[Philosophers]


Picture of CarnapRudolf Carnap


German Philosopher

1891--1970


After earning a doctorate from the University of Jena, he taught at the University of Vienna (1926--31) and became a leader of the Vienna Circle of logical positivists. Emigrating to the U.S.A. in 1935 to escape Nazism, he held posts at the University of Chicago (1936--52), the Institute for Advanced Studies at Princeton (1952--54), and the University of California (from 1955). A pioneer in the rigorous analytic tradition, he wrote such works as The Logical Syntax of Language (translated 1937), Meaning and Necessity (1947), and Logical Foundations of Probability (1950).


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