24th Annual Science Symposium
All abstracts must be in Microsoft Word.
Do not use lines, boxes, or borders.
You must have a title, presenter name(s), class year(s), and faculty sponsor(s) info.
Abstract should briefly summarize (up to 300 words) the introduction, methods, results and conclusions of your research. Abstracts longer than 300 words will be truncated.
Be sure to spell check and proofread your document.
Have your faculty sponsor check your abstract before you submit it on web form page.
ANALYSIS OF TIRE RUBBER LEACHATE WITH A BACTERIAL MUTAGENESIS ASSAY
Sara Benevento ‘06
Faculty Sponsor: Alison J. Draper
Rubber particles from automobile tires wear off with use and contribute to water pollution as they leach harmful chemicals into the environment. In an effort to examine the effects of these water-soluble chemicals, Salmonella typhimurium was used to assess the mutagenicity of tire rubber leachate. Tire tread particles were leached in hard water for 10 days at room temperature with constant agitation, filtered through a 0.45 µm nylon membrane and stored at 4ºC until use. The leachate was concentrated 10- and 100-fold with a C-18 solid phase extraction column, extracted into hexane, dried under N2 and reconstituted in DMSO. Bacterial mutagenesis assays using Ames strains TA 1535 and TA 1538 were performed according to Standard Methods. Briefly, bacteria were pre-incubated in nutrient broth for 12 hr at 37°C with shaking. Then, 0.1 ml of test material (in DMSO), 0.5 ml of rat liver S-9 mixture, and 2.5 ml of melted top agar were added. After 20 min additional incubation, the contents were vortexed, poured on minimal agar plates, and incubated at 37°C for 60 hr before being scored. Revertant colonies were counted and scored against negative control plates (DMSO), and diagnostic mutagens analyzed with each experiment served as positive controls. Evidence suggests that tire rubber leachate requires metabolism to induce mutation and may be mutagenic at elevated concentrations. While no mutagenesis was detected with unconcentrated tire rubber leachate, proportional mutagenesis was observed with 10:1 and 100:1 concentration. With a growing number of automobiles on the road there is a marked increase in the amount of tire rubber particles entering the environment: collecting on roadways as dust and eventually being washed into local waterways. Further work will be directed towards identifying the mutagenic chemical(s) in these particles and may suggest the elimination of toxic compounds in future tire production.
WHAT IS A SCIENTIFIC POSTER?
A scientific poster is a highly effective communication tool that combines a verbal presentation with a visual aid. Posters have the advantage of allowing the presenter to discuss his or her research with a small and interested group of people. Sessions are usually held for a limited amount of time. To be taken seriously and maximize communication, posters should look professional. To do this, incorporate good basic graphic design principles, use good quality art materials and papers, and use color as an organizing tool. The average interaction time for a poster presentation is 5-10 minutes. Therefore, you must use visual short-cuts and plan your verbal presentation carefully to do posters well.
Adapted from http://www.ce.umn.edu/~smith/supplements/poster/guide.htm
NOTES, HINTS & TIPS
1.) Helpful websites on poster design:
2.) Maximum dimensions for posters is about 4 ft. x 4 ft.
3.) Presenters should bring their own mounting devices and layout supplies to the Washington Room.
4.) Exhibitors of class projects or other posters to be displayed together should advise the Summer Research Symposium Editor via email.