open up new vistas and will educate students about one of the most influential world writers, the author of such classics as Notes from Underground, Crime and Punishment, and The Brothers Karamazov. (Listed as LACS 333-10 and under the Russian and Eurasian studies concentration of the International Studies program.) (GLB2) (Enrollment limited)

[497. Senior Thesis]—

World Literature and Culture Studies

Under this track, students major broadly in literary studies, and may draw upon a wide range of courses on literature and culture in translation. Using methods of literary criticism, students situate texts within their original cultural context, and also probe the act of linguistic and cultural translation that occurs when these same texts are read across cultural boundaries. Students furthermore join their study of literature to another mode of inquiry (philosophy, religion, history, psychology, or others), understanding literature in dialogue with intellectual currents, and gaining other methodological tools to help in analyzing literary texts.

To receive a proper grounding in the role of language and culture in the production and reception of literature, all students are required to take LACS 299. Foundations of Language and Culture Studies. Study of texts need not be done in the original language; however, since all culture is language–based, students undertake language study in order to become informed interpreters of literary and cultural texts. Through language study and the foundational course, students will learn to identify blind spots in translated texts and gain the tools for an informed study of literature. The amount of required language study varies from four to six semesters and is determined by the adviser in accordance with the student’s program of study. Students with strong foreign language skills are encouraged to do some or all of their textual study in the original.

Note: All courses with the LACS prefix are offered “in translation”—all readings and class sessions are in English—and no foreign language knowledge is required. Courses with prefixes such as FREN, HISP, CHIN, RUSS, etc., require some foreign language knowledge.

Honors—Students qualifying for honors must attain a cumulative average of A- or better in all courses counting toward the major, including LACS 401.

Required courses

Each student’s program of study is customized in consultation with the adviser, according to the following requirements:

Twelve courses in fulfillment of categories A through E below:

Note: At least three of the courses taken in the Department of Language and Culture Studies must be at the 300 level or higher.

Students may double major within the Department of Language and Culture Studies, but no more than two courses may be double counted.

The following courses may be counted toward the major in world literature and culture studies with permission of the adviser.