French Sociologist and Philosopher
Sociologist, born in Epinal, France, generally regarded as one of the founders of sociology. He studied at Paris, and became a teacher, then taught at the University of Bordeaux (1887) and at the Sorbonne. His writings include Les Règles de la méthode sociologique (1894, The Rules of Sociological Method) and a definitive study of suicide (1897). He is perhaps best known for his concept of "collective representations', the social power of ideas stemming from their development through the interaction of many minds.