Russian posters

WORLD WAR I POSTERS

Inventoried by Viktoriya I. Lineva

Pre-Revolution Poster

                         No. 26 in the Pre-Revolution Series

BATTLE SCENES WITH THE AUSTRO-GERMANS

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Austro-Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская война. Взятiе Львова русскими войсками подъ командой Генерала-отъ-Инфантерiи, Генералъ-Адъютанта Н. В. Рузскаго.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. The Russian army captures Lwow under the command of the General of Infantry, General adjutant N. V. Ruzskago.

Description of image(s): Depiction of the battlefield near Lwow.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia]. t. /d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 55/ 78.5 (bigger version)

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:

The Russians took Lwow from the Austro-Germans about 11 a.m. on Aug 20, 1914. Lwow was a very important political and administrative center of Galicia and was the junction for the roads to the Dniester and the San Rivers.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Austro-Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская война. Контръ-атака Русскихъ войскъ противъ Австро-Германцевъ въ Шавельскомъ районъ.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. Counter attack of the Russian army against Austro-Germans in the Shavelskom region.

Description of image(s): A bloody battle between the two sides.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia]. t. /d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 56

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 199

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Austro-Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская война. Взятiе Львова русскими войсками подъ командой Генерала-отъ-Инфантерiи, Генералъ-Адъютанта Н. В. Рузскаго.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. The Russian army captures Lwow under the command of the General of Infantry, General adjutant N. V. Ruzskago.

Description of image(s): Depiction of the battlefield near Lwow.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia]. t. /d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 39.5/ 56.5 (smaller version)

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The Russians took Lwow from the Austro-Germans about 11 a.m. on Aug 20, 1914.  Lwow was a very important political and administrative center of Galicia and was the junction for the roads to the Dniester and the San Rivers.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Austro-Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Взятiе Львова.

Short title (in English translation): The capture of Lwow.

Description of image(s): A Russian commander with a flag and a sword in his hands is standing at the center of the battlefield.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; Izdanie Tipo-Lit[ografia] “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”.

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem calling for the creation of a prayer that God help the Russians win the battle of Lwow.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Austro-Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская война. Взятiе Львова.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. The capture of Lwow.

Description of image(s): A battle in front of the walls of Lwow.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Tipo-Litogr[afia] t/d. N. N. Sofronov, A. P. Priadilshchikov

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 55

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In the period 1914-18 ferocious bitter fighting took place in and around the town of Lwow.  In 1914 the Russians took Lwow from the Austro-Germans.  The battle ended on September 11, 1914, with the Austro-Germans having lost no less than 200,000 soldiers.

 

BATTLE SCENES WITH THE TURKS

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in Russian): Бой Св. Евстафiя съ Гебеномъ.

Short title (in English translation): The battle between St. Evstafii and Geben.

Description of image(s): The Russian battleship St. Evstafii firing on the Turkish cruiser-dreadnought Geben.

Place and Publisher: Odessa; Izdanie M. Goldberg.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/ 53.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: On November 5, the Russian Black Sea squadron detected a Turkish fleet. The Turks couldn’t escape and their cruiser-dreadnought Geben had to engage in battle. The Russian battleship St. Evstafii damaged Geben severely, which managed to escape only thanks to the fog. In the battle, part of Geben’s crew died and the Turkish ship only just reached the coast of the Sea of Marmara.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in Russian): Бой съ турками.

Short title (in English translation): A battle with the Turks.

Description of image(s): A winter night battle scene.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41/ 56.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 96

Using the darkness of night the Turks covered themselves with white shawls, reached the Cossack posts, and attacked them.  At the same time Kurdish cavalrymen attacked the Cossacks at the flank but they managed to take a nearby hill and entrenched themselves. In the morning the Russian artillery and infantry came and put the Turks and Kurds to flight.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): Бой подъ Ардаганомъ.

Short title (in English translation): Battle at Ardagon.

Description of image(s): The Russian cavalry’s attack on the Turks near Ardagon.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 32.5/ 41.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 90

In the night of December 20th the Russian army approached Ardagon from both west and north. There was a lot of fog, but the commander of the western detachment led his people in an assault. The northern detachment joined them in the morning and in the end Ardagon was taken with the Turks suffering severe losses.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Взятiе Ардагана.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. The capture of Ardagon.

Description of image(s): A battle between the Russians and the Turks.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Tipo-Litogr[afia] t./d. N. N. Sofronov, A. P. Priadilshchikov.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 55.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In the battle of Ardagon on December 21, parts of the Turkish army were defeated.  The Russians captured a lot of ammunition, weapons, and artillery while the Turks managed to take several dozen officers prisoner. The flags of eight Turkish regiments were taken after the brave attacks of units of the Siberian Cossack Regiment.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Вступленiе Русскихъ войскъ въ Турцiю. Взятiе Баязета.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  The entry of the Russian army into Turkey. The capture of Bayazid.

Description of image(s): A battle between the Russians and the Turks.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t. /d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40.5/ 56

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 189

The Russian-Turkish War began on October 21 when the Cossack army crossed the border and entered Turkey.  It took Zivin, Karakilissy-Passinskuiu, Ahty, Butah, Korum, Mysun, and Arzap. The Turks started retreating and the Russians took Bayazid as well.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short title (in Russian): Взятiе русскими войсками турецкаго города Баязета

Short title (in English translation): The Russian army’s capture of the Turkish town of Bayazid.

Description of image(s): A battle in front of the walls of Bayazid (town in Turkish Armenia).

Place and Publisher: Odessa; Publishing house M. S. Kozmana.

Date: 17 November 1914

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 50.5

Artist: С. Я. Фiалковскiи / S. Ia. Fialkovskii

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Soon after the attacks of the Turks on some Russian coastal towns, the Russian army entered Turkey and took a whole row of frontier posts, one of which was the town of Bayazid.  During the battle the Russian artillery and infantry put the Turks to flight and captured Bayazid which was protected by a great number of turrets and walls.  It was situated 25 versts south-east of Mt. Ararat.

 

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Бой подъ Дильманомъ.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  A battle near Dilman.

Description of image(s): A winter combat with bayonets.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 54.5/ 80

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 198

[text lost] The division of Halil-bey from Erdzindzhan fought against the Russians for three days until on April 20 the Russian army attacked and defeated him, killing half of his corps.  The Russians took Dilman and the Turks started retreating.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 8

Short title (in Russian): Взятiе Хопы.

Short title (in English translation): The capture of Hopa.

Description of image(s): A winter scene of the Russians attacking the Turks near Hopa.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41.5/ 55.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #94

The Turks defended the coastal town of Hopa vehemently since it was an important post for supplying provisions and ammunition.  Despite the obstacles the Russian regiments managed to force the Turks back and reach the town.  The Russian battleships helped the troops by firing on the Turks who were eventually put to flight.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 9

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Схватка казаковъ съ курдами въ Турцiи.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. A fight between the Cossacks and the Kurds in Turkey.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/ 56

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:

# 194.  A small Cossack detachment was suddenly attacked by 1500 Kurdish cavalry.  The Cossacks took a small hill where they fortified their position until Cossack reinforcements came several hours later. The enemy was then put to flight and more than a half of them were either killed or wounded.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 10

Short title (in Russian): Атака на Сарыкамышъ.

Short title (in English translation): An attack at Sarikamish.

Description of image(s): The Russian cavalry attacks the Turks.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia Ivanova

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 43/ 58

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  On December 17, 1915, the Russian artillery started firing at the settlement of Upper Sarikamish.  After three days of battles the volunteers together with two companies attacked the Turks.  As a result many Turks were killed (including one general) and 20 officers, and 1,500 soldiers were taken prisoner.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Turks.

Number of poster within the Series: 11

Short title (in Russian): Русско-Турецкая Война.

Short title (in English translation): The Russian-Turkish War.

Description of image(s): The crushing defeat of the Turkish army near Sarikamish.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Izdanie litografia M. A. Strieltsova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41/ 55.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 18.  Near Sarikamish the Cossack army defeated two Turkish corps. The commander of the Ninth Turkish Corps, Ishan-pasha, the heads of the 17th, 28th, and 29th divisions, together with their staff and officers, were all taken captives.

 

BATTLE SCENES WITH THE GERMANS

 

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Ночной бой подъ Варшавой.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  A night battle near Warsaw.

Description of image(s): A bloody battle between the Russians and the Germans.

Place and Publisher: [s.l.]

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 55/ 80

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In the text the author describes the searchlights in the sky as the tentacles of some fantastic monster.  To the left and right one hears the thunder of gunfire, and at the horizon there are colors of burning fires with rose-colored smoke swirling out of them.  From everywhere one hears the thunder of the cannonade and sees the flashes of gunfire around the trees.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in Russian): No title.

Description of image(s): Depiction of a battle at Peremyshliany ( a town in Ukraine now) in which many fight chaotically destroying and burning houses on their way.

Place and Publisher: [s.l.]

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 60.5/ 74.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: [text lost]

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): [text lost]ель Германскаго крейсера “Магдебургъ”.

Short title (in English translation): [text lost] the German cruiser “Magdeburg.”

Description of image(s): A navy battle in the Baltic Sea in which the Russian battle cruisers sink the German cruiser “Magdeburg.”

Place and Publisher: Riga; Izdanie M. Freiberga.

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 54/ 71

Artist: э. Левина / E. Levina

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In the fog the “Magdeburg”, one of the German fleet ships raiding the Baltic Sea, hit a shoal and was immediately fired on and sunk by Russian cruisers. The crew that survived was taken off the sinking ship, and a lot of booty was captured.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Бой подъ Августовымъ. Переходъ немецкихъ войскъ черезъ Неманъ.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  The August battle.  The German army crossing the Neman.

Description of image(s): A battle at the bank of the Neman river.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  # 181

On September 10th the Germans reached the bank of the Neman river while retreating but the Russian artillery was already there waiting in ambush.  A bitter fight between the two artillery forces began, which ended with a Russian victory on September 20th.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Бой на ръкъ Бзуръ.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  A battle near the river of Bzura.

Description of image(s): A night battle in the Ravka river (tributary of Bzura in central Poland).

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 54

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 197

In the day-time the Germans attempted to cross the river and attack the Russians. However they were repelled by the Russian machine-guns, and dead bodies of German soldiers floated in the river the whole day.  In the night several companies of Siberians received a mission to destroy the planked footbridge over the Ravka.  A fight started in the middle of the river, and in the end the Siberians successfully fulfilled their mission.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short title (in Russian): черкесы въ ченстоховъ.

Short title (in English translation): Circassians in Chenstokhova.

Description of image(s): The Circassians attack the Germans at a restaurant in the camp of Chenstokhova (Poland).

Place and Publisher: [s.l.] “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/ 50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem describing the Germans feasting and celebrating their victory when the Circassians came and put them to flight.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short title (in Russian): Отступленie немцевъ въ Восточной Пруссiи. Отъ штаба Верховного Главнокомандующаго.

Short title (in English translation): The retreat of the Germans in East Prussia.  From the headquarters of the Supreme Commander.

Description of image(s): A bloody battle between the Russians and the Germans.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia Ivanova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: On October 21 a sudden change took place in the Eastern Prussian front when the Germans started retreating.  This turning point of the war was obvious when they drew back to Bialie and Lyku in Poland.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 8

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская война. Сражение подъ Лодзью.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  A battle near Lodz.

Description of image(s): A battle between Russian and German cavalry near Lodz ( a town of Poland, 75 miles southwest of Warsaw).

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Tipo-Liotgr[afia] t./d. N. N. Sofronov, A. P. Priadilshchikov.

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40/ 55.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A 600-man German cavalry came across a Russian mounted patrol.  The Russians threw themselves upon the Germans even though they were outnumbered nearly 6 to 1.  In the end the Germans were put to flight, and several German soldiers were taken prisoner.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 9

Short title (in Russian): Пораженiе немцевъ при Друскеникахъ на Неманъ.

Short title (in English translation): The Defeat of the Germans near Druskininkai on Neman.

Description of image(s): A battle in the Neman river.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; “T-vo S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca.1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34.5/ 50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem about the Neman bearing the blood and dead bodies of the enemy.

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 10

Short title (in Russian): Европейская Война. Подъ Сохачевымъ лихой отрядъ казаковъ уничтожилъ немецкiй гусарскiй полкъ.

Short title (in English translation): The European War.  Near Sohachevym the dashing Cossack troops destroyed the German hussar regiment.

Description of image(s): A battle between cavalrymen.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Izdanie litografii M. A. Strieltsova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41/ 56

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #17 [No Additional Text]

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 11

Short title (in Russian): Въ Битвъ подъ Варшавой.

Short title (in English translation): At the battle near Warsaw.

Description of image(s): The Cossack cavalry fighting the Germans.

Place and Publisher: [s. l.]

Date:  [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 58.5/ 82

Artist: Pavel F. Iakovlev

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The Cossacks’ pursuit of the defeated German army.

 

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with the Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 12

Short title (in Russian): Сраженiе подъ Варшавой.

Short title (in English translation): A battle near Warsaw.

Description of image(s): A battle between Russian and German cavalry.

Place and Publisher: [s. l.]

Date: [ca. 1914]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 59/ 87

Artist: [text lost]ogatov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: [text lost]

Collection number: 19

Series (subject category): Battle scenes with Germans.

Number of poster within the Series: 13

Short title (in Russian): Преслъдованiе нъмцевъ русской кавалерiей подъ Варшавой.

Short title (in English translation): The pursuit of the Germans by the Russian cavalry near Warsaw.

Description of image(s): The Russian cavalry attacking the Germans.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/ 50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  A poem praising the Russian victory near Warsaw.  The author compares the reconnaissance party to an eagle and the artillery to thunder and lightning.

 

HEROIC EXPLOITS OF INDIVIDUAL SOLDIERS

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in Russian): Похищенiе казакомъ германскаго офицера.

Short title (in English translation): A Cossack’s abduction of a German officer.

Description of image(s): The Cossack riding on the same horse behind a German officer while he is being chased by several German cavalrymen.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; Izdanie Tipo-Lit [ografia] “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/ 50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The Cossack was in captivity when the Germans decided to ride on his wild horse. The horse started turning and spinning and the Cossack used this chance to jump on it and escape, taking one of the Germans as a captive.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in Russian): Подвигъ рядового Каца.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of the private soldier Katsa.

Description of image(s): Katsa stabbing another soldier with his bayonet.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34.5/ 50

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  A poem praising the Jewish soldier Katsa’s devotion to his native country, Russia.  It says that Katsa was ready to sacrifice himself but the King of the Heavens saved his life. The Russian tsar decorated Katsa for his heroic act, and he was welcomed back in Russia.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): Геройскiй подвигъ русскаго унтеръ- офицера.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of a Russian non-commissioned officer.

Description of image(s): A winter scene of the officer carrying a soldier and a flag on his back.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41.5/ 57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #108

During a battle with the Germans, the Russian non-commissioned officer I. A. managed to take the flag from the German color-bearer.  The color-bearer turned out to be a weak and feeble officer, and I. A. loaded him on his back together with the flag.  For his heroic act I. A. was awarded the St. George Cross.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Наши удальцы.

Short title (in English translation): Our daring people.

Description of image(s): Austrian soldiers surrender at the sight of a Cossack cavalryman.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42.5/ 57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 99

During reconnaissance a Cossack came across an Austrian advanced detachment.  By pretending to be calling the rest and waving with his hand, the Cossack managed to fool the Austrians into thinking that he wasn’t alone.  As a result they all put their weapons down and were taken captive by the single Cossack.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Солдатъ подъ градомъ пуль спасаетъ раненаго офицера.

Short title (in English translation): A soldier rescuing an injured officer while under fire.

Description of image(s): The soldier is carrying the officer on his back.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; “T-vo S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34.5/ 49.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Praise of a soldier who saw that his officer fell in battle and didn’t let him die. The soldier took the officer on his back and carried him until he reached a safe place.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short title (in Russian): Подвигъ Его Высочества Князя Олега Константиновича.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of his Highness Prince Oleg Constantinovich.

Description of image(s): A battle among cavalrymen.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Tipografia aktsionernavo obshchestva “Moskovskoe Izdatelstvo.”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 38/ 46.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: From the periodical “Beam.”

“On September 27 there was a battle with the Germans in which young prince Oleg Constantinovich managed to cut his way into a German detachment.  However, the Germans wounded him severely, and the prince died two days later.”

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Герой-казакъ Козьма Крючковъ.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War.  The Cossack hero Kozma Kriuchkov.

Description of image(s): A portrait of the Cossack with the St. George Cross on his uniform.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 39.5/ 27

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 170

Kozma Kriuchkov was the first to receive the St. George Cross in WWI.   He, together with three comrades, came across a German mounted patrol of 27 soldiers.  Kozma killed eleven of them himself and received 16 wounds [rest of text lost].

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers

Number of poster within the Series: 8

Short title (in Russian): Первый Георгиевскiй кавалеръ Кузьма Крючковъ.

Short title (in English translation): Kozma Kriuchkov- the first holder of the St. George Cross.

Description of image(s): A portrait of Kozma Kriuchkov with the St. George Cross on his uniform.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia Ivanova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 57.5/ 41.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:

Kozma Kriuchkov was born in Novocherkassk on August 8, 1888 in an Old Believer family in the small village of Nizhie-Kalmytskago.  His detachment successfully entered Prussia where it encountered 27 Prussian cavalrymen.  Despite the fact that in the battle that followed he received 16 wounds and his hand was hacked by a saber, Kriuchkov laid low eleven Germans for which he was awarded the St. George Cross and received many expensive gifts.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 9

Short title (in Russian): Геройская борьба казака Козмы Крючкова съ 11 немцами.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic fight of the Cossack Kozma Kriuchkov with 11 Germans.

Description of image(s): The image depicts Kriuchkov fighting the Germans.

Place and Publisher: Odessa; Knigoizdatelstvo M. S. Kozmna.

Date: September 30, 1914

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 38/ 50.5

Artist: S. Y. Fialkovskii

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Kozma Kriuchkov, the valiant Cossack of the Don region, entered Prussia with five more Cossacks where he came across 27 Prussian cavalrymen.  Despite the fact that in the battle that followed he received 16 wounds, Kriuchkov killed eleven Germans and together with his detachment eventually won the battle.  For his heroic act Kriuchkov was the first in WWI to be awarded the St. George Cross.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 10

Short title (in Russian): Геройскiй Подвигъ казака Кузьмы Крючкова.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of the Cossack Kuzma Kriuchkov.

Description of image(s): A scene at the center of the battlefield.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia Ivanova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/ 57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:

Kuzma Kriuchkov was born in Novocherkassk on August 8, 1888 in an Old Believer family in the village of Nizhie-Kalmytskago. His detachment successfully entered Prussia where it encountered 27 Prussian cavalrymen. Despite the fact that in the battle that followed he received 16 wounds and his hand was hacked by a saber, Kriuchkov laid low eleven Germans for which he was awarded the St. George Cross and received many expensive gifts.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 11

Short title (in Russian): Подвигъ казака Крючкова.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of the Cossack Kriuchkov.

Description of image(s): Kriuchkov fighting against the enemy.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi”

Date: [ca.1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 34/ 49.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem glorifying the audacity of Kriuchkov and reminding people not to forget his name because he fought bravely for Russia.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 12

Short title (in Russian): Подвигъ Шт. Кап. Нестерова.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of the staff Captain Nesterov.

Description of image(s): The captain is firing at another pilot while their planes crash in the sky.

Place and Publisher: Grodno; Tipo- Lit[ografia] “T-va S. Lapin s S-mi.”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 50/ 34.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem commemorating the heroic act of Captain Nesterov who intentionally crashed his plane into one of the enemy’s planes, thus sacrificing his life for the sake of his country.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 13

Short title (in Russian): Русскiй герой унтеръ-офицеръ Порфирiй Панасюкъ.

Short title (in English translation): Russian hero non-commissioned officer Porfirii Panasiuk.

Description of image(s): The Germans torturing the Russian hero at their camp.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/ 57

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 107

Panasiuk was taken captive by the Germans while he was on reconnaissance.  The Germans promised him generous gifts if he revealed Russian military secrets.  Panasiuk refused their offers which made one of the German officers cut off a part of his ear. The Germans threatened him with more torture but Panasiuk didn’t reveal any of the secrets. He managed to escape from the German headquarters and was awarded the St. George Cross for his bravery.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Heroic Exploits of Individual Soldiers.

Number of poster within the Series: 14

Short title (in Russian): Великая Европейская Война. Геройскiй подвигъ унтеръ-офицера Аввакума Волкова, взявшаго австрiйское знамя.

Short title (in English translation): The Great European War. The heroic act of the non-commissioned officer Avvakum Volkov capturing the Austrian flag.

Description of image(s): A bloody battle between cavalrymen with several men reaching for the flag.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40.5/ 55

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 182

Officer Avvakum Volkov was awarded the St. George Cross and 500 rubles for his fighting the Austrians.  Volkov together with several soldiers went on reconnaissance and came across Austrian dragoons. The Russians killed the Austrians and took their flag but on their way back they encountered another Austrian patrol.  The battle ended with the Austrians’ flight but Avvakum was wounded.  However, he survived.

 

NON-COMBATANTS

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in English translation): No Title.

Description of image(s): A portrait of the leaders of different countries, including Emperor Nickolas II Alexandrovich, the English king George V, the French President Raymond Poincaré, the King of Montenegro Nickolas I, the Belgian King Albert I, the Japanese Emperor Yoshihito, and others.

Place and Publisher: [s. l.]

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 60/ 83

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: No text or descriptive comments.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in English translation): No title.

Description of image(s): Different depictions of Russian, English, Japanese, Belgian, Turkish, and other troops. In the center are portraits of

  • Emperor Nickolas II Alexandrovich
  • The French President Raymond Poincaré
  • The English King George V
  • The King of Montenegro Nickolas I
  • The Belgian King Albert I
  • The Serbian King Peter I
  • The Japanese Emperor Yoshihito

Place and Publisher: [s. l.]

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 60.5/ 77.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: No additional text or comments.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): Русская армiя въ походъ. У колодца.

Short title (in English translation): The Russian army on campaign. At the well.

Description of image(s): Soldiers drinking water by a well.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 32/ 41.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #92

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Избiенiе польскими крестьянами немецкихъ фуражировъ грабившихъ деревню.

Short title (in English translation): Polish peasants slaughter German foragers pillaging their village.

Description of image(s): A fight between the soldiers and the peasants at the village.

Place and Publisher: [s. l.]; Tipo-Litografia T-go D-ma V. Eremieb: A. Shashabrin Kazan.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/ 62

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Not having enough provisions, the Germans started pillaging the bread, vegetables, and livestock of Polish peasants.  In response the peasants armed themselves and attacked the Germans.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Подвигъ русскаго право-славнаго священника.

Short title (in English translation): The heroic act of a Russian Orthodox priest.

Description of image(s): The priest is preaching to the Austrians.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42/ 56

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #95

In the village Sorinki- Dolnyia the Russian regiment where father Pareeni Holodnyi served was surrounded by 23 armed Austrians. Father Pareeni stepped forward holding an icon of the ''Нерукотвореннаго Спаса'' (Saviour Not Made By Hands) and told the Austrians that both they and the Russians were Slavs and they shouldn't kill each other. The priest managed to persuade the Austrians to surrender promising them complete safety if they put aside their weapons.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short title (in Russian): Роль женщины въ войнъ

Short title (in English translation): The Role of Women in the War.

Description of image(s): The nurse E. P. Korkina helping a wounded soldier at the center of the battlefield.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: 1915

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41.5/ 55.5

Artist: P. Pstrov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 78

The Russian army was retreating together with its medical detachment, where Nurse E. P. Korkina worked, while the Germans continued firing.  As a result many wounded soldiers were killed.  Nurse E. P. Korkina, with the help of several medical orderlies, continued helping the wounded soldiers, and she managed to save nine officers.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Non-combatants.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short title (in Russian): Его Императорскимъ Величествомъ Государемъ Императоромъ Николаемъ Александровичемъ.

Short title (in English translation): His Imperial Majesty Emperor Nickolas Alexandrovich.

Description of image(s): The emperor visiting a field hospital for wounded soldiers is awarding them St. George Crosses.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Litografia T-va I. D. Sytina.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41.5/ 57.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 105

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Caricatures

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short title (in Russian): Юнак.

Short title (in English translation): A hero.

Description of image(s): A winter scene of a giant and many people climbing on him.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; T-vo Tipo- Litografii I. M. Mashistova.

Date: November 27, 1914

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 51/ 37.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:

“It is understandable that everyone wants to warm themselves, but why on earth the whole crowd?”

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Caricatures.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short title (in Russian): Движущая карикатура.

Short title (in English translation): A moving caricature.

Description of image(s): A Cossack represented as a doll in several parts which can be put together and worked as a puppet. On the back side is a map of western Russia.

Place and Publisher: St. Petersburg; Publishing house “Petrogradskoe Pechatnoe Proizvodstvo.”

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 51/ 34

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: No text or descriptive comments.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Caricatures.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short title (in Russian): Раëкъ. Вильгельмъ сатана и немецкая война.

Short title (in English translation): Gallery. Wilhelm the Satan and the German War.

Description of image(s): A caricature of Wilhelm and several people laughing at it, surrounded by a poem by P. N. Ianov-Vitiav.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Tipo- Litografia A. A. Strieltsova.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 61/ 44.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The poem describes how the Germans use tricks and cunning to unsettle Russia and stir up a war in Europe. In it the author says that this was the century of electricity and describes how the Germans used this novelty to communicate and report to their commanders.

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Caricatures.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short title (in Russian): Какъ чортъ огородъ городилъ.

Short title (in English translation): How the devil made unnecessary fuss.

Description of image(s): The Devil sowed a garden.  In it a potato is transformed into the head of the Austrian Emperor Franz-Joseph, an onion into the head of the German Emperor Wilhelm II, and five mushrooms into Wilhelm’s five sons.

Place and Publisher: Moscow; Lit[ografia] t./d. A. P. Korkin, A. V. Beideman.

Date: [ca. 1915]

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 41/ 58

Artist: D. Moor

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: # 184

Collection number: 20

Series (subject category): Caricatures.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short title (in Russian): Вильгельмовы скоты.

Short title (in English translation): Wilhelm’s livestock.

Description of image(s): The German Emperor Wilhelm II riding on the back of the Austrian Emperor Franz-Joseph and followed by a wounded Turk, attached by a rope to the Kaiser.

Place and Publisher: Moscow

Date: 1914

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 40.5/ 56.5

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: #40

 

 

 

POST-REVOLUTION SOVIET POSTERS

Inventoried by Irina Kotkina and edited by

        Yana Razumnaya, Hilary Daly, and Jeffrey Kaimowitz

 

 Agriculture Poster

                             No. 1 in the Agriculture Series

Series ( subject category): Agriculture

Poster Number within the Series: 1

Short Title: (in English Translation): Kazakhstan

Description of images: The people of Kazakhstan doing their national work.

Place of publication: State Publishing House (Gosizdat), Moscow.

Date: 1929

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 42 cm. x 57 cm.

Artist: Tatevos’ian

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Portrayal of the lifestyle of the people of Kazakhstan and their usual occupations. It is stated that in 1929 there were 4 million Kazakhs in Kazakhstan.

Series( subject category): Agriculture

Poster Number within the Series: 2

Short Title:  (In English translation): Gathering fruits in the Crimea.

Description of images: Crimean Tatars gather fruits, sort them, and load trucks.

Place of publication: State publishing house (Gosizdat)

Date: After 1945 (not later then 1953)

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 51 cm.

Artist: V. Derviz

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  A description of how and where fruits are exported from the Crimea and how people gather them in the Crimea.  Includes information that before World War Two (1941-45) 8000 quintals of fruits were exported from the  Crimea.

Series (subject category): Agriculture

Poster Number within the Series: 3

Short Title: (English translation): Tie the sheaves together to combat losses of crops. Fight for every gram of crop!

Description of images: There are three pictures, on each of them, people are depicted gathering wheat and tying sheaves.

Place of publication: Association of State Publishing Houses- State Publishing house of Fine Arts (0GIZ-IZ0GIZ) Moscow, Leningrad.

Date:  1931

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 52 cm. x 71 cm.

Artist: Tarsk

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “If you do not tie the sheaves, you can lose 3-5% of wheat. If you tie the sheaves, you can increase the crop 10-15%.  You should use rakes with a horse after gathering wheat from the field to prevent losing a part of the crop.”

Series( subject category): Agriculture

Poster Number within the Series: 4

Short Title: (English translation of Russian): Cutting machines should be used daily; this will help to fulfill the plan of ensilage in the USSR.  Straw cutting machines and thrashing machines should be used to ensilage!  Use your good sense to adapt the cutting machines.  

Description of images: Three illustrations: the first: an adapted thrashing machine with the Kolesnikov’s Lift; the second: plan of adaptation of a thrashing machine into a cutting machine; third: the completed work of a set of cutting machines.

Place of publication: Association of State Publishing Houses- State Publishing House of Fine Arts (0612-J20GI2) Moscow, Leningrad. The poster was published in Moscow publishing house.

Date: 1931

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 70 cm. x 51 cm.

Artist: M.P Merkushev

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: It’s important to cut straw before ensilage; that is why it is necessary to use different types of cutting machines. It is possible to adapt thrashing machines into cutting machines.Kolesnikov’s Lift is very simple to build at every farm. With the transmission setting, it is possible to use several cutting machines with only one motor.

Series ( subject category): Agriculture

Number of Poster within the Series: 5

Short Title: (English translation of Russian): The increase of agriculture in the USSR in the last ten years.

Description of images: Six small images that show the life of peasants in the USSR. There is a large picture of a peasant driving a tractor in the center of the poster.

Place of publication: Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR) Moscow

Date: ca. 1928

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 55 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: N.T.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contents include information concerning the increase in main overall agricultural production in the USSR in 1923-1927, the increase of sowing areas in 1913-1927, the increase of value of technical cultures in the value of gross production of agriculture in percentages in 1924-26, the increase of the number of cattle in percentages  in 1923-1927. Includes a quotation from Lenin about industrialization and mechanization of agriculture.

Series (subject category): Agriculture

Poster Number within the Series: 6

Short Title: (English translation of Russian): Gathering Fruits

Description of images: 11 illustrations of fruits, methods of gathering fruits, storage of fruits, and tools for gathering fruits.

Place of publication: All-Russian Co-Operative Publisher’s Union “BookUnion” (Kingosoiuz) Moscow.

Date: Late 1920s-early 1930s

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 69 cm. x 105 cm.

Artist: G. Chichagova

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “You should gather fruits on time and handle them with care while gathering. You should keep the fruits dry and store them inside. You should use different tools to gather fruits in a correct way.”

 

Alcoholism Poster

No. 13 in the Alcoholism Series

Series ( subject category):Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 1

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Fight drunkenness!

Description of images: Three pictures of drunken people. The first is of a drunken man beating his wife. The second portrays two drunken men fighting each other, one of the men holding a knife. The third shows a drunken peasant sleeping in the snow under a tree in the forest during winter.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissiariat of Health Care (Narkomzdraw), Moscow

Date: 1926

Process: Black and white lithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 71 cm. x 107 cm.

Artist: ?

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Alcohol contains no food and nothing to make you feel warm. During the year all regular workers are out of work only 12.9 days as compared to drunken people who are out of work 22.2 days.  Out of a group of 1000 miners, 29 people are absent during the week.  50 people are absent after holidays and 70 people are absent after receiving money.  Alcohol decreases the productivity of laborers. There are a lot of people getting injured on Sunday and Monday.  Alcohol increases the number of injures. Alcohol causes people to be imprisoned.  Among 100 thieves, 70 are drunks; among 100 killers, there are 53 drunks. Among people who injured other people, there are 88 drunks. Alcohol is dangerous to health.  Among 1000 people who die before 30, 8 are drunks and 5 are teetotalers. Among those who die before 40 years of age, 12 are drunks and 6 are teetotalers.  18 drunks and 11 teetotalers will die before the age of 50. 35 drunks and 25 teetotalers will die before age 60.  Alcohol is the main cause of mental disease. Alcohol is a cause of degeneration and death of children.       


Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 2

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The friend of vodka is the enemy of the Trade Union.

Description of images: A man is running down the stairs in order to catch a bottle of vodka.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav) Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 71 cm. x 104 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Alcohol leads to unemployment and stops pay installments to the trade union.

Series( subject category): Alcoholism

Poster Number within the Series: 3

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Drunkness on holidays is a survival of church prejudices.

Description of images: Drunken people going home from church services on a holiday.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav) Moscow

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 4

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol decreases the productivity of labor.

Description of images:  There are two illustrations. The first is of a sober man working hard, the second picture is of a drunken man who wants to sleep rather then work.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav) Moscow

Date: Not earlier than 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white and with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 5

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol leads to degeneration.

Description of images: One picture of a deformed child.

Place of publication:  Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 6

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol leads to unemployment.

Description of images: An unemployed boy and a drunken man.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 17 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series( subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 7

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol promotes the progression of tuberculosis.

Description of images: A drunken man holding a glass of liquor is coughing

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 17 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.


Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 8

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol is a supplier of jails.

Description of images: Two images: two drunken men fighting each other, one holding a knife; a window in a jail.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 9

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Wives and children! Struggle against drunkenness!

Description of images: A woman, a boy and a girl are trying to stop a man from getting to the bottle of liquor.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.


Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 10

Short Title (English translation of Russian): A good club is a good way to combat drunkenness.

Description of images: Two images: several men near a clubhouse practicing gymnastics; a drunken man smoking a cigarette.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series( subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 11

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “Prohibition and the strictest administrative punishments alone are powerless in the fight against alcoholism.  Masses of workers and peasants should take part in the fight against this evil.  Use all powers for cultural and public instruction.  Pay more attention to sanitary education.”-- N. Semashko

Description of images: Woman worker shows the quotation from N. Semashko.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Black and white lithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 12

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol is a cause of mental illness.

Description of images: A drunken man having hallucinations.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 17 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “provinc”), which was only used until 1929.

Series (subject category): Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 13

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol destroys families.

Description of images: A man is beating his wife, and their son is defending his mother.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s Commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929.

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 17 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

Series( subject category):Alcoholism

Number of Poster within the Series: 14

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Alcohol is a frequent cause of injures on the job.

Description of images: A drunken man with his hand caught in a machine.

Place of publication: Publishing House of People’s commissariat of Health Care (Narkamzdrav), Moscow.

Date: Not earlier then 1917, not later then 1929

Process: Lithograph with image in black and white with green lettering.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 17 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dating note by I. Kotkina: Not later than 1929, because of the use of the word Mosgublit (“gub.” = “guberniya, “province”), which was only used until 1929.

 

Anti-capitalism, religion
No. 1 in the Anti-capitalism, religion, etc. Series

Series( subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 1

Short Title (English translation of Russian):  The tsar of those who rule and the god of those who have power.

Description of images: Pictures of priests, merchants, prime ministers, and presidents in front of their god “Holy Capital.”

Place of publication: unknown (probably a page from “Atheist Working at the lathe” magazine).

Date: unknown (1920-1932).

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 38 cm. x 28cm.

Artist: N. Kogout.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Pictures of priests, merchants, foreign presidents and prime ministers are depicted as saints on a Russian iconostasis.  Instead of god, on this iconostasis there is a picture of Capital, the god of all capitalists.

Series( subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 2

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Religion is a stumbling block for the progress of agricultural technology.

Description of images: A peasant loaded with religious paraphernalia is addressed by a party member in red.

Place of publication: unknown (probably a page from “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine).

Date: unknown (1920-1932).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 28 cm.

Artist: N. Kogout.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The party member is telling the peasant that he must get rid of religion because it is standing in the way of his plow. There is a short poem about religion and technology.

Series( subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 3

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “Let us stop playing games with priests; let us through into the pit all gods, all devils amnd all prejudices …”

Description of images: A peasant from the village puts into the pit God, saints, devils, and various characters of folk fairy tales.

Place of publication: unknown (because it has a page number, probably a page from “Atheist Working on the Lathe” magazine).

Date: 1920-1930.

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: God is portrayed as a the Russian Patriarch Tychon.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 4

Short Title (English translation of Russian): For peasants, belief in god is captivating, for priests, this puts money in their pockets.

Description of images: 5 pictures that show how priests cheat peasants.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing house “Atheist.”

Date: before 1929.

Process: Lithography in black, white, and brown.

Size (height by width, cm.): 63 cm. x 47 cm.

Artist: Sokolov A. S.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A poem that talks about how priests cheat peasants.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 5

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The Triumph of Christianity.

Description of images: Working people are carrying the cross instead of Christ, and a capitalist sits on the cross and holds the people on leashes.

Place of publication: Moscow, poster from the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: not later then 1929

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 51 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Capitalists and religion force people to work hard and to be unhappy.


Series (subject category):Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 6

Short Title (English translation of Russian): With the businesspeople

Description of images: Rothschild giving money to Christ and gendarme for the building of a new church and army barracks.

Place of publication: The Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe”

Date: not later then 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 26 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Includes information about Rothschild who built a church in Moravia which cost him 1.200.000 crowns and about the barracks that were built by the capitalists in Czechoslovakia.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion  

Number of Poster within the Series: 7 (2 copies)

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Foreign capitalists and native rich peasants wish to eat us alive in the name of the Father and Son.

Description of images: Three pictures: the first is of capitalists with cannons addressed by Christ, the second is of rich peasants and bourgeoisie addressed by God, and the last shows poor peasants listening to Bukharin.

Place of publication: Moscow, “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine (probably)

Date: no later then 1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor (probably).

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains a citation from Bukharin’s speech at the 14th Moscow conference about ways of moving toward socialism: cooperation and state industry.


Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 8

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Take off the blindfold and the savior will be on the blindfold..

Process: Chromolithography.

Description of images: A man holding a blindfold with an icon on it.

Place of publication: Moscow, probably “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine.

Date: 1920-1932.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Religion harms peasants.


Series (subject category): Anti capitalism, religion

Number of Poster within the Series: 9

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Summer.

Description of images: The picture is separated into two parts. On the left, there is a peasant being harmed by religion. This peasant’s wheat crop is dying. On the right, there is a peasant who is rid of religion. His crop of wheat is strong and he is the agriculturalist for his village.

Place of publication: Moscow, publishing house of “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 28 cm.

Artist: M. Kogouta.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Old religious prejudices are still strong in the villages.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 10

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The prayers of priests will not protect your crops from grasshoppers.  Even if you pray really hard, the marmots will not die because of your prayers.

Description of images: A priest holding a crucifix is praying with a peasant in a field full of grasshoppers.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: unknown (1920-1932)

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: A. Deineka.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Religion won’t help peasants solve their problems.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 11

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The sun gives the Earth light, warmth and nutrition. Life on Earth depends on the sun. The sun is responsible for the weather on Earth.

Description of images: There is a picture of the sun and the Earth and god is in the corner looking very surprised.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine.

Date: unknown (1920-1932).

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 35 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: M. Dobrokovski.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Teaching peasants that God does not exist because life on Earth depends on the sun.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc    

Number of Poster within the Series: 12

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The Sweetest Bloodsuckers

Description of images: Peasants give blood to a rich peasant and a fox who represents a grotesque depiction of religion of the clergy.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine.

Date: 1920-1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 26 cm.

Artist: N. Kogouta.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “Give your soul to Christ and give your meat to rich peasants!” Slogan against priests and rich peasants.

Series (subject category): Ant-Capitalism, religion

Number of Poster within the Series: 13

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Cunning Jehovah.

Description of images: A capitalist beats a Jewish worker, and a rabbi asks him to keep silent.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing house of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “Don’t scream!  God’s chosen people should live in close union, or you will be called a goy [=non-Jew]!


Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 14

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The creation of woman according to the Holy Scriptures.

Description of images: God is removing Adam’s rib in order to make a woman out of it with various tools.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist working at the lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “And God made a wife for Adam from Adam’s rib and called her Eve.”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 15

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Cunning Mechanics.

Description of images: On the bottom of the picture, several Communists are being arrested. On the top of the poster, Christ, the King of England, English lawyers , all controlled by a capitalist, are ordering the policeman to arrest the Communists.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist working at the lathe” magazine..

Date: 1920-1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 26 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Capital has used its mechanicisms: “In the name of god, the king, freedom and the law of 1797, the communists are taken to jail.”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 16

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “Every Socialist who is a member of the Internationale must be a Christian” (from McDonald’s speech).

Description of images: Dan. G. Hilferding, Henderson, Chernov, Adler, MacDonald, Vandervelde and Shtrezeman sing a chant, and a nun accompanies them on the piano.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 34 cm. x 24 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: During Christmas Eve “… Let us on Earth glorify you with a pure heart.”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 17

Short Title (English translation): Childrearing in the spirit of the present age.

Description of images: The figure of Capitol gives Christ child  to the capitalists Chernov, Dan, Gompers, McDonald, Sheidman, Toma, and Vandervelde dressed as governesses asking them to bring the child up in the sprit of the present age.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist working at lathe magazine”

Date: 1924.

Process: Black, white and brown lithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 34 cm. x 24 cm.

Artist: A. Deineka.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  Capitalists will use Christianity to their advantage and will modernize it.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 18

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Incorruptible.

Description of images: The skeletons of incorruptible Russian saints sit around a table with God in front of them. Saints: Prince Vladimir, Prince Gleb, Bishop Nikita, Isaiah from Rostov, Tychon, Mitrofan from Voronzeh, Alexander sverskii, Mstislav the Bold, Simon the Just, Paul Obnorskii, Euphrosyne from Polotsk.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: Deineka.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  “Father: ‘These saints have disgraced me. I am ashamed to show myself on Earth now!’”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of Poster within the Series: 19

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Atheist working at the lathe # 2

Description of images: The first page of the magazine: Sabaoth, Jehovah, and Allah invite Buddha to enter.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1924

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “You, Buddha, are the only exception. Come in.”  

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc

Number of poster within the Series: 20

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Trade in the USSR in 1924-25

Description of images: Two images: The black picture on the left shows an owner of individual enterprise, controlled by religion, water his plant. The red picture on the right shows the cooperative and state trades watering their plants.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1925 (or 1926)

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 26 cm.

Artist:  A. Deineka.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In 1924 the average state trade was 68-91%. The cooperative trade was 19%. The trade of the owners of individual enterprises was 11%

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 21

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The Miracle of the East

Description of images: A mullah  reading the Koran with others bringing offerings. Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of the magazine “Atheist Working at the Lathe.”

Date: 1920-1932

Process: Chromolithography     

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 26 cm.

Artist: M. Dobrokovski.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “When you read the Koran, your mouth starts to water. The saliva is holy water. When the sick drink holy water, they get well. Here is the mullah (holy man), here it is the inexhaustible well of holy water. Come on into my booth, pay your money and you will get your health. A great miracle! Great is Allah!”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 22

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Autumn

Description of images: A priest takes eggs from the peasants. The peasants’ field fills up with parasites.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine.

Date: 1920-1932

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 37 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist: D. Moor

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: There are different parasites in the fields of the peasants.  Priests are parasites too because they traditionally take things from the peasants.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 23

Short Title (English translation of Russian): For faith, the Tsar and the motherland

Description of images: The staff of the white guards. The White guards arrest one Bolshevik.

Place of publication: Moscow, P ublishing House of “Atheist Working at the Lathe” magazine.

Date: 1920

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 53 cm.

Artist: A. Deineka.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “The priest says: ‘Confess nasty man, God’s justice is coming. Shoot this Bolshevik!”  (On the back of the poster are several articles from the magazine.)

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 24

Short Title (English translation of Russian): It is full of state matters! (The sectarians)

Description of images: The religious service of the sectarians.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Atheist working in the lathe” magazine

Date: 1920-1932

Process:  Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 27 cm.

Artist:  D. Moor.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: “Brothers and sisters, enroll in our society. Let us live accordingly to the Gospel.  Here are the books. Here is the pious teacher. He will tell you that it is only in your imagination that one is poor, there are no rich peasants. We are all equal in the face of our lord Jesus Christ. “The old” and “the living,” those are indeed bourgeois religions and our faith in the religion of the Gospel, the only true faith ...”

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 25

Short Title (English translation of Russian): How religion is hammered into a man.

Description of images: 12 pictures showing different religions.

Place of publication: Moscow, Moscow Poligraphy Publishing House # 5

Date: before 1929

Process: Black and white lithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 73 cm. x 54 cm.

Artist: M. Kogut.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Religion doesn’t bring anything but harm into a man’s life.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 26

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Who are you with? Be quick to become a member of the cooperative!

Description of images: Two images: friends of cooperation: workers and peasants. Enemies of cooperation: rich peasants and merchants.

Place of publication: Moscow, publication of (Tsentrosoyuz) Central union of consumer societies

Date: 1920.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 70 cm. x 53 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Presents the differences between cooperative and private trade, and what peasants should do to make his cooperative stronger.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 27

Short Title (English translation of Russian): From murderer to saint.  The true event in Pavlousii Posad in Moscow Province.

Description of images: 14 pictures that show the story of the murderer who was canonized.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House “Atheist.”

Date: 1920

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 62 cm. x 47 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Images and poem that tell the story of the murderer Griaznov who became a merchant and was then canonized.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 28

Short Title (English translation of Russian): About renewal of  icons.

Description of images: 5 images that show how priests, rich peasants, and merchants renewed icons and lied to peasants by saying that their wells were full of holy water, in order to make money.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing house “Atheist.”

Date: 1920.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 69 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: A. Si. Sakolov.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 29

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Budget of the USSR 1917-1927

Description of images: 8 pictures that describe the budget in 1913 and the growth of the Soviet budget in 1917-1927.

Place of publication: Moscow, (AkhRR), Association of Revolutionary Articles.

Date: 1927 (1928).

Process: Chromolithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 55 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: V. Kostianits.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The budget and taxes in 1913 and after the revolution 1917 until 1927.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 30

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Taxes in percentages to the budget in 1913 and in 1926-27.

Description of images: Two images: Taxes in 1913 and  taxes in 1926-27.

Place of publication: Moscow, (AkhRR) Association of revolutionary artists.

Date: 1927 (or 1928).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 55 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: V. Kostianits.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Budget and taxes in 1913 and in 1926-27.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 31

Description of images: 6 images that show how expensive it is to deal with private trade and how useful it is to develop cooperation in villages.

Place of publication: Leningrad, publication of All-Russian Central Union of Consumers’ Association.

Date: before 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 45 cm. x 57 cm.

Artist: A. Radakov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Private trade brings only harm to peasants. To stop it they should develop cooperation in their villages.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 32

Short Title (English translation of Russian):

Description of images: Three images that illustrate the profits of cooperatives in villages.

Place of publication: Leningrad, publication of Au-Russian central union of Consumer’s Association.

Date: before 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 45 cm. x 57 cm.

Artist: A. Radakov.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Private trade brings only harm to peasants. To stop it, they should develop cooperation in their villages.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 33

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Let’s fight for full technical independence of the U.S.S.R.

Description of images: A Russian worker is showing a capitalist the words: “Struggle for full technical independence.”

Place of publication: Leningrad, Publishing house (0GIZ-JZoGIZ) Association of State Publishing House of Fine Arts.

Date: 1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 75 cm. x 106 cm.

Artist: Prutskii.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The picture shows the determination of the Soviet Union to be independent of international capitalism. It calls for a fight against forced imports and contains a quotation for Kuibyshev in which he says that in 1931, the U.S.S.R. can produce any machine in the world.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 34

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Let’s unmask anti-Soviet devices of capitalists and priests! Long live the proletarian revolution!

Description of images: The figure of Capitalism points towards the marking figures of the Pope and priests, and a man from the Red Army is shaking his fist at Capitolism and holding the Pope’s cloak.

Place of publication: Moscow; Leningrad, (OGIZ-IZOGIZ) Association of State Publishing Houses-State Publishing House of Fine Arts.

Date: 1932.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 70 cm. x 101 cm.

Artist: D. Moor.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 35

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Nine Beatitudes.

Description of images: Nine pictures that show how poor workers and peasants are exploited by rich capitalists, and priests who hide their exploitation behind the nine beatitudes.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House “Atheist.”

Date: 1925.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 106 cm. x 68 cm.

Artist: V. Triads.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Workers and peasants need to understand that faith in god brings only harm to them and brings profits to rich people. Under each picture that illustrates exploitation of poor people are words from the Nine Beatitudes.

Series (subject category): Anti-capitalism, religion, etc.

Number of poster within the Series: 36

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “Saviors of the world”: Zarathustra, Buddha, Krishna, Adonis, Osiris, Zeus, Mithras, Jesus Christ, Muhammad and other gods and heroes.

Description of images: Several pictures and photographs that show different gods and idols.

Place of publication: Publishing House “The Red Virgin Soil” (Krasnaia Nov) at GPP( Main Political Education Committee of the Narkompros RSFSR).

Date: 1923.

Process: Black-white and green lithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 107 cm. x 71 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: World religions, ancient and modern.

 

Aviation  Poster

                                                      No. 8 in the Aviation Series

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Airplane at War.

Description of images: 4 images that show different uses for airplanes at war.

Place of publication: Publishing House of MODVF (Moscow Society of Friends of the Air Force).

Date: not later then 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 68 cm. x 105 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Airplanes can be used at war in air battles, for bombarding the enemy’s rear, for signaling and communication between troop,s and for political communication.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Airplanes for non-military work during peace time.

Description of images: 4 images which show different uses for airplanes for projects during peace time.

Place of publication: Publishing House of MODVF (Moscow Society of Friends of the Air Force).

Date: not later then 1927.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 68 cm. x 105 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Airplanes can be used to transport people and mail between different regions of the country, spray land with insecticide to kill the insects on peasants’ land, fight fires, and patrol the land.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Aeronautics.

Description of images: 12 images of different lighter than air craft (balloons, dirigibles, and blimps).

Place of publication: Leningrad, Publishing House “Priboi” (Rollers).

Date: 1924 (or 1925).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 108 cm. x 138 cm.

Artist: N. N. Ivanov.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The history of lighter than air craft.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short Title (English translation of Russian): The airplane and its work.

Description of images: 35 images that show the history of aviation.

Place of publication: ODVF (Society of Friends of the Air Fleet).

Date: between 1923-1925.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 108 cm. x 138 cm.

Artist: K. K. Dretsulov.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The progress of aviation from its first days to 1924.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Aviomotor “Liberty” 400 horse-power.

Description of images: 11 images that show different parts of the motor.

Place of publication: Publishing House of Aviakhim (Society for Assistance to the Aviation and Chemical Construction of the USSR).

Date: 1925-1927.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 69 cm. x 103 cm.

Artist: N. Mahalov, N. Iaroshevskia.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Airport.

Description of images: 10 images that show an airport and its various specialized buildings and equipment.

Place of publication: Publishing House of Aviakhim (Society for Assistance to the Aviation and Chemical Construction of the USSR).

Date: 1925-1927.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 69 cm. x 103 cm.

Artist: N. Mahalov, N. Tarosevskaia.

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short Title (English translation of Russian): A model of the airplane “Junkers”

Description of images: The parts of a paper model airplane, which can be cut out and glued to together.

Place of publication: Moscow, publication of the magazine “Airplane.”

Date: not later then 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 52 cm. x 68 cm.

Artist: Pilot Fausen (?)

Series (subject category): Aviation.

Number of poster within the Series: 8

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Big flights organized by Aviakhim USSR in 1926.

Description of images: A map that shows where Soviet pilots flew and photographs of 4 pilots.

Place of publication: Publishing House of Aviakhim (Society for Assistance to the Aviation and Chemical Construction of the USSR).

Date: ca. 1926.

Process: Black and white lithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 54 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Photographs of the pilots : D. H. Mezheraup, Ia. N. Molseev, M.M. Gromov, and N. P. Shebanov.


Cooperatives Poster

No. 4 in the Cooperatives Series

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 1

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Year after year – full move!

Description of images: 21 images showing life in villages after the Revolution.

Place of publication: State Publishing house ( Moscow, Leningrad) Moscow

Date: 1930.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 103 cm. x 67 cm.

Artist: Kulikov.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The history of building collective farms and cooperatives in villages from 1917 to 1930.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 2

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Correspondence courses “Tsentrosoiuz” Moscow

Description of images: Big book with advertisement of courses.

Place of publication: Publishing House of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumer’s Societies)

Date: 1924.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 69 cm. x 103 cm.

Artist: N. Vronskii.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: This ad calls for the organization of courses around the country to study cooperation, social science, book-keeping , and merchandising.  The publishing house will send literature for free. 

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 3

Short Title (English translation of Russian): International cooperation under the leadership of  the Komintern (Communist International) is a tool in the class fight against capitalism, after the victory of the proletariat united  with the working peasants. Cooperation is one of the paths to Communism.

Description of images: 4 men fight a snake in front of the map of the USSR.

Place of publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumer’s Societies)

Date: 1919-1943.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 68 cm. x 79 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Long life to cooperation between worker and peasants. Proletarians of all countries must unite.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 4

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Trade Unions are the schools of communism.

Description of images: 9 images that show the growth of trade unions.

Place of publication: Moscow, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. 

Date: 1927 (or 1928).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 73 cm. x 54 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains two tables: the first shows the growth of trade unions in 1917-1927; the second table is a list of trade-union meetings in 1917-1926.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 5

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Cooperative enterprises in the U.S.S.R.

Description of images: Pictures show the profits that cooperation brings to the peasants.

Place of publication: Moscow, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. 

Date: 1927 (or 1928).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 71 cm. x 53 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains tables that show the growth of industrial and agricultural cooperation, the annual circulation of consumer and agricultural products, the growth in the organization of collective farms, the growth in the balance of fishing cooperatives , and state financial aid toward the construction of cooperative housing in 1923-1927.  

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 6

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Water transport worker! Go join the cooperative!

Description of images: A water transport worker holding a flag in his hand, on which the call to cooperation is printed, crosses the river toward the port with cooperative ships.

Place of publication: A publication of the Organizing Department of Tranposektiya (All

Union Central Autonomous Section of Consumers’ Cooperative Societies of Railroad and Water Transportation Workers at the Tsentrosoyuz (Central union of Consumers’ Societies). 

Date: 1920.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 53 cm. x 69 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Cooperation is a way to socialism.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 7

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Sell everything to the cooperative!

Description of images: Two male peasants talk to a female peasant who wants to sell a cow.

Place of publication: Publication of Vitpotrebsoyuz (All-Union Institute of Consumers’ Societies)

Date: 1924.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 55 cm. x 71 cm.

Artist: E. Minin.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Peasants should develop cooperative trade and sell everything to cooperatives, not to the private merchants who make profits for themselves on their trade.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 8

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Taxes for 10 years in the village.

Description of images: 6 images that show taxes in the villages from 1918-1926.

Place of publication: Moscow, (AKhRR) Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia.

Date: 1928 (or 1929).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 55 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about taxes and tables in percentages from 1918-1928.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 9

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Workers and peasants, study the laws of the Soviet Republic!

Description of images: 2 peasants and 2 workers read the laws of the Soviet Republic and a lot of books about law.

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing House of “Newspaper for Workers,” Moscow

Date: 1926.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 54 cm. x 71 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Advertisement for a law book publishing house.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 10

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “On the condition of full cooperation, we would already have socialism” - Lenin.

Description of images: The Poster only contains this quotation.

Place of publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumer’s Societies)

Date: 1920.

Process: Black and white lithography

Size (height by width, cm.): 37 cm. x 42 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 11

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Cooperation and the Market

Description of images: Diagrams and tables that show the growth of cooperative industry and the growth of the exchange of commodities of cooperative industry in 1923-1927

Place of publication: Moscow, Publishing \House “Young Guards.”

Date: 1927 (or 1928).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 51 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 12

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Fascists destroyed the cooperatives of workers in Bulgaria, Italy and Germany. Revolutionary proletariats build the cooperatives--the instruments of the struggle with the world bourgeoisie.   

Description of images: The poster only contains the passage.

Place of publication: Publication of Moscow Union of consumer’s societies.

Date: 1924.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 54 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 13

Short Title (English translation of Russian): “ In fact if the working class has the state power in its hands , if this state power has all the means of industry, indeed we have one problem to solve—the cooperation of the population” (Lenin)

Description of images: A photo of Lenin and the silhouette of a worker with a gun in his hands.

Place of publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumers’ Societies).

Date: before 1929.

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 61 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Series (subject category): Cooperatives.

Number of poster within the Series: 14

Short Title (English translation of Russian): Cooperation is a way to socialism

Description of images: 4 images representing progressive forms of cooperation: Team of horses, comradeship, workmen’s cooperative, commune in villages.

Place of publication: Publishing House “Young Guard.”

Date: 1926 (or 1927).

Process: Chromolithography.

Size (height by width, cm.): 36 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains tables that show the growth of cooperative organizations in villages in 1924-1925.

Note: This series (Cooperatives) has not yet entered in its entirety:

Series: Cooperatives.

Number of Poster within The Series: 15

Short Title: There is No Agriculture Without Industry.

Description of Images: 5 images which depict peasants using various agricultural machines.

Place of Publication: Young Guards Publishing House.

Date: 1926-27

Process: color lithography.

Size: 36cm x 52cm

Artist: Unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: contains two tables which demonstrate the positive growth of crops when farmed with the various agricultural machines.

Series: Cooperatives.

Number of Poster within The Series: 16

Short Title: We have courses in book-keeping, economics, and industry.

Description of Images: A peasant woman and a male laborer hold an advertisement for courses up to the viewer.

Place of Publication: Publication of The Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: color lithography.

Size: 109 cm x 93 cm

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The advertisement for courses contains information about the curriculum and cost of each course.

Series: Cooperatives.

Number of Poster within The Series: 17

Short Title: Take an Active Part in Cooperative Elections!

Description of Images: A young male worker calls for his fellow men to take an active part in the cooperative reelections.

Place of Publication: Publication of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: color lithography.

Size: 109cm x 93cm

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The poster contains a call to elect honest workers, men, women, and young people, not lazy individuals whose only interest is to spend state money.  

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within The Series: 18

Short Title: Cooperation is The Way to Communism.

Description of Images: A male laborer waving a communist flag stands defiantly on a platform amidst a large demonstration where workers have gathered.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: color lithography.

Size: 104 cm x 69 cm

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Among the Workers assembled, many of them carry flags which call to join the cooperatives. The majority of the slogans are in Russian, but one slogan in the foreground of the image is in French ("L'Union c'est La Force").

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within The Series: 19

Short Title: Workers and Peasants of The World, build cooperation on the idea of Leninism!

Description of Images: A worker and a peasant stand on a platform in front of a large demonstration of people from all different nations.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 104 cm x 70 cm

Artist: I.L.E. Belus (?)

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Cooperation of the Proletariat is the only way for Socialism to win over Capitalism.

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within the Series: 20

Short Title: “Worker Bee, Build Cooperation!”

Description of Images: A female laborer stands and points to a working factory. She holds in her hands pictures of a woman who has not joined a cooperative and is now living in destitution. On the right of the image are pictures of a woman who has joined the cooperative and is living prosperously, eating well and going to school.

Place of Publication: Publication of Central Union of Consumers Society.

Date: 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 106 cm x 69 cm

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments:  “Worker Bee! The great October Revolution made you the freest citizen in the world! Take advantage of your rights from the cooperative.”

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within the Series: 21

Short Title: Memo to Village Primary Consumer’s Society Cooperative.

Description of Images: Pictures, tables, and diagrams which show how cooperatives in villages should work.

Place of Publication: Publication of the Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 69cm x 102cm

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains the percentage of money which a cooperative should spend on different needs.

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within The Series: 22

Short Title: Peasant Woman! Cooperation is Your Friend!

Description of Images: A Peasant woman gazes at images of the profits of cooperation.

Place of Publication: Publication of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 106 cm x 70 cm

Artist: Vsevolod Filippov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Cooperation makes the life and labor of a peasant woman easier and more comfortable.

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within The Series: 23

Short Title: “Comrade, Your Factory is Your Pride!”

Description of Images: A man of immense size and strength stands over an industrial city, holding a tiny factory in his hands.

Place of Publication: Berlin

Date: approximately 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 95 cm x 69 cm

Artist: Peffer

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In the lower left quadrant of the poster there is a star shaped seal from presumably the publishing company.

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within Series: 24

Short Title: “Men and Women, Workers and Peasants Follow the Advice of Lenin, Strengthen cooperation. Our power is in Union!”

Description of Images: A peasant man and woman stand on tools of agriculture and books, holding a banner which reads, “Men and women workers, men and women peasants, follow the advice of Lenin, strengthen the cooperative, our power is in unity!”

Place of Publication: Publication of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1920

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 104 cm x 70 cm

Artist: L. Eme L’ianor

Series: Cooperatives

Number of Poster within The Series: 25

Short Title: “Young People- Join the Cooperative!”

Description of the Images: A young boy and girl stand holding flags amidst a cooperative meeting of young people.

Place of Publication: Publication of Central Union of Consumer’s Society.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 105 cm x 68 cm

Artist: Filippov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A Call for Young People to be Active Members of the Cooperative.

 

 

 

 Economics Poster

No. 2 in the Economics Series

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 1

Short Title: How a Soviet Town Works

Description of Images: 17 illustrations which depict the activities of an ideal Soviet town

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 36 cm. x 51cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Describes the functions of a Soviet town.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 2

Short Title: The Growth of the Communist Party and the Young Communist League

Description of Images: Tables and diagrams

Place of Publication:  Publishing House of Young Guards; Moscow.

Date: 1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 36 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Number of Communists and members of the Young Communist League among workers and peasants in Russia from 1924-1926.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 3 (2 copies)

Short Title: The Economic Map of the European Part of the USSR.

Description of Images: A map of the USSR with symbols representing the modes of production of each geographical region and how this contributes to the overall economy of Russia.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 52 cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about the geographical locations of the western Soviet Union’s natural resources and how they contribute to the overall economy of the nation.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 4 ( 2 copies)

Short Title: How The World is Divided.

Description of Images: A map of the world color coded and labeled according to the different political regions.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 35 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Political map of the world.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 5 (2 copies)

Short Title: Economic Map of the Asiatic Part of the USSR

Description of Images: A map on which is located a symbol for the economic contribution of each region.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 35cm. x 52cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about the geographical locations of the Asiatic Soviet Union’s natural resources and how they contribute to the overall economy of the Soviet Union.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 6

Short Title: Tasks of the Members of the Young Communist League.

Description of Images: 6 images which show what members of the Young Communist League should be doing.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 52cm. x 35cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Images: Serves as an instructive example for members of the Young Communist League.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 7

Short Title: Tasks of Our Industry

Description of Images: On one side of the poster there are 4 images which show unacceptable behavior of a citizen, for example, smoking, being lazy, misusing and carelessly letting food spoil. On the other side of the poster are 5 images of laborers completing tasks, exhibiting exemplary behavior.

Place of Publication:  Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow

Date: 1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 36 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A message regarding the need for Soviet industry to be developed and rid of imperfections. Includes information about the number of goods produced by industry in 1926.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 8

Short Title: Trade Unions are Schools of Communism.

Description of Images: 4 illustrations that show the activities of trade unions.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 52cm. x 36 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains tables displaying information about trade unions before and after October 1917, during the Russian Civil War, and afterwards during peacetime.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster with in Series: 9

Short Title: The Communist Party is the Leader in Building World Socialism.

Description of Images: Lenin’s portrait along with photos of various modern industrial projects like factories and railroads.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1926-1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 52cm. x 35 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Images: Contains information about the number of members of The Communist Party in 1926.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 10

Short Title: “Our Way to Socialism; The Economy of the USSR is Becoming Socialized”

Description of Images: Pictures and tables of economic progress in Soviet Russia.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow

Date: 1926-1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 36 cm. x 51 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about how new Soviet industry was being socialized in 1925-1926

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 11

Short Title: How Soviet Power Helps Poor Peasants

Description of Images: 9 images which depict poor peasants benefiting from socialism in a number of ways, for example public education and job opportunities.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1926-1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 36 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information and statistics about how peasants were aided by the Soviet government in the year 1924 as well as a quotation from Molotov.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 12

Short Title: How the Volost Executive Committee should work.

Description of Images: 14 pictures which show the work of the executive committee.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Young Guards,’ Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color lithography.

Size: 36 cm. x 52 cm..

Artist: unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information on the expenses of the ideal executive committee, citing Lenin and Molotov.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 13

Short Title: The Map of Electrified Russia.

Description of Images: A map depicting the regions of Russia which have been electrified.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow.

Date: 1921

Process: Color lithography.

Size: 54 cm. x 71 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Depicts the regions of Russia which have and have not been electrified.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 14

Short Title: The Total Amount of Reestablished Industry.

Description of Images: 10 pictures of different types of factories.

Place of Publication: Association of Painter of Revolutionary Russia.

Date: 1927

Process: Color lithography.

Size: 55cm. x 72 cm..

Artist: Unknown.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Compares information about factory production in 1913 with that of 1926-27.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 15

Short Title: Scheme of Progress in the Revolutionary Movement in Russia,1862-1925.

Description of Images: Visualization of the scheme.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Workers “Priboi” (“Rollers”), Leningrad.

Date: 1925-1926

Process: Color lithography

Size: 70 cm. x 200 cm.

Artist: F.K. Balakov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains the schemes of the revolutionary movement and economic development in Russia, 1862-1925.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 16

Short Title: “Let’s Lend Our Earnings for Two Weeks To Our State! Let’s Fulfill The Five Year Plan In Four Years!”

Description of Images: A factory worker holds money out in his hands.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow

Date: 1930

Process: Color lithography

Size: 104 cm. x 73 cm.

Artist: Voronov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: An appeal for a government loan.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 17

Short Title: How Soviet Power Reestablished The Economy.

Description of Images: 16 pictures of industry, workers, and agriculture.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow.

Date: 1926-1927

Process: Color lithography

Size: 73 cm. x 105 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Displays the progress of industry, agricultural production, and the earnings of workers in the years 1917, 1920, 1924/25, 1925/26.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 18

Short Title: Public Report of the Government of Central Workers Cooperative in Tula, 1924-1925.

Description of Images: Tables, diagrams, and articles regarding the cooperative in Tula.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Tula.

Date: 1925-1926

Process: Color lithography

Size: 117 cm. x 83 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Information about consumers, goods, workers, earnings, food trade, and government of the Cooperative in Tula.

Series: Economics

Number of Poster within the Series: 19

Short Title: Lenin and the Female Worker

Description of Images: A female laborer holds a poster.

Place of Publication: Publishing house ‘Fight Against Ignorance of Reading and Writing.

Date: 1926

Process: Color lithography

Size: 95cm. x 62cm.

Artist: S. Rossopovskii, S. Prussov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains quotations from Lenin about women and information on the number of women taking part in socialist society.

 

Health Poster

No. 4 in the Education Series

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 1

Short Title: The Story of Nikita Pakhomov

Description of Images: The poster depicts two images of a man. The first image on the left is of a drunken man holding a bottle; behind him his farm is in a state of disarray.  The second image is of the same man reading from a book, standing in front of his prosperous and well ordered farm.

Place of Publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumers Society), Moscow.

Date: 1917

Size: 36 cm. x 45 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The poster tells the story of Nikita Pakhomov who was a drunkard before he learned to read and write. As soon as Nikita made himself an educated man and learned to read and write, he became a good and wealthy man.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 2

Short Title: “Use Your Brains to Read a Book!”

Description of Images: A peasant boy reads a large book.

Place of Publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumers’ Societies).

Date:1917

Process: Color lithography

Size: 24 cm. x 45 cm.

Artist: unknown

Summary of contents: People should read and write and be reading books.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 3

Short Title: Knowledge is Not a Joke, A Book is Not a Turnip. You Can Read a Book in a Minute, But You Will Remember it For a Long Time To Come.

Place of Publication: Publication of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumers’ Societies)

Description of Images: A family of peasants, a dog, a cat, and a mouse, working together, pull from a large pile a book entitled “Cooperation.”  This is inspired by a Russian folk tale in which the same characters pull a large turnip from the ground.  

Date: 1917

Process: Color lithography

Size: 24 cm. x 52 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Peasants should educate themselves by reading books about law and agriculture.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 4

Short Title: Eudocia—A Member of the Young Communist League.

 Description of Images: The poster  comprises three images. The first image on the left is of a young girl, Eudocia, reading the newspaper to a group of peasant women. The second image in the center of the poster is a full length portrait of Eudocia. The third image on the right side of the poster depicts a scene in which a rich peasant proposes marriage to Eudocia, and she refuses him.

Date: 1928

Process: Color lithography

Size: 43 cm. x 57 cm.

Artist: M. Sokolov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Eudocia is a member of the Young Communists League and teaches peasants to read and write. When a rich peasant proposed marriage to Eudocia, she refused him, because rich peasants are enemies of the Young Communists League.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 5

Short Title: Dependence on Knowledge on How to Read and Write [Contingent] on Dimensions of the Areas Sown.  Amount of  Working People’s Earnings and Expenses Depends on Their Knowledge of Reading and Writing.  Expenses for Cultural and Educational Needs in Relation to the Total Expenses of Working People.

Description of Images: Illustrated tables and diagrams.

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Red Virgin Land’ Main Political Education Committee, Moscow.

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains literacy statistics for Simbrisk and Kaluga provinces before WWI, as well as tables displaying earnings and expenses of working people before WWI and in 1922.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 6

Short Title: Literacy amongst the Population of the European Region of Russia in Cites and Villages.

Description of Images: Illustrated tables and diagrams.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Red Virgin Land” Main Political Education Committee, Moscow

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Tables displaying literacy statistics from both cities and villages in 1897 and 1920.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 7

Short Title: Education in Russia in the Last Quarter of the 19th and First Quarter of the 20th Century.

Description of Images: Illustrated tables and diagrams

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Red Virgin Land’ Main Political Education Committee, Moscow.

Date: 1924  

Process: Color lithography

Size: 70 cm. x 107 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Images: The poster displays statistics of the percentage of boys and girls attending schools in Russia from 1894-1923 as well as the percentage of pupils who completed their education in 1910. In addition there are tables of the age of pupils in schools and the distance of schools from the pupils’ homes.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 8

Short Title: Education in Schools in Russia in the Last Quarter of the 19th Century and the First Quarter of the 20th Century.

Description of Images: Illustrated tables and diagrams

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Red Virgin Land’ Main Political Education Committee, Moscow

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 70 cm. x 107 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Statistics on the number of elementary schools and pupils, 1910-1923, number of pupils in on school, number of pupils per 1,000, number of pupils per teacher, and number of kilometers (versts) per school district.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 9

Short Title: Literacy for recruits in Russia and in Germany.  Literacy in Russia in 1920.

Description of Images: Illustrated table and map

Place of Publication: Publishing House ‘Red Virgin Land’ Main political Education Committee, Moscow

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The table shows the number of German and Russian troops, 1883-1920. The Map shows the regions of Russia and Serbia where there were higher literacy rates.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 10

Short Title: Elementary School Teachers in Russia

Description of Images: Diagrams and tables

Date:1924

Place of Publication: ‘Red Virgin Land,’ Publishing House of the Political Education Committee of the Narkompros, Moscow.

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Visual presentation of statistics as to the number of elementary school teachers in the 21 provinces of European Russia in the years 1914, 1920, and 1923, gender of teacher in 1880, 1894, 1911, 1914, and 1914, and .  the age and educational level of teachers in 1910, 1911, and 1920; also monthly earnings in cities and villages in 1911 and 1923 and a comparison of yearly earnings of Russian teachers to teachers in other countries.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 11

Short Title: Libraries in Russia.

Description of Images: Diagrams and tables.

Place of Publication: “Red Virgin Land”. Publishing House of the Political Education Committee of the Narkompros, Moscow

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 70cm. x 107 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Statistics as to the number of books and readers in libraries in five provinces in European Russia (Moscow, Tver, Iaroslavl, Vladimir, Ivanovo-Voznesensk) in 1911 and 1920-23.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 12

Short Title: Students at Institutes and Universities R.S.F.S.R. in the 1923-24 academic year.

Description of Images: Diagrams and tables

Place of Publication: “Red Virgin Land”. Publishing House of the Political Education Committee of the Narkompros, Moscow.

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The social composition of the students, breakdown by gender, percentage of pupils in schools, percentage of various students studying in various institutes

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 13

Short Title: Infants homes and kindergartens in R.S.F.S.R

Description of Images: Diagrams and tables illustrated with images of children and school houses.

Place of Publication: ‘Red Virgin Land,’ Publishing House of the Political Education Committee of the Narkompros, Moscow.

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Kindergartens in 1920 and 1923, infant names in 1920 and 1923, number of children and teachers, and birthplaces and professions of the children’s parents.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 14

Short Title: Educational Expenses in Russia.

Description of Images: Diagrams and tables.

Place of Publication: ‘Red Virgin Land,’ Publishing House of the Political Education Committee of the Narkompros, Moscow.

Date: 1924

Process: Color lithography

Size: 107 cm. x 70 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Displays the sum of expenses from the state budget in the years 1908-1924, from the district budget from the years 1913 and 1924, and the sum of yearly expenses from both budgets in 1913 and 1924.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 15

Short Title: “Communists are powerful only when they have at their command all the intellectual wealth which has been created by humanity.” –Lenin

Description of Images: Workers are shown taking books from shelves and holding tools of learning such as microscopes.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow

Date: 1925

Size: 108 cm. x 72 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The poster emphasizes the notion that to be a communist one must educate oneself to one’s fullest potential.

Series: Education

Number of Poster within the Series: 16

Short Title: Metrical Measures

Description of Images: Table of measures

Place of Publication: State Technical Publishing House

Date: 1920

Process: Color lithography

Size: 69 cm. x 106 cm.

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The poster displays the metrical system of measures.

 

Health  Poster

No. 15 in the Health Series

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 1

Short Title: Dirty Narrow Workshops Encourage The Progress of Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: A scene depicting several workers in a crowded printing office. One of them is coughing up blood.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 2

Short Title: The Dirty House Encourages The Progress of Tuberculosis. While Eating From Common Dishes, It Is Easy To Spread The Infection of Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: A scene depicting a dirty house in which a woman gives food to her children from common dishes. A man seated on the bed is coughing up blood.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 3

Short Title: Clean and Light-Filled Schools Keep Children Healthy and Decreases the Number of Tuberculosis Infections.

Description of Images: A teacher explains something to children sitting around a table in a clean and light-filled class room.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health).

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm.

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 4

Short Title: Cleanliness and Fresh Air Are The Best Things To Prevent Tuberculosis.  Fresh Air Heals Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: Depicts a sick man sitting in bed by an open window as a woman mops the floor.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narzkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow. 

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm.

Artist: S. Iaguzinskii.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Those infected with tuberculosis should be treated in clean rooms with fresh air.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 5

Short Title: Alcoholism Destroys Your Body. People Who Drink Alcohol Are Very Often Infected With Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: Depicts a bar scene in which drunken men sit around a table looking sick and lethargic.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm.

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 6

Short Title: Working Too Hard Encourages the Progress of Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: Depicts a woman who sitting up is asleep in front of a sewing machine, surrounded by stacks of material to work on.  

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 7

Short Title: Fresh Air Strengthens Health, Fresh Air Treats Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: Several Patients lie in hospital beds on an open porch breathing fresh, winter air.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926.

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 27 cm x 34 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 8

Short Title: Our Workshops Should Be Clean and Spacious to Prevent Tuberculosis.

Description of Images: Depicts workers in a clean and spacious workshop.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography.

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Workshops in factories must be clean and spacious for the health of the workers.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 9

Short Title: The Infection of Consumption (Tuberculosis) is Carried in the Saliva of Sick People.  Do Not Spit on The Floor.

Description of Images: An ill peasant woman spits on the floor next to her children.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 31 cm x 31 cm

Artist: A.K. (?)

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 10

Short Title: Keep Workshops Clean and Windows Open. Cleanliness and Fresh Air Prevent Consumption (Tuberculosis).

Description of Images: An old and young shoemaker work happily in a clean shop in front of an open window.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 31 cm x 31 cm

Artist: A.K. (?)

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 11

Short Title: A Clean, Light-Filled House Prevents Consumption (Tuberculosis). Allow Sunlight and Fresh Air Into Your House.

Description of Images: Two women in a clean light-illed house teach their children to read.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 31 cm x 31 cm

Artist: A.K. (?)

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 12

Short Title: To Protect Children From Infection Do Not Kiss Them On The Lips and Give Them More Fresh Air and Sunlight.

Description of Images: A young peasant mother sits in the fresh air and sunlight with her child and pushes away an old woman who tries to kiss the child.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 31 cm x 31 cm

Artist: A.K. (?)

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 13

Short Title: Infection of Consumption (Tuberculosis) is Tranmitted Through Dirty Dishes. Clean Dishes With Hot Water. Don’t Eat From Common Dishes.

Description of Images: Depicts the inside of a home where a girl cleans dishes with hot water while a man and boy wash their hands in preparation for dinner.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), Moscow.

Date: 1926 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 31 cm x 31 cm

Artist: A.K. (?)

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Prevent Tuberculosis Infection.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 14

Short Title: What is Rickets and How to Combat It.

Description of Images: Three images depicting: children and an adult afflicted with rickets, a mother bottle-feeding her baby and her older child with rickets, and a larger image of a mother breast-feeding her baby and feeding her children vegetables thus protecting them from rickets.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 53 cm x 69 cm.

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Mothers should breastfeed their children and give them vegetables as well as plentiful fresh air and sunlight.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 15

Short Title: How to Take Care of A Child

Description of Images: Five pictures that demonstrate good and bad child care techniques.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 54 cm x 70 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinskii

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Mother’s should not sleep in the same bed with their children and they should not put their children in tight clothes that restrict their movements.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 16

Short Title: What Every Woman Should Know.

Description of Images: Diagrams of a woman’s mid section before, during, and after pregnancy.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 49 cm x 65 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 17

Short Title: Cleanliness and Fresh Air Will Preserve Children’s Health

Description of Images: Three images: One of a dirty house, one of a clean house, and one of a woman walking with a child outside.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 52 cm x 66 cm

Artist: A.K.

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Dirt encourages all kinds of disease. Wash your child everyday, keep the house clean, walk with your child, and give him fresh air and sunshine.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 18

Short Title: A Miscarriage Caused By a Midwife or an Accoucheur Not Only Maims Women But Often Causes Death.

Description of Images: Three Images: one of a midwife gives an unidentified drink to a woman to provoke a miscarriage, one of a woman dying in a hospital, and one of a funeral.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 54 cm x 69 cm.

Artist:  S. Iaguzhinskii

Additional Text or Descriptive comments: All miscarriages are harmful, a midwife or accoucheur who causes a miscarriage commits a crime.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 19

Short Title: Why Do So Many Children Die Before Reaching A Year Old?

Description of Images: Four images: showing a mother her child after feeding, sleeping, and ill; image with mothers from Switzerland, England, Italy, Germany, and Russia.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 54 cm x 69 cm.

Artist:  O. Goriun

Additional Text or Descriptive comments: Mothers who take care of children in a correct way prevent death.  Out of 100 children, 9 die in Switzerland, 14 in England, 17 in Italy, 20 in Germany, and 26 in Russia.  In summer, out of 1,000, 144 children die because of eating disorders, in spring 73, in autumn 63, in winter 67. 

 

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 20

Short Title: What Every Woman Should Know

Description of Images: Four pictures which show correct and incorrect behavior for women during pregnancy. 

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 51 cm x 66 cm

Artist: O. Goriun

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Woman should use the help of a professional doctor, not a midwife without formal education. Edema during pregnancy should be treated in the hospital.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within The Series: 21

Short Title: What the Village Sanitary Commissions are doing.

Description of Images: Six pictures that show the work of the commissions.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Rostoven-Don.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 72 cm x 103 cm

Artist: A. Komarov

Additional Text or Descriptive Contents: Commissions organize kindergartens in villages in the summer, give aid to schools and hospitals, vaccinate children, and monitor sanitary conditions of village water wells.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 22

Short Title: We Should Treat Syphilis.

Description of Images:  Pictures of children with syphilis, descriptions of how syphilis is spread and tables displaying statistics of how many people are infected with syphilis.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Moscow.

Date: 1925 (or 1929).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 72 cm x 107 cm

Artist: A.A. Ioff (?)

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about the number of infected people in cities and villages and ways of transmitting disease. Also contains information about infected children born from mothers with syphilis.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 23

Short Title: We Shall Defeat Tuberculosis in Our Struggle For A Healthy Existence.

Description of Images: A woman shows a girl a scene of happy children playing in the forest and swimming in the river.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Moscow.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 79 cm x 106 cm

Artist: M. Gortynskaia

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 24

Short Title: How To Suckle a Child

Description of Images: Seven pictures which instruct on how to suckle a child, how many times per day to do it, and what a suckling mother should and should not eat.

Place of Publication:  Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 72 cm x 109 cm

Artist: S. Iaguzhinski

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A woman should suckle a child younger than six months; once he is older she can feed him with a bottle. Peasant women should take the children to the field and feed them seven times a day. Women who are suckling should not drink alcohol.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 25

Short Title: Peasant Women Themselves Are Responsible For The Protection of Motherhood and Infancy in the Village.

Description of Images: Five pictures which illustrate what should be done in villages.

Place of Publication:  Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 109 cm x 72cm

Artist: A.A. Ioff

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: There should be a doctor in each village and kindergartens in the summer.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 26

Short Title: Protect Woman/Mother

Description of Images: Three pictures which show a pregnant peasant woman working hard.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Leningrad.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 109 cm x 72 cm

Artist: A. Komarov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The master of the peasant house takes care of his pregnant horse and cow but doesn’t take care of his pregnant wife.  Peasant!  Free your wife from hard work.   Don’t let her carry heavy things—this is harmful to her and the child.

Series: Health

Number of Poster Within Series: 27

Short Title: Microbes of Infectious Diseases.

Description of Images: 19 pictures which show different types of microbes and a man researching microbes with a microscope.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Narkomzdraw (People’s Commissariat of Public Health), The Division of Mother’s and Children’s Care, Moscow.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 101 cm x 67 cm

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains text that describes different microbes and their harmful affects on the body.

 

 

Industrial Safety Poster

No. 4 in the Industrial Safety Series

 

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 1

Short Title: Don’t Run A Cart At Excessive Speed.

Description of Images: Two men working in a mine push a cart at excessive speed, and it goes off the tracks and runs over another worker.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: before 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 35 cm x 53 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 2

Short Title: Be Careful With Fire.

Description of Images: The poster is divided into the two images; the first image depicts a cigarette that has been tossed to the ground, starting a fire. The second image depicts a factory up in flames as the workers watch from outside.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 53 cm x 35 cm

Artist: M. (?)

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 3

Short Title: Elevators Doors Should Be Closed!

Description of Images: A thief climbing into a half opened elevator door.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 54 cm x 34 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 4

Short Title: An Unenclosed Saw Is Dangerous.  Is That Clear?

Description of Images: A worker works safely with an enclosed saw while next to him another worker cuts his fingers badly with an unenclosed saw.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 35 cm x 53 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 5

Short Title: The Ventilator Is A Friend Of Labor.  Always Have It Working.

Description of Images: One worker over heats because the ventilator does not work. Another worker works in comfort, because the ventilator is working.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 35 cm x 53 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 6

Short Title: Be Careful! Stand Aside! Don’t Stand Under A Crane!

Description of Images: Two workers are crushed under a crane.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 53 cm x 35 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 7

Short Title: Don’t Lift Heavy Loads Without The Aid of A [Supporting] Device.

Description of Images: Two workers attempt to bring a cask up flight of stairs without a supporting device, and one worker falls down beneath the cask. A second image demonstrates how to bring up a cask safely with the proper device.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: 1925 (?)

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 53 cm x 35 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 8

Short Title: What Is More Pleasant To Wear: Glasses or An Artificial Eye?

Description of Images: A worker without protective glasses damages his eyes while working with hot liquid. Another worker protects his eyes from the liquid by wearing protective glasses.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: 1925 (?)

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 9

Short Title: Don’t Work Without Protective Enclosures (in place)

Description of Images: A worker who is working without protective enclosures becomes entangles in the mechanism of a machine and is in danger of serious injury or death.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: 1925 (?)

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 53 cm x 35 cm

Artist: unknown

Series: Industrial Safety

Number of Poster Within Series: 10

Short Title: Don’t Eat in The Workshop!

Description of Images: The poster is divided into two images. The image on the left depicts a worker with dirty hands eating a piece of bread in a workshop. The image on the right depicts the same worker ill and shown taking medicine in the hospital. 

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Questions of Labor”, Moscow.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 35 cm x 53 cm

Artist: M. (?)

 

Political Poster

No. 2 in the Political and Historical Series

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 1

Short Title: Campaign Center

Description of Images: Soldiers of the Red Army are leaving a campaign center where they received rifles and documents to their enlistment.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow.

Date: 1925

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 37 cm x 53 cm

Artist: SM Karpov

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 2

Short Title: Entry of the Vanguard of the Red Army into Krasnoiarsk in January 1920.

Description of Images: Red Army soldiers are welcomed by the people of Krasnoiarsk.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Moscow.

Date: 1925 (?)

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 37 cm x 55 cm

Artist: N.M. Nikonov

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 3

Short Title: Let’s Give Cheap Bread to Cities! Let’s Give Cheap Goods To Villages! Let’s Raise the Economies of Cities and Villages and Strengthen Their Unity!

Description of Images: Text only, no images.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumer’s Societies), Moscow.

Date: 1925 (or before 1929).

Process: Black and White Lithography

Size: 37 cm x 72 cm

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 4

Short Title: Our Fraternal Welcome To Prisoners of Capital Oppressed in the Torture Chambers of The Bourgeoisie.

Description of Images: Text only, no images.

Place of Publication: Publishing House of Tsentrosoyuz (Central Union of Consumer’s Societies).

Date: 1925 (or before 1929).

Process: Black and White Lithography

Size: 36 cm x 72 cm

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 5

Short Title: October [1917] in Villages.

Description of Images: Eight illustrations which show life of peasants before, during and after revolution.

Place of Publication: AKHRR (Association of Painters of Revolutionary Russia), Moscow.

Date: 1927

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 55 cm x 72 cm

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains Lenin’s statements about the peasant’s life. Before the Revolution peasants had 55.4 % of land, land owners had 44.6% of land; after the Revolution peasants had 96% of land, the state and collective farms had 4%.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 6

Short Title: [The Magazine] “Young Bolshevik” Educates Successors To The Old Bolsheviks.

Description of Images: A young worker reads the magazine “Young Bolshevik.”

Place of Publication: Publishing House “New Moscow”.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 61 cm x 44 cm

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Serves as an ad for the magazine “Young Bolsheviks”.

 

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 7

Short Title: “Pioneer’s Pravda.”  There’s No Knowledge Without A Newspaper, Be Ready, Read The Newspaper!

Description of Images: Photographic image of a young boy and girl reading the newspaper.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “New Moscow”.

Date: 1925 (or 1926).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 63 cm x 47 cm

Artist: Zubkov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Serves as an ad for a newspaper for children, “Pioneer’s Pravda.”  

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 8

Short Title: Here Workers Can Enter The United Cooperative “Communard”.

Description of Images: Text only, no images.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Cooperative Publishing House”, Moscow.

Date: bf 1929

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 44 cm x 62 cm

Artist: NA

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Ad for the Cooperative “Communard.”

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 9

Short Title: Subscribe to The Magazine “Drum” for Young Pioneers.

Description of Images: A young boy beating a drum.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “New Moscow”.

Date: 1925 (or 1926)

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 72 cm x 53 cm

Artist: V. Suteev

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Advertisement for the magazine containing information regarding prices.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 10

Short Title: Long Live All Peoples! Women Communists Day—March 8th!

Description of Images: A woman hangs a flag in front of a large crowd of women from different countries.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Leningrad.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 77 cm x 56 cm

Artist: A. Si. Sokolov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: All women all over the world should unite.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 11

Short Title: The Scheme of How The VKP(b) Works.

Description of Images: A stepped tower that displays how the VKP(b) [=All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks)] works.

Place of Publication: Voronezh Publishing House.

Date: between 1922 and 1929.

Process: Black and White Lithography.

Size: 84 cm x 64 cm

Artist: P.A. Baranov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: The stepped tower displays all the levels of the VKP(b), and there is a description which explains how the VKP(b) works.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 12

Short Title: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Description of Images: Pictures, text and photos of leaders of republics.

Place of Publication: AKHRR (Association of Painters of Revolutionary Russia).

Date: 1927

Process: Color Lithography.

Size: 107 cm x 136 cm

Artist: unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Contains information about how the USSR was founded and about the leaders of the various republics.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 13

Short Title: Greeting to Our Dear Stalin! Parades of Physical Culture are a Strong Demonstration of the Power and Invincibility of the Soviet People.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House of Art, Moscow, Leningrad.

Date: 1938

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 103 cm x 68 cm

Artist: Pibardin

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 14

Short Title: Long Live the Fraternal Union and Great Friendships of All the People of the USSR!

Description of Images: A number of people representing different nationalities from the USSR carry red flags and take part in a parade on Red Square.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House of Art, Moscow, Leningrad.

Date: 1938

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 101cm x 68 cm

Artist: V. Elkin

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: On each of the red flags in the parade is written “Greetings to Great Stalin” in various languages of the USSR. 

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 15

Short Title: Long Live Soviet Sportsmen!

Description of Images: A man holding a gun strikes an acrobatic pose on a motorcycle while a woman stands above him on the motorcycle holding a flag with Stalin’s profile on it.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House of Art, Moscow, Leningrad.

Date: 1939

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 95 cm x 62 cm

Artist: A. Druzkov, I. Shagin

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 16

Short Title: Strengthen the Union between Workers and Peasants according to Lenin’s precepts.

Description of Images: A worker and a peasant together read a book with Lenin’s portrait and the dates 21/I 1924 - 21/I 1925 on the cover.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Leningrad.

Date: 1924 (or 1925).

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 109 cm x 68 cm

Artist: M. Ushakov- Poskochin

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: A call to strengthen cooperation between villages and cities.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 17

Short Title: The Constitution of USSR.

Description of Images: Text of the constitution surrounded by photographs of the leaders of each of the eighteen People’s Commissariats.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House, Leningrad.

Date: 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 73 cm x 106 cm

Artist: Unknown

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 18

Short Title: The IIIrd Communist International. Everybody Join the Communist International!

Description of Images: Seventeen photographs, including meetings of the Congress of the Communist International as well as portraits of the leaders of the IIIrd International .

Place of Publication: The Publication of Agitation Division of Central Political Education, Leningrad.

Date: 1925 (?)

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 108 cm x 72 cm

Artist: Unknown

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Long live the Communist International—staff   of the world’s Communist revolution.  Flag—Lenin, Weapons—Leninism, Aim—World     Revolution.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 19

Short Title: Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks.

Description of Images: Photo portraits of Bukharin, Voroshilov, Zinov’ev, Kalinin, Stalin, Molotov, Rykov, Tomskii, Trotsky.

Place of Publication: Publishing House “Lenin’s Corner”.

Date: April 4, 1926

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 106 cm x 68 cm

Artist: Petchara

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 20

Short Title: First of May. Let us Struggle for the Five Year Plan, For the Tempo of Bolshevism, For Defense of the USSR, For a Universal October [Revolution].

Description of Images: A meeting of people at a large factory on the first of May.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House of Art, Moscow, Leningrad.

Date: 1931

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 104 cm x 73 cm

Artist: Klutsis

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: Lets work hard to finish the Five Year Plan.

Series: Political and Historical

Number of Poster Within Series: 21

Short Title: 1905

Description of Images: “1905” in large and bloody numbers across the sky.  Below, in the foreground, a scene depicting dead and wounded workers, one reaching for a revolver, while another raises a fist; in the middle ground, mounted troops in a line with an officer pointing with his sword toward a factory to the right; in the background left, gallows.

Place of Publication: State Publishing House Moscow, Leningrad.

Date: 1931

Process: Color Lithography

Size: 78 cm x 109 cm

Artist: M. Avilov

Additional Text or Descriptive Comments: In memory of the workers revolt of 1905.