Anthropology

Professor Trostle, Chair; Professor Nadel-Klein; Associate Professors Hussain and Notar∙∙; Assistant Professor Landry; Visiting Assistant Professor DiVietro

The anthropology major at Trinity focuses on cultural anthropology, which is the interpretive study of human beings as they are culturally constituted and as they have lived in social groups throughout history and around the world. As such, it is a comprehensive and comparative discipline that embraces human life in all of its diversity and complexity. Broad in focus, it seeks to understand in a non-ethnocentric manner why people—in both “exotic” and familiar settings—do what they do and what accounts for human differences as well as similarities. It asks how people use material and symbolic resources to solve, in often varying ways, the problems of living in the world and with each other. To arrive at their interpretations, anthropologists interweave the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, engaging in continuous dialogues with other disciplines.

Students majoring in anthropology study the discipline’s history, methodology, and contemporary concerns such as globalization, the environment, medicine and public health, urbanization, and economic upheavals. Since non-ethnocentric interpretations require familiarity with a particular cultural context, students also take courses concerning distinct ethnographic areas such as the Caribbean, China, Africa, Europe, North America, and South Asia. In addition, they take courses that emphasize issues of broad human concern, because interpretations of human similarities and differences can be achieved only through cross-cultural comparison. In selecting electives, students may choose either additional anthropology courses or appropriate courses in such cognate departments and programs as international studies, classics, religion, educational studies, music, sociology, and women, gender, and sexuality. Students considering a major in Anthropology are strongly advised to take both ANTH 300. Junior Seminar in Contemporary Anthropology and ANTH 301. Ethnographic Methods and Writing in their sophomore or junior years. Students must consult with their advisor to determine the exact mix of courses that will meet their particular objectives.

For more details on the program’s faculty, requirements, and sources, visit our Web site at

www.trincoll.edu/Academics/MajorsAndMinors/anthropology/.

The anthropology major—The major requires 11 courses with a minimum grade of C-, including:

The Writing Intensive Part II requirement may be fulfilled by taking a 300- or 400-level course in anthropology.

Honors—In order to be eligible for honors in anthropology, students must have a B+ grade average in the major. Students who wish to qualify for honors must write a two-credit senior thesis. The first credit is based on a one-semester independent study in the fall of their senior year. Following the successful completion of the independent study, and with approval from the department, students may register for a one credit senior thesis in the spring. Honors will be awarded to students who have an A- or better on their thesis and who have maintained at least a B+ grade average in the major.

Fall Term

101. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology— Anthropology as a field asks what it means to be human: how do we know what is universal to human existence? What is natural and what is cultural? How can the strange become familiar and the familiar strange? This course introduces the theory and method of cultural anthropology as applied to case studies from different geographic and ethnographic areas. Topics to be considered include family and kinship, inequality and hierarchy, race and ethnicity, ritual and symbol systems, gender and sexuality, reciprocity and exchange, globalization and social change. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Landry, Nadel-Klein, Notar

[215. Medical Anthropology]— This course covers major topics in medical anthropology, including biocultural analyses of health and disease, the social patterning of disease, cultural critiques of biomedicine, and non-Western systems of healing. We will explore the major theoretical schools in medical anthropology, and see how they have been applied to specific pathologies, life processes, and social responses. Finally we will explore and critique how medical anthropology has been applied to health care in the United States and internationally. The course will sensitize students to cultural issues in sickness and health care, and provide some critical analytic concepts and tools. Prerequisite: C- or better in Anthropology 101 (formerly 201) or other Anthropology course or permission of instructor. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

228. Anthropology from the Margins of South Asia— This course will examine how the northwestern and northern mountainous regions of South Asia have been constructed in the Western popular imagination, both in literary texts and in academic debates. Starting with the era of the Great Game in the late 19th century and ending with the current “war on terror,” the course will explore the transformation and continuation of past social and political conditions, and their representations within the region. This will help illuminate some of the enduring themes in anthropological debates, such as culture contact; empires, territories, and resources; and human agency. (Enrollment limited) –Hussain

[238. Economic Anthropology]— We often assume that culture and the economy are separate, but all economic transactions contain cultural dimensions, and all cultural institutions exhibit economic features. This course provides an introduction to key debates and contemporary issues in economic anthropology. We will consider differences in the organization of production, distribution, and consumption in both subsistence and market economies and examine ways in which anthropologists have theorized these differences. Topics for discussion will include cultural conceptions of property and ownership, social transitions to market economies, the meanings of shopping, and the commodification of bodies and body parts such as organs and blood. Course materials will draw from ethnographic studies, newspaper articles, and documentary films. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

241. Women in the Caribbean— This course explores the diverse lives of women of the Caribbean. We will begin with feminist theories of women and power and trace how those understandings have emerged and changed over time. We will use ethnographies to examine women’s lives in both historical and contemporary Caribbean settings, and explore major theoretical approaches in feminist and Caribbean anthropology. We will analyze how women’s experiences have been shaped by multiple forces, including slavery and emancipation, fertility and constructs of motherhood, gender and violence, race and identity, tourism and sex work, illness and poverty, globalization and labor. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –DiVietro

245. Anthropology and Global Health— This course examines the growing collaborative and critical roles of anthropology applied to international health. Anthropologists elicit disease taxonomies, describe help-seeking strategies, critique donor models, and design behavioral interventions. They ask about borders and the differences among conceptions of health and disease as global, international, or domestic topics. These issues will be explored through case studies of specific diseases, practices, therapies, agencies, and policies. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Trostle

250. Mobility and Sustainability— What is the relationship between mobility, community and sustainability? We will look at mobility in different cultures, ranging from hunter gathers to nomadic herders to suburban commuters. What are the characteristics of social life in cultures where people primarily walk, canoe or sail, rely on animal power, or travel in motorized vehicles? We will investigate how technological innovation, whether in the form of trains, buses, bicycles, cars or airplanes, can change people’s perceptions of both the surrounding landscape and themselves. We will also examine the kinds of infrastructure and resources needed for certain technologies of mobility, such as cars. Can we imagine motorized transport that is both environmentally and socially sustainable? Course materials will include books, articles and films. Students will conduct a mini research project related to the course. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Notar

[253. Urban Anthropology]— This course will trace the social scientific (especially ethnographic and cultural) study of the modern city from its roots in the Industrial Revolution through the current urban transformations brought about by advanced capitalism and globalization. Why are cities organized as they are? How does their organization shape, and get shaped by, everyday practices of city inhabitants? This course will explore the roles of institutional actors (such as governments and corporations) in urban organization, and the effects of economic change, immigration, and public policy on the social organization and built environment of cities. It will examine social consequences of cities, including economic inequality, racial stratification, community formation, poverty, and urban social movements. Though it will focus on American urbanism, this course will also be international and ethnographic. (SOC) (Enrollment limited)

254. The Meaning of Work— This course takes a cross-cultural look at the ways in which people define work in daily life. Drawing upon diverse sources, including ethnography, fiction, biography and investigative journalism, it will examine the ways in which people labor to make a living and to sustain their households. Students will consider such key questions as: What makes work meaningful? How are occupational communities formed? How is work gendered? How have global forces reshaped the nature of work? How do people experience the lack of work? Examples will be drawn from different work environments, including mining, fishing, agriculture, industry, service work, domestic work and intellectual work. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Nadel-Klein

301. Ethnographic Methods and Writing— This course will acquaint students with a range of research methods commonly used by anthropologists, and with the types of questions and designs that justify their use. It will describe a subset of methods (individual and group interviewing, and observation) in more detail, and give students practice in their use, analysis, and presentation. Through accompanying readings, the course will expose students to the controversies surrounding the practice of ethnography and the presentation of ethnographic authority. Students will conduct group field research projects during the course, and will develop and write up research proposals for projects they themselves could carry out in a summer or semester. It is recommended that students have already taken an anthropology course. Prerequisite: Anthropology major or permission of instructor. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Notar

302. History of Anthropological Thought— This course explores the anthropological tradition as it has changed from the late 19th century until the present. Students will read works of the major figures in the development of the discipline, such as Bronislaw Malinowski, Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, and Claude Levi-Strauss. They will learn not only what these anthropologists had to say about reality, but why they said it when they did. In this sense, the course turns an anthropological eye on anthropology itself. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Nadel-Klein

[308. Anthropology of Place]— This course explores the increasingly complex ways in which people in industrial and non-industrial societies locate themselves with respect to land and landscape. Contrary to some widespread assumptions regarding the fit between identity and place (i.e., ethnicity and nationalism), we study a range of settings in which people actively construct, contest, and reappropriate the spaces of modern life. Through texts, seminar discussions, films, and a field-based research project as the major exercise, students will explore a number of issues, including cultural persistence and the loss of place; the meaning of the frontier and indigenous land rights struggles; gender and public space; the deterritorialization of culture (i.e., McDonald’s in Hong Kong); and the cultural costs of an increasingly “fast” and high-tech world. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

310. Anthropology of Development— This seminar will explore international economic and social development from an anthropological perspective. We will critically examine concepts of development, underdevelopment, and progress. We will compare how multilateral lenders and small nongovernmental organizations employ development rhetoric and methods. We will examine specific case studies of development projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, asking what has been attained, and what is attainable. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Hussain

[330. Anthropology of Food]— Because food is necessary to sustain biological life, its production and provision occupy humans everywhere. Due to this essential importance, food also operates to create and symbolize collective life. This seminar will examine the social and cultural significance of food. Topics to be discussed include the evolution of human food systems, the social and cultural relationships between food production and human reproduction, the development of women’s association with the domestic sphere, the meaning and experience of eating disorders, the connection between ethnic cuisines, nationalist movements and social classes, and the causes of famine. (SOC) (Enrollment limited)

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chair are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and director are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

[498. Senior Thesis Part 1]— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and director are required for each semester of this year long thesis. (2 course credits are considered pending in the first semester; 2 course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB)

499. Senior Thesis Part 2— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and program director are required for each semester of this yearlong thesis. (2 course credits are considered pending in the first semester; 2 course credits will be awarded for completion in the second semester.) (2 course credits) (WEB) –Staff

Courses Originating in Other Departments

Educational Studies 316. Education and Social Change Across the Globe— View course description in department listing on p. 394. Prerequisite: C- or better in a prior Educational Studies or International Studies Course. –Dyrness

[International Studies 218. Women, Gender, and Family in the Middle East]— View course description in department listing on p. 577.

[International Studies 234. Gender and Education]— View course description in department listing on p. 577.

[International Studies 249. Immigrants and Refugees: Strangers in Strange Lands]— View course description in department listing on p. 577.

[International Studies 250L. Hartford Global Migration Lab]— View course description in department listing on p. 578. Prerequisite: Concurrent or previous enrollment in International Studies 249 or 250.

[International Studies 262. Peoples and Culture of the Caribbean]— View course description in department listing on p. 578.

[Linguistics 101. Introduction to Linguistics]— View course description in department listing on p. ??.

Religion 281. Anthropology of Religion— View course description in department listing on p. 812. –Landry

Spring Term

101. Introduction to Cultural Anthropology— Anthropology as a field asks what it means to be human: how do we know what is universal to human existence? What is natural and what is cultural? How can the strange become familiar and the familiar strange? This course introduces the theory and method of cultural anthropology as applied to case studies from different geographic and ethnographic areas. Topics to be considered include family and kinship, inequality and hierarchy, race and ethnicity, ritual and symbol systems, gender and sexuality, reciprocity and exchange, globalization and social change. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –DiVietro, Hussain, Trostle

207. Anthropological Perspectives of Women and Gender— Using texts and films, this course will explore the nature of women’s lives in both the contemporary United States and a number of radically different societies around the world, including, for example, the !Kung San people of the Kalahari and the Munduruc of Amazonian Brazil. As they examine the place of women in these societies, students will also be introduced to theoretical perspectives that help explain both variations in women’s status from society to society and “universal” aspects of their status. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Nadel-Klein

[215. Medical Anthropology]— This course covers major topics in medical anthropology, including biocultural analyses of health and disease, the social patterning of disease, cultural critiques of biomedicine, and non-Western systems of healing. We will explore the major theoretical schools in medical anthropology, and see how they have been applied to specific pathologies, life processes, and social responses. Finally we will explore and critique how medical anthropology has been applied to health care in the United States and internationally. The course will sensitize students to cultural issues in sickness and health care, and provide some critical analytic concepts and tools. Prerequisite: C- or better in Anthropology 101 (formerly 201) or other Anthropology course or permission of instructor. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

227. Introduction to Political Ecology— This course covers social science approaches to issues concerning ecology, the environment, and nature. It looks at how social identities and cultural meaning are symbolically tied to the physical environment. Ecology and the environment are affected by larger political, social, and economic forces, so we will also broaden the analysis to include wider spatial and temporal scales. The course will also examine how sociology and geography relate to political ecology. Regional foci will include South and Southeast Asia, Africa, and Latin America. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Hussain

[244. Borderlands of East & South East Asia]— As multinational logging and tourism encroach upon land, and as governments attempt to control borders and restrict cultural practices, borderland peoples of East and Southeast Asia are struggling for their livelihoods and self-determination. This course examines these economic, political and cultural struggles comparatively, over time and across regions. We will investigate government policies of assimilation and modernization, and local responses and resistance. We will discuss such topics as environmental degradation, ethno-tourism, prostitution, HIV infection, and drug smuggling. Readings will include ethnography and memoir, and will be complemented by film and slides. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited)

[284. The Anthropology of Violence]— This course approaches the study of violence through texts, case studies, and films. Does aggression come from biology, culture or both? How is violence defined cross culturally? What constitutes legitimate violence? How has violence been used throughout history to establish, maintain and subvert power? We will examine forms of violence including state violence, war, interpersonal and domestic violence. We will also explore the consequences of violence on health, community and culture. (SOC) (Enrollment limited)

300. Junior Seminar— A seminar designed for anthropology majors in their junior year. The course is designed to build knowledge of the discipline, including contemporary debates, the publication process, and the work of anthropologists beyond the academy (e.g. in business, public health, government and non-governmental organizations, etc.). Students write a research proposal for a potential senior thesis and interview a working anthropologist. Prerequisite: Anthropology major or permission of instructor. (Enrollment limited) –Trostle

[301. Ethnographic Methods and Writing]— This course will acquaint students with a range of research methods commonly used by anthropologists, and with the types of questions and designs that justify their use. It will describe a subset of methods (individual and group interviewing, and observation) in more detail, and give students practice in their use, analysis, and presentation. Through accompanying readings, the course will expose students to the controversies surrounding the practice of ethnography and the presentation of ethnographic authority. Students will conduct group field research projects during the course, and will develop and write up research proposals for projects they themselves could carry out in a summer or semester. It is recommended that students have already taken an anthropology course. Prerequisite: Anthropology major or permission of instructor. (SOC) (Enrollment limited)

[305. Identities in Britain and Ireland]— Using ethnographies, nonfiction, novels and films, this course introduces students to the complex negotiations that go into being “British” or “Irish” in the world today. We will apply anthropological theories of identity as a social process to textual and visual material, challenging conventional notions of ethnicity as primordial or fixed. Discussions will address issues of postcolonialism, borders and boundaries, gender and race, and relations between persons and landscapes. (GLB) (Enrollment limited)

308. Anthropology of Place— This course explores the increasingly complex ways in which people in industrial and non-industrial societies locate themselves with respect to land and landscape. Contrary to some widespread assumptions regarding the fit between identity and place (i.e., ethnicity and nationalism), we study a range of settings in which people actively construct, contest, and reappropriate the spaces of modern life. Through texts, seminar discussions, films, and a field-based research project as the major exercise, students will explore a number of issues, including cultural persistence and the loss of place; the meaning of the frontier and indigenous land rights struggles; gender and public space; the deterritorialization of culture (i.e., McDonald’s in Hong Kong); and the cultural costs of an increasingly “fast” and high-tech world. (GLB5) (Enrollment limited) –Nadel-Klein

[310. Anthropology of Development]— This seminar will explore international economic and social development from an anthropological perspective. We will critically examine concepts of development, underdevelopment, and progress. We will compare how multilateral lenders and small nongovernmental organizations employ development rhetoric and methods. We will examine specific case studies of development projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, asking what has been attained, and what is attainable. (SOC) (Enrollment limited)

324. Religion in the City— Observers of cities have long predicted that the rise of urbanism will slowly but continually lead not only to the gradual decentralization of religion but also to increased secularization. However, today we find thriving religious communities in cities. This course will explore a range of urban religious experiences in the classroom and in the city ranging from Hartford to New York. In so doing, we will study cases of people who (re)imagine cityscapes in ways that support religious practice; we will examine the importance of cities in creating a space where diasporic religions can thrive; and we will chart the ways in which urban diversity provides the perfect space for an upsurge in religious practice. Students will examine urban religion ranging from Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, to Vodou and Santeria. (SOC) (Enrollment limited) –Landry

399. Independent Study— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chair are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 2 course credits) –Staff

401. Advanced Seminar in Contemporary Anthropology— Anthropologists are a contentious lot, often challenging the veracity and relevance of each other’s interpretations. In this seminar, students will examine recent manifestations of this vexatiousness. The seminar will consider such questions as: Can culture be regarded as collective and shared? What is the relationship between cultural ideas and practical action? How does one study culture in the postmodern world of “the celluloid, global ethnoscape”? Can the practice of anthropology be fully objective, or does it demand a politics—an understanding that ideas, ours and theirs, are historically situated, politicized realities? Is domination the same everywhere? Prerequisite: Anthropology major or permission of instructor. (WEB) (Enrollment limited) –Hussain

466. Teaching Assistantship— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and director are required for enrollment. (0.5 - 1 course credit) –Staff

497. Senior Thesis— Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and director are required for enrollment in this single-semester thesis. (1 course credit to be completed in one semester.) (WEB) –Staff

Courses Originating in Other Departments

Art History 294. The Arts of Africa— View course description in department listing on p. 481. –Gilbert

Educational Studies 307. Latinos in Education: Local Realities, Transnational Perspectives— View course description in department listing on p. 397. Prerequisite: C- or better in Educational Studies 200 or International Studies, Language and Culture Studies, Hispanic Studies, or Anthropology major, or permission of instructor. –Dyrness

[Educational Studies 320. Anthropology and Education]— View course description in department listing on p. 398. Prerequisite: C- or better in Educational Studies 200 or Anthropology 101 (formerly 201), or permission of instructor.

[International Studies 235. Youth Culture in the Muslim World]— View course description in department listing on p. 584.

[International Studies 250. Global Migration]— View course description in department listing on p. 585.

[International Studies 250L. Hartford Global Migration Lab]— View course description in department listing on p. 585. Prerequisite: Concurrent or previous enrollment in International Studies 249 or 250.

International Studies 262. Peoples and Culture of the Caribbean— View course description in department listing on p. 585. –Desmangles

[International Studies 307. Women’s Rights as Human Rights]— View course description in department listing on p. 585.

[International Studies 311. Global Feminism]— View course description in department listing on p. 586.

Music 222. Investigating Music and Culture— View course description in department listing on p. 692. Prerequisite: C- or better in Music 113, 215, 219, or 220, or permission of instructor. –Galm

Religion 285. Religions of Africa— View course description in department listing on p. 815. –Landry