new look at situational awareness:
The essential ingredients for modeling perceiving and acting by
animate and robot agents
Robert E. Shaw, William Mace, & Paul Treffner
it that to understand animals perceiving and acting in the world,
or to model perceiving and acting in the world, whether in ecological
science, cognitive science, neuroscience, or robotics, one must
analyze goal directed tasks.
a minimal list of potential sources of variability present in any
task. All modeling strategies should address them if they are to
have a handle on all the relevant sources of degrees of freedom.
An explicit characterization of the "situational awareness"
by agents should be of specific interest to those who would reduce
the "loans" taken out on extrinsic factors. The three
"packages" of variables suggests one way to make intrinsic
many factors that govern the success or failure of a goal-directed
task that might otherwise be left extrinsic and unaccounted for.
numerous papers by Shaw and various students and colleagues, we
propose these 3 sets of concepts. On one hand, considering all of
these surely can be quite daunting, but it is important to note
that we do not believe that this list is a beginning that will grow
indefinitely. When elaborated, this set has the property of closure,
which we take to be not only desirable, but necessary.
types of information and control for an agent -- exterospecific,
propriospecific, expropriospecific, and proexterospecific forms
modes of action - Exploratory, preparatory, performatory, consummatory
and local control in environment
workshop participants have made their papers available for you to
download prior to the conference and so facilitate discussion and
debate at the workshop proper.
and promises of an ecological approach to robotics (Shaw & Mace)
Toward smart cars with computer vision for integrated driver and
Exploring ecological principles in robot soccer (Thornton)