German Social Philosopher and Revolutionary
With Karl MARX, a founder of modern COMMUNISM and SOCIALISM, he was the son of a textile manufacturer, and after managing a factory in Manchester, England, he wrote his first major work, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844 (1845). In 1844 he met Marx in Paris, beginning a lifelong collaboration . He and Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto (1848) and other works that predicted the inevitable triumph of the working class. When the REVOLUTIONS OF 1848 failed, Engels settled in England. With Marx he helped found (1864) the International Workingmen's Association. Engels's financial aid enabled Marx to devote himself to writing Das Kapital (3 vol., 1867-94); after his death Engels edited vol. 2 and 3 from Marx's drafts and notes. Engels had enormous influence on the theories of MARXISM and DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM. His major works include Anti-Dhring (1878) and The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (1884).