Course Descriptions

Course Catalog for HISTORY
HIST 100
Modern Britain since 1750
This course surveys the profound and continuous ways in which Britain changed over the course of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries: in terms of its boundaries, political system, population, economy, and culture. In 1750 ‘Britain’ refers to an agrarian state composed of three countries, with a powerful monarchy, limited democracy and a growing empire. By 1900 Britain has become a United Kingdom, a highly industrialised and urbanised state with a massive empire and a broadening democratic system; by 2000, it has ‘lost’ its empire but is profoundly globalised and democratic. Why, when and how did these changes happen? This class will be as interactive lectures with particular time will be set aside for class discussions and analysis of primary sources.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 102
Europe Since 1715
European history from 1715 to the present.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 103
Latin America & Caribbean through Film
This course introduces students to the history and current cultures of Latin America and the Caribbean through film and film movements. It covers their history from 1492 to the present. Themes include: conquest and colonization of Native peoples; African slavery in Brazil and the Caribbean; the interplay of gender, race, class, and sexuality, from the politics of love and solidarity to the politics of subordination and oppression; the contrast between rural and urban society, with an emphasis on urban-centered films; the cultural creativity of the region’s artists in music, film, visual arts, literature and architecture; the role of religion in daily life and politics; and the confrontations of oligarchies and military regimes with movements for reform, democracy and revolution.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 104
Europe in the 20th Century
This course will examine the upheavals of Europe's tumultuous 20th century. From the hopes of progress built on the advances of the 19th century came the destruction and despair of a century of revolution, war, genocide, oppression, and subsequent rebirth. This course will study the contours of Europe in 1914, the causes and consequences of the World War I, the weaknesses of liberal democracy in the interwar years, the allure of alternative political systems like Communism and Fascism, the outbreak of World War II and the Holocaust, attempts to rebuild Europe after the war and the creation of the social welfare state in Western Europe since 1945, and the course of events in Communist Eastern Europe culminating in the collapse of the Soviet Union.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 106
Crusade and 'Convivencia' in Medieval Spain
This course examines the history and society of Spain from the disintegration of the Roman empire through the Arab conquest and the so-called Christian Reconquista. Although Muslim and Christian rulers framed their wars in religious terms, throughout this period Muslims, Christians and Jews lived together on both sides of the frontier. That coexistence, or convivencia, was never equal, nor was it free from violence. Through primary sources, both words and images, we will explore the cultures of medieval Spain and how they developed in relation to, and in conflict with, one another. The course concludes with an examination of how colonial experiences in medieval Iberia also set the stage for later Spanish conquests in the New World.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 107
Warfare is a fundamental part of the human condition. This course examines the phenomenon of warfare from a wide variety of angles. Through a comparison of warfare in different societies and cultures, the course studies the ways that governments, commanders, combatants, and civilians have experienced and reacted to war. Topics to be explored include: evolution in military technology, experience of combat, the role of women and civilians, peacemaking, and comparative military cultures.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 108
Race and Ethnicity in Latin American and Caribbean History
This course will introduce students to the history of race and ethnic relations in Latin America and the Caribbean from the arrival of Columbus to the late 20th century. We will explore how the categories of race and ethnicity in Latin America and the Caribbean have undergone a very different evolution when compared to the U.S. Two distinguishing facts that make race and ethnic history in Latin America and the Caribbean different from the U.S.: the much larger “Indian” populations that the Spaniards confronted and, secondly, the larger number of peoples of African descent transferred as slaves to Latin America and the Caribbean. This course will examine this process in the context of colonization, post-Independence political systems, nation-state formation, and contemporary struggles over different identities. This course includes a community learning component.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 111
Foundations of Greek and Roman History
This course provides a survey of Greek and Roman history. After an overview of political developments and chronology, the course focuses on topics in social, economic, and cultural change in the ancient world, with particular emphasis on differences and similarities across the societies studied. No previous knowledge of Greek and Roman history is required. The course serves as a foundation course of advanced work (200-400 level) in Greek, Roman, or medieval history, or as an introduction to Greek and Roman history for students with a primary interest in literature, art history, philosophy, or other disciplines.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 113
The Middle Ages: Formation of Europe
This course will survey the formation of Europe from the fall of the Carolingians to the discovery of the New World. We will study the rise of lordship, the struggle between the papacy and secular rulers, the Crusades, the formation of royal law and government, heresy, printing, and the origins of the Renaissance and Reformation in late medieval culture. The course will be taught largely from primary sources.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 115
History of the Greek World: c. 1500-200 BCE
This course covers the history of the Greek world—Greece, the Aegean islands, western Asia Minor, the Black Sea, and southern Italy and Sicily—in the period between the end of the Bronze Age and the arrival of the Romans (c. 1500-200 BCE). The emergence of the polis, the Greek city-state, as the predominant way to organize political, social, economic, religious, and cultural life, and the spread of these institutions, form the central foci of the course. There will be emphasis on the reading and interpretation of primary source material through lectures, discussions, and analytical writing.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 116
The Rise and Fall of the Roman Republic
By about 300 BCE the Roman state had in place its republican institutions, and began the expansionist process by which the Romans came to control the Mediterranean basin. Four hundred years later, the Roman empire extended from Britain to Egypt, but the state running that empire had undergone fundamental social, political, and cultural changes. This course traces the processes that created the empire and transformed the Roman world, with special emphasis on the interplay of political and social phenomena. We will look closely at primary sources on which our knowledge of these changes is based.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 117
Tokyo Story: From Fishing Village to Cosmopolitan Metropolis
This course explores the historical development of Tokyo, from its obscure, medieval origins to its present status as one of the world's most populous and cosmopolitan cities. In spite of being destroyed on average once every 30 years by fires, natural disasters, and war—or perhaps because of this—Tokyo has sprung eternal, constantly transforming itself within shifting political, economic, and cultural contexts. This course examines the constantly transforming urban landscape and its impact on the structure of the city and the lives of its inhabitants. Topics of particular interest include: the rise of capitalism and its impact on early-modern urbanization, the impact of Western-style modernization on the organization of urban life in the 19th and 20th centuries, labor migration and its impact on urban slums, the impact of the economic "high growth" years on Japanese urban lifestyles, and the rise of Tokyo as a symbol of post-modern urban culture.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 119
Diaspora: Jewish History Before Modernity
An introductory survey of Jewish history from the Biblical period to the beginnings of the Enlightenment. The course will study the evolution of Israelite identity, Jewish life in the classical world, creation of rabbinic Judaism, the Jewish experience in medieval Europe and the Islamic world, and the effect on Jews and Jewish culture of the expulsions and resettlements in early modern Europe.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 124
Hartford on Film, 1969-present
In 1969, film makers came to Hartford from Canada and California to document the problems of wealth and poverty in our city. They shot 35 short films in collaboration with residents, just as riots broke out in Hartford during that summer. Trinity's Hartford Studies Project has worked with students, alumni, and residents to restore the original footage and interview surviving activists, community leaders, and residents of the city, then and now. This course explores the problems of Hartford from the 1960s to the present, using both old and new documentary footage as tools for learning, research and dialogue. Its central themes are: racial politics, immigration, community mobilization, policing, education, housing, corporate and civic power, "urban renewal," and Hartford's changing place in national and global political cultures. Students will interact with residents, community organizations, and interviewees. They will devise their own related projects in the city, working in the documentary tradition that inspired the original film makers. We will also work with the Old State House/Connecticut Historical Society exhibition on Hartford's history, which opened in 2006.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 125
The Postwar City: Political Culture, Film, and the Arts
We explore the urban dilemmas manifest in postwar global culture, from the vantage point of the arts, especially film. We study Hartford, New York, London, Paris, Los Angeles, Cape Town, Moscow, and Johannesburg through visual, literary, documentary, archival, and artistic media, with special concentration on the 1960s and after.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 125
Introduction to Modern Southeast Asia, 1800-1980
This course provides an introduction to a broad and diverse region of the world. Its focus is on the development of Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and the Philippines) in the historical context of conflict between the indigenous societies and the global community of the colonial powers. The course will consist of four sections: the pre-colonial order, the colonial powers in Southeast Asia, World War II, and post-war independence movements. Political, social, and economic trends will be highlighted, with emphasis on the diversity of historical experiences within the region.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 129
The Culture of Revolution: Politics, Class, and Gender, 1789-1917
In the 19th century, many Europeans sought to overthrow the existing political, social, gender, and artistic order. This course will look at the dreams, plans, successes, and (more often) failures of revolutionary movements. The course will focus on examining revolutionary moments—in France, in 1848 across Europe, in Russia—as well as revolutionary movements, including nationalism, socialism, feminism, and anarchism. We will pay particular attention to primary sources in our investigation of this tumultuous century.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 130
Exile to Enlightenment: Jewish History Before Modernity
This course will offer an introductory survey of Jewish history beginning with the Babylonian Exile. We will trace the evolution of Jewish identity through the Second Temple period, the impact of the destruction of the Temple on Jewish religious culture, the nature of Jewish-Christian relations in medieval and early modern Europe, the Jewish experience under Islam, and the challenges confronting Jews after the Reformation and the beginning of the Enlightenment. Anti-Semitism, the varieties of Judaism in different social contexts, and the interaction of Jews and non-Jews will be major themes of the course.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 135
War and Gender in Europe 1914-1945
Between 1914 and 1945, Europe was destroyed, rebuilt and destroyed once more. All aspects of society were affected and changed by the wars, including the gender order. This course will examine the breaks, as well as the continuities, in the relationship between men and women over the course of two devastating World Wars. The wars forced women to take on jobs previously restricted to men, as well as navigate the challenges of the Home Front; meanwhile, men were tasked with reintegrating into society after facing the horrors of war, often returning to a home that was much different than the one they had left. Through memoirs, scholarly texts, and film, we will explore how the wars affected conceptions of both femininity and masculinity in Europe.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 142
From Scroll to Screen: Books in the Digital Age
Using the resources of the Watkinson Library, this course will explore the evolution of the form, use, and impact of the book in human culture and will explore the changing nature of the book in the age of the Internet and digital books.
0.50 units, Seminar
HIST 150
What Happened to the Ancestral Pueblo People? A Study in Environmental Catastrophe?
Between c. 900 and 1300 CE the Four Corners area of the United States (Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona) hosted a thriving culture, famous for the “cliff dwellings” of Mesa Verde. By about 1285, the population of these settlements disappeared. What happened to them remains a matter of controversy, but there seems now to be general agreement that a mega-drought in the Southwest stressed people to the breaking-point: war, intra-cultural violence, crop failure, famine, disease seem to have devastated the populations, till they simply decided to leave. Understanding what happened to the Ancestral Pueblo is a central question in American prehistory.
0.50 units, Seminar
HIST 200
Hartford: Past and Present
Since Dutch fur traders arrived in the 1610s, Hartford and its region have been part of many core themes in American urban history. This course examines Hartford's rise as a financial and manufacturing center from the 1800s to early 1900s; the roles played by ethnicity, gender, religion, race and social class in urban and suburban politics, culture, civic institutions and neighborhoods; the evolution in urban planning, architecture, transportation and public spaces; and the impact of post-¬-1945 suburbanization, capitalist restructuring and globalization on the social, political and cultural profile of Hartford and its suburbs.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 201
Early America
This course introduces students to major developments in the political, economic, and social history of North America from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. We will study indigenous sovereignty, encounters between Europeans and Native Americans, the founding of European colonies, the rise of the Atlantic slave trade, the Seven Years' War, the American Revolution, the spread of human enslavement, the War of 1812, Indian removal policy, U.S. wars with Native nations, westward expansion, the U.S.-Mexican War, abolitionism, and the Civil War. Students will be challenged to imagine American history within Atlantic and global contexts and to comprehend the expansiveness of Native American homelands and the shifting nature of North American borderlands.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 202
The United States from Reconstruction to the Present
A continuation of History 201, examining the transformation of the divided and agrarian society of the 19th century into a highly organized, urban-industrial world power.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 203
Soccer, Race and Nationalism
In the summer of 2014 Brazil hosted the International Football Federation (FIFA) World Cup of soccer, a month-long tournament that involved 32 nations from across the globe that drew a cumulative television audience exceeding 25 billion. In this context, this course will examine the historical and contemporary interplay between national identities and nationalism in soccer at the national and international levels. Special attention will be paid to issues of race, ethnicity, globalization, migration and transnationalism, topics that have become more salient in recent decades as growing migration flows, particularly from Africa and Latin America to Europe and the United States, have transformed the racial and ethnic profile of both professional and national teams in Western countries
0.50 units, Seminar
HIST 204
The Crusades
From the eleventh through the fifteenth centuries, Christians from Western Europe were pitted in a series of holy wars against Islamic, Pagan, and even other Christian neighbors. This course offers a multi-faceted look at military, political, religious, and cultural themes from the era of the Crusades. The idea of "crusade" has survived to this day and has as much, if not more, cultural significance now than at its inception in 1095.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 205
The Road to the First World War: Europe, 1870-1918
This course will be an examination of the cultural, social, political, and diplomatic upheavals leading to Europe’s self-destruction in the First World War. We will also look at the war itself, how it pulled the entire world into the European conflict, and the war’s legacy. Topics will include the new nationalism and imperialism; mass politics, socialism and anarchism; cities and modern aesthetics; the practice of “total war”; and the Russian Revolution. Readings will include literature of the era as well as historical studies.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 206
Bible and History of the Book
The Bible is arguably the most important book ever composed. In order to understand the evolution of the Bible, it is important to study the Bible in the larger context of the history of the book as a technological instrument. To that end, this seminar will explore the creation of the Bible and its development through formats of scroll, manuscript codex , printed book, and now digital representations. We will try to understand how the physical incarnations of the Bible shaped the ways people perceived, read, and treated Scripture (and the Torah and Koran). How could a physical object be thought to contain divine revelation? Ideally, the course will use the “biography” of the Bible to explore the larger questions of the history of the book.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 206
Greek Democracy
Greece, and especially classical Athens, is regarded as the “birthplace of democracy.” But democracy had a long and complicated life both outside Athens and the classical period. In this course we explore that history. We focus on the theory and actual practice of democracy in the archaic and classical periods, with special consideration of Athens. We consider the spread of democracy in the Hellenistic period (323-31 BCE) as the standard form of government for Greek poleis (city-states) and the ways democracy adjusted subsequently to the rule of Rome. Our focus throughout will be on accessing the democratic experience of the Greeks through the close reading and analysis of contemporary documents and literary texts.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 207
Law and Government in Medieval England
This course will study the evolution of English law and government in the Middle Ages from the Norman Conquest to the Stuarts. It will emphasize key concepts of common law, the nature of English kingship, the development of Parliament, the status of particular groups in English society, the evolution of governmental power, as well as some comparative material from other medieval states. The course will be taught from primary source materials with supplementary readings from secondary scholarship.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 208
North American Environmental History
This course surveys the environmental history of North America and the Caribbean from 1491 to the present. Topics include indigenous practice, colonization, agricultural intensification, industrialization, urbanization, war, waste disposal, and climate change. Above all, the course will be concerned with the political conflicts and social inequities that arose as the continent and its surrounding waters underwent centuries of ecological change. The global environmental contexts and consequences of American political and economic activities also will be emphasized.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 209
African-American History
The experiences of African-Americans from the 17th century to the present with particular emphasis on life in slavery and in the 20th-century urban North.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 210
Paris: Capital of the Nineteenth Century
In this history of Paris we explore the revolutions in politics, culture and class which usher into being one of the most dynamic and influential spaces in European and world history. Topics include the revolutions of 1830 and 1848; the rebuilding of Paris during the Second Empire; and the invention of modern art by the Impressionists and their successors. We also discuss the Commune of 1871 (in Marx’s view, the first socialist revolution), the Dreyfus Affair (which brings anti-Semitism to the center stage of European politics), and the advent of the ‘New Woman’ whose dress and behavior crystallize a feminist challenge to the masculine politics of the age.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 211
History of the Desert
Humans have a long history of interaction with arid environments. We have created great agricultural civilizations in arid environments, sought solitude for religious practice, drilled for oil, explored, conquered, and – most recently – preserved. This course explores the range of human activity in and attitudes toward arid environments in a diachronic and comparative manner. Note: This course applies only as an elective to credit toward a History major.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 212
The Crusades and Medieval Society
An introductory survey of the political, social, military, and religious history of the Crusades. Using primary sources, the course will also examine how aspects of the Crusades reveal broader themes in medieval history, including: European identity, pilgrimage, religious violence, technological innovation, perceptions of non-Europeans, and the influence of the Crusades on early modern voyages of discovery. Lecture and discussion format.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 213
Modern Jewish History
This course will examine major trends in Jewish history since 1789. There will be particular emphasis on Jewish society in Eastern Europe and the breakdown of orthodox hegemony. Topics will include the Haskalah, the Bund, the development of Zionism, the interwar period in Eastern Europe, the Holocaust, and the State of Israel. The approach will be primarily that of intellectual history with emphasis on the secular aspect of Jewish history.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 214
Eastern Europe Since 1848
“Eastern Europe” usually evokes images of grey buildings and Communist workers. But this points to only one historical moment of a region that has been a cosmopolitan empire, a site of new democracies, and the killing grounds of millions of Europeans. This course will explore the various “Eastern Europes” which have existed since 1848, starting with the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With its dissolution after the First World War, we will follow the history of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia from the interwar period, through the destruction and horror of World War II, the establishment of the Soviet Bloc and finally the fall of Communism. We will explore issues of nationalism, fascism and socialism in the Eastern European context. Readings will include contemporary novels, memoirs and film.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 215
Latin American Cities
Course examines the historical evolution and current dynamics of Latin American cities, from the pre-colonial (pre-1492), to the colonial (1492–1825) and post-colonial (since the 1800's) periods. A variety of sources allow us to explore specific examples from several cities, including: Buenos Aires, Bogotá, Brasilia, Caracas, Havana, Mexico City, Lima, Rio de Janeiro, and São Paulo, for example. Topics include colonialism, nationalism and transnationalism; urban slavery and race; rural-urban and ethnic migrations; industrialization and the urban working-class; urbanism, urban spaces and architecture; authoritarianism, populism and democratization; and consumer cultures, sports and leisure, among others.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 216
World War II
This is a survey of the political, military, social, cultural and economic aspects of the Second World War.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 217
Science, Politics, and Power in the Age of Napoleon
When Napoleon landed in Egypt in 1798 with the goal of wresting the land of the Pharaohs - as the French romantically saw this state - from Ottoman control and British influence, the army of 35,000 was accompanied by a corps of scientists: zoologists, botanists, geometers, chemists, mineralogists, geographers, and the like. The relationship between European imperialism and modern science has been hotly debated ever since. Was European science the motor of global domination? This course explores the history of French and European ventures around the globe in search of knowledge and power in the decades preceding the doomed invasion of Egypt including Cook and La Perouse's various explorations of 'the South Seas' as the Pacific was known and the exploration of Arctic and Antarctic regions. We also explore the Alps and the Pyrenees alongside philosophies interested in the age of the earth, the prediction of weather, and the length of a meter. Then we follow Humboldt and Bonpland to South America as they measure the Andes, count butterflies and watch pink river dolphins in the Orinoco. The course will emphasize the role of science and of scientists during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It will also ask you to place the development of French and European science in this era within the literary romantic culture it was helping to shape: Frankenstein's monster ends his life in the northernmost ice of the North Pole, and he stands forever as the counterpart to this optimistic and expansionist age.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 217
The History of Urbanism in Eastern Europe
This course will examine the economic, social, and cultural history of East European urban development during the medieval and early modern periods. We will focus on local governance, urban landscape and planning, social and educational institutions, commercial and artisan activities, religious and ethnic communities, and a new type of citizen: the burgher. To better understand urban life in the important towns of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (contemporary Belarus, Lithuania, and a part of Ukraine), we will draw comparison to the major centers of Danzig-Gdansk, Königsberg-Królewiec, and Kraków in central Europe and Russian towns like Great Novgorod and Moscow. The varied sources of information for the course include diaries, testaments, memories, private correspondence, engravings, drawings, and architectural monuments.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 218
United States Since 1945
This course examines America since World War II. We will explore both political events and cultural and social trends, including the Cold War, rock 'n' roll, civil rights, feminism, Vietnam, consumerism and advertising, the New Right and the New Left, the counterculture, religious and ethnic revivals, poverty, and the "me" generation.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 219
Planet Earth: Past, Present and Future
This course explores the effect of the natural world on human history and of humans on the natural world. Our focus is on the earth as a global system. We begin with a consideration of human and natural histories in deep time, well before the written record, and offer an argument for why those histories matter. We then examine how the historical past can be understood in the context of these planetary themes, reframing familiar events in ancient and modern history by highlighting major natural changes that accompanied them, such as the redistribution of plants and animals, the fluctuation of climate, and the development of planet-altering technologies. The course culminates in a consideration of the future planetary conditions that past and present actions may cause.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 220
Modern Japan
This course will cover the history of Japan from the late Tokugawa to the present, with emphasis on the transformation of the Japanese tradition in the modern period. Primary attention will be given to such topics as the Japanese response to the Western expansion, the rise of Japan during and after the Meiji Restoration and its consequences, and the post-war economic miracle.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 221
Science, Religion, and Nature in the Age of Galileo
The astronomer Galileo Galilei’s trial before the Roman Inquisition nearly four centuries ago endures as a symbol of the clash between science and religion. Undoubtedly, the rise of early modern science in 17th-century Europe provoked its share of battles, but was this the whole story? This course will lead students to consider the origin and extent of the apparently irreconcilable differences between world views. How wide was the rift between science and religion, especially before the Enlightenment? Students will be encouraged to explore this complex relationship in historical context, by weighing the coexistence of scientific curiosity and intense faith, and also by considering the religious response to the expanding horizons of knowledge. The course will highlight investigations of the heavens and the earth, thus seeking instructive comparisons between disciplines such as astronomy, botany, and geology. A number of broad themes will be the focus. These include the understanding of God and nature, authority (classical and scriptural) versus observation, the wide range of knowledge-making practices, the place of magic, and finally the influence of power and patronage. The class seeks to present a rich and exciting picture, looking forward as well to the influence of rational thinking and scientific inquiry on the making of modernity.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 222
Japan from the Dawn of Human History to the 17th Century
This course provides a broad overview of the events and themes encountered in Japan’s early history, from the earliest archeological evidence of human habitation to the establishment of a stable political and social order under the Tokugawa bakufu (shogunate). The course will explore the role of diverse religious and cultural influences in shaping Japanese society and culture during the pre-modern era. Themes and topics of particular interest are the impact of Chinese civilization and the “indigenization” of imported traditions such as Buddhism and Confucianism, early political organization and the rise of the imperial clan, and civil war and the ascendance of the warrior class to political and cultural hegemony.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 223
Japan into the Modern World, 1840-1945
Counts as one of the survey courses for the two-semester history sequence for the Asian Studies major. This course examines the social, economic, and cultural transformations that occurred in Japan from its initial encounter with Western modernity through its rise to military superpower status in the first half of the 20th century. Students will gain a greater understanding of the problems that have shaped Japan, by exploring the challenges, conflicts, triumphs, and tragedies of modernization, industrialization, and nation-building as the Japanese experienced them in the 19th and 20th centuries. The course concludes with a detailed exploration of the road to the Pacific War and the social, political, and cultural effects of mobilization for total war followed by total defeat.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 224
Gender in Brazilian History, from Colonialism to the 20th Century
Since colonization, Brazilian society stabilized specific roles for men and women in its national discourse. We will debate how gender roles marked the experiences of Brazilian indigenous, European and afro-descent populations before and after colonialism. Gender categories also affected the lives of enslaved and freed people, since they created specific experiences for black men and women, and peculiar ways of social uplift that depended on the gender of individuals. In the 20th Century, government propaganda produced a discourse of national identity that influenced the way in which Brazilian men and especially women were seemed national and internationally. The debates and demands carried by LGBT, feminists and other social movements in Brazil who are dedicated to equalizing the rights of people will also be discussed.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 225
Downton Abbey in Historical Context
This seminar approaches British history through the television series Downton Abbey, which chronicles dramatic social and political change in the early twentieth century through the residents of a stately home. We will examine the construction and role of the "big house", the British class system, and the role of domestic service in the British economy. This will lead to further discussion of opportunities and constraints for women and the suffrage movement. We will then consider British involvement in World War I and the war’s impact upon British society, class and gender. Classes will be divided into short taught sections, in-depth discussions of primary and secondary literature, and two field trips. Students will write two short reading-response papers and a longer paper based on a primary source. The seminar will have two field trips.
0.50 units, Seminar
HIST 226
The Rise of Modern Russia
This course will examine the history of Russia from 1825 until the present. It will include the dilemmas of modernization and social stability in Tsarist Russia, the challenges of Empire and multinational populations, the impact of the intelligentsia and the causes of the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. We will then consider topics in the rise and fall of the USSR: Lenin, Stalin, World War II, the problems of de-Stalinization and the reasons that attempts to reform the Soviet system failed. The course will also make extensive use of literary materials.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 227
Ukraine and Belarus in Historical Perspective
This course is designed to equip students with a detailed understanding of the critical historical events that have influenced modern Ukraine and Belarus. In the late medieval and early modern periods (fifteenth-seventeenth centuries), this region (Western Rus’) underwent a series of important political, social, and cultural transformations that led to the formation of new ethnic entities and later nation-states (Ukraine and Belarus). Late medieval and early modern Ukraine and Belarus will be placed in a wider international context that linked them to Orthodox Europe and the Occident, as well as to the world of Islam. Understanding the history of these dynamic societies will help make some sense of the contemporary relations between Ukraine and Russia.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 228
Islamic Civilization to 1517
This course surveys the transformation of the Middle East into an Islamic civilization from the life of Muhammad in the early seventh century through the collapse of the Mamluk Empire in 1517. It focuses on social, cultural, and political history and addresses regional variations from Morocco to Iran. Topics include women, religious minorities, and slavery, as well as Islamic education, mysticism, and literature.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 229
Middle East Since 1517
This course surveys Middle Eastern history from the foundations of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires through the 20th century. Major topics include modernity, imperialism, nationalism, and the role of Islam. Textbook readings are supplemented with primary sources and biographical sketches to situate the complexities of gender and culture in the context of political and economic change.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 230
Greek Democracy in Theory and Practice
As we all know, the Greeks invented democracy – or did they? This course explores the emergence and development of democracy in the city-states (poleis) of the ancient Greek world from roughly 1000 BCE to 300 CE. We focus especially on possible Near Eastern origins for democratic institutions and practices and the borrowing or parallel development of democracy in early Greek poleis; the features of the best-known Greek democracy, that of Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries BCE; and the adaptation of democracy to rule by Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors. We will also examine closely the treatment of democracy in Greek philosophy, especially Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 231
Abraham's Children: Jews, Christians, and Muslims in the Middle Ages
Jews, Christians and Muslims all claimed Abraham as the founder of their particular form of monotheism. In the Middle Ages, men and women from all three groups had to negotiate relationships in war and peace. Jews lived among Christians and Muslims. Christians and Muslims fought in the Crusades, and all three groups traded with each other in the cosmopolitan cities of the Mediterranean. What kinds of worlds did these people live in? Were they worlds of prejudice and hatred or a pragmatic tolerance? How were the identities of Jews, Christians and Muslims shaped by their interactions during the Middle Ages? Are we still living with the results of those interactions?
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 232
Liberty, Labor, and Land in the Early American Republic
In the period between the American Revolution and the Civil War, citizens of the United States experienced a series of rapid and at times bewildering changes. This course will explore how the American people made sense of the transformations-—including democratization, slavery and sectionalism, religion and reform, westward expansion, Indian removal, and the rise of the market—that shaped the young nation. Our investigation will center on how Americans redefined and refashioned their understanding of liberty, labor, and land to meet the challenges and opportunities that arose in these critical decades.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 233
(Re)Connecting the Black Atlantic: Comparing Afro-Brazilian and African-Am. Hist til the 19th Cent
This course explores slavery, abolition, and freedom in Brazil and the United States from the 16th to the 19th century. Where only 400,000 Africans were transported to North America during this time, more than 4 million were brought to Brazil, the largest Latin American country. From such numbers, in both countries, in the United States somewhat organically through reproduction and in Brazil through importation, emerged the foundation of massive slave societies. Slavery in the U.S. relied on a highly racialized society, one that formally institutionalized a racial code; slavery in Brazil was less formalized, but no less racial. Such differences had important implications for the eradication of slavery in the two countries.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 234
Paris, Vienna, and Berlin in the 19th Century
Paris, Vienna, and Berlin exert a powerful hold on our imaginations. Home to Renoir and Jules Verne, Beethoven and Freud, Hegel and Bismarck, these great metropolises underwent enormous transformations across the span of the 19th century. This course explores these European capitals from the heights of the Eiffel Tower to the depths of their sewers. Using art, literature, and film, this course investigates the fantasies that have been projected onto these capitals. We will then compare these images and myths with the realities of everyday life. How did ordinary residents - workers, immigrants, students, criminals - actually experience urban life? Key themes will include urban redevelopment, social control, consumer culture, revolutionary cultures, and the capital as a cultural center.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 235
Colonialism in the Americas
Columbus’s voyage began a new period in the history of colonialism. This course examines the complex world that the Spanish Conquest destroyed, and it explores the “New World” created in its aftermath. It opens with a journey into the worlds of the Aztecs, the Mayas, and Incas, but it also considers indigenous peoples less well known to contemporary students, especially the Tainos, the Lencas, and the Guarani. The plight of millions of enslaved West Africans in the Americas is also a central topic. Spanish colonialism here extends between 1492 and 1898 in the Caribbean, and up to the 1820s in the U.S.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 236
Modern Latin America
This course will examine the history of Latin America after Spanish rule, from 1821 to the present, focusing on the development of social inequality, civil conflict, and revolution. Cultural and political developments in countries like Brazil, Mexico, Cuba, and Venezuela will be discussed, and the U.S. role in the region, especially toward Central America, will also be considered. Finally, we will examine the historical construction of hierarchies based on race, gender, and economic position, and how those hierarchies have influenced the nature of social and political strife.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 238
Caribbean History
The location of the first encounter, conquest, and colonization of Native American peoples by Europeans, the Caribbean became a center of bitter rivalries between European imperial powers, and later in the 20th century a new, premiere location of the United States’ own imperial thrust. The Caribbean’s strategic location in relation to Atlantic Ocean trade routes and its tropical climate and fertile soils were key factors in shaping these imperial rivalries and the colonial and postcolonial societies that emerged in the region. The vast experience of African slavery, the later “indentured” migration of hundreds of thousands of Asians to some colonies, and the migration of similar numbers of Europeans (especially to the Hispanic Caribbean) have shaped deeply yet unevenly the nature of Caribbean societies since the 16th century, giving the Caribbean a complex multi-ethnic, yet also heavily “Western,” cultural landscape. This course will introduce students to these and other aspects of Caribbean history, from the pre-European era, through the epics of the Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) and the Cuban Revolution of 1959, to the present.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 239
Atlantic World History 1492-1815
This course analyzes the interaction of peoples, commodities, germs, and ideas between Europe, the Americas, and Africa. We focus on the period from Columbus’s “discovery” of the Americas through the revolutions in America, France, and Haiti. Studying from an Atlantic perspective complicates traditional historical narratives concerned with national development; it also leads to a more inclusive view of the colonial period in American history. The professor will sometimes lecture, but class discussion and the seminar style will predominate.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 241
History of China, Shang to Ming
A survey focused on the development of Chinese politics, culture, and society from 1600 B.C. to the conclusion of the Ming dynasty in 1644 A.D. This course will provide a historical introduction to the growth of a unified Chinese empire with its own homogeneous intellectual tradition and will explore the empire’s coexistence with an enormously varied cluster of regional cultures.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 242
History of China, Qing to Present
A survey of modern Chinese history in the period covering the last traditional dynastic state (1644-1911) and 20th-century China. Emphasis on the collapse of the Confucian state, China’s “Enlightenment,” and the Chinese Revolution.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 243
Modern Germany
This course will explore Germany's rise from an assortment of states to a (re)united powerhouse at the heart of Europe. We will examine nationalism and the "failure" of 1848; Germany's unification under Bismarck and Wilhelmine Germany; the bloody First World War and the resulting Weimar Republic; the rise of Hitler's Nazi Party, the Second World War and the Holocaust; life in the two Germanys during the Cold War; and finally Germany's reunification and new place on the European and world maps. The course will be formed around documents, historical studies, memoirs and films.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 244
Strange New Worlds: Star Trek in the 1960s
For many, the 1960s were the “final frontier,” as young people, African-Americans, women, conservatives, members of the “New Left” and many others struggled to re-imagine their lives and the life of their nation. Originally intended as a “Wagon Train to the Stars,” Star Trek came to embody the 1960s spirit, both reflecting and reflecting on the many pressing issues of the day. This course will examine important issues in the 1960s from Vietnam to the counterculture, from race to shifting sexual norms, from new technology to workers’ rights, through the television show that explored the “strange new worlds” of its time.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 245
Eating in History: Europe from the Middle Ages to the Present
This course explores the evolution of the European diet from the Middle Ages through the Twentieth Century. Subjects to be covered include: the Agricultural Revolution, which achieved for Europe yields which broke traditional cycles of feast and famine; the Court Society of Early Modern Europe, which associated menus and manners with civility and asserted the cultural value of food; the depiction of food in European art during the Golden Age of capitalism; the foods of Early Modern empires - coffee, chocolate, and sugar - which fueled middle class sociability; the invention of the restaurant in Revolutionary France; the development of haute cuisine in Nineteenth-Century Paris and London; and the significance of the continued European resistance to mass-market foods.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 247
Latinos/Latinas in the United States
Who are “Latinos/Latinas” and how have they come to constitute a central ethnic/racial category in the contemporary United States? This is the organizing question around which this course examines the experiences of major Latino/Latina groups—Chicanos/Mexicanos, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans—and new immigrants from Central America and the Caribbean. We study U.S. colonialism and imperialism in the Old Mexican North and the Caribbean; migration and immigration patterns and policies; racial, gender, and class distinctions; cultural and political expressions and conflicts; return migrations and transnationalism; and inter-ethnic relations and the construction of pan-Latino/Latina diasporic identities.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 248
The City in History
A selective introduction to the methods and practice of studying urban life from an historical perspective. The focus of the course is the crucial development in Euro-America which culminated in the modern 20th-century city. The purpose of this course is to prepare students to participate in a discussion of the nature and fate of urban life in today's interdependent world by giving them the European context and theory which that discussion may challenge and amend.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 249
The Medieval Spains
Long neglected in the traditional American historical retrospective of pre-modern Western Europe, the peoples of this corner of Europe enjoyed an exceptionally diverse and cross-fertilized culture with a unique historical trajectory. We will survey the history of the Iberian Peninsula from the end of the Roman Empire in the West (5th century AD) to the golden age of Spanish unification and global expansion under Ferdinand and Isabella one thousand years later.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 250
Animals and Ideology in Europe and America, 1600 to the present
This course offers a history of animal protection in Europe and America which will be of interest to students wondering how our current debates on the status of animals in law and society have come about. Because of the important role women played in the animal protection movements of the nineteenth century and the strong gender component to anti-vivisection arguments in the same era, the course may interest Women, Gender and Sexuality students as well as students in History, Public Policy and Law, and Philosophy Topics include: (1) Puritan arguments about the human/animal divide, which led to the English Ordinance of 1654, Europe’s first animal protection law. (2) The bestiality scandals of early America (3) The Game Laws of early modern Europe (4) Colonial and nineteenth-century American issues concerning hunting and the protection of game. (5) Nineteenth-century animal protection societies in Europe and the U.S. (6) The anti-vivisection movement (7) Nazi animal protection and the ‘new chain of being’ (8) Cold -war animal liberation movements (9) Further development of legal arguments about the rights of animals in the late twentieth century (10) The importance of new work in biological anthropology, ethnology and cognitive science in shaping future debate on the subject of animals in human societies.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 251
Les Miserables: History and Literature in 19th-Century France
Set in scenes ranging from the battlefields of Waterloo to the barricades of revolutions, the 19th-century French novel firmly situated itself in the history of the age. But how realistic are the descriptions presented in the great novels of events leading up to the century’s political cataclysms? This course will explore answers to this question (and the relationship between history and literature in general) by establishing the context within which the novels of Stendhal, Balzac, Hugo, Zola, and Proust were conceived. Attitudes towards women, religion, the poor, crime, ambition and politics, the Jewish minority, Paris life and the provinces will be analyzed to gain understanding of French culture during a period when rapid modernization appeared to threaten traditional norms. The course will end with a consideration of the current appeal of Les Miserables. Like the novel itself, the musical was greeted initially with disdain by critics but was an enormous popular success. What accounts for our interest in the French past?
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 252
African History, Origins to 1850
This course is the first part of a two-part introductory survey of African history. We will explore the rich and varied civilizations and cultures in Africa, as well as how elements of these cultures have been carried throughout the world. Because "African" as a uniform term is a creation of a later time, this course seeks to distinguish between various populations and regions on this immense continent. Beginning with human origins on the continent, we will address the major social, economic, religious, and political movements in Africa through the era of the Atlantic slave trade. Topics will include the peopling of Africa; ancient societies and African empires; African technology such as tools, weapons, art, and music; African religions and the spread of Islam and Christianity; famous early Africans such as Mansa Musa, warrior queen Nzinga, and Shaka Zulu; trans-Saharan and Indian Ocean trading routes; and the development and impact of the Atlantic slave trade.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 253
African History: 1850 to the Contemporary Era
This course is the second part of a two-part introductory survey of African history. With a focus on "Black Africa" south of the Sahara, we will begin by exploring the impact of the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade on Africa and move to the establishment of - and resistance to - European colonial rule. We will then look at the impact of the two World Wars on Africa as well as the rise in nationalism and movements for independence. In the postcolonial period, we will explore Cold War policies in Africa, and address issues including the end of apartheid in South Africa, the politics of foreign aid and military interventions, global health and resource wars.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 255
Europe in the Age of the Cathedrals
Western Europe reached a cultural zenith in the period 1000 to 1300--the 'Romanesque' and 'Gothic' eras. This course explores the cultural flowering of this period, focusing on the great architectural and religious structures--cathedrals and monasteries--as microcosms of medieval society on many levels.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 256
Human Rights in Latin America and the Caribbean: A History
In the 1970s and 1980s, thousands of people were “disappeared,” tortured and murdered in Latin America and the Caribbean, mostly by military regimes and by para-military death-squads. The period is often characterized as perhaps the lowest point in the modern abuse of “Human Rights” in the region. This course explores how these central notions, the human and rights, have evolved in theory and in practice in the history of the Americas. The course begins with the 16th-century debates among the Spaniards over the “humanity” of Indians and enslaved Africans; it then covers distinguishing elements of the human and rights within the legal structures of the nations created after independence from Spain in the 1820s and before the more contemporary conceptions of human rights in the aftermath of the Holocaust and the crimes against humanity during WWII. Finally, the modern conception and practice of human rights defense and legal monitoring are explored in case studies in the region from the late 1940s to the 1980s.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 257
Nations and Nationalism in the Middle East
The idea of nations and the ideology of nationalism emerged as powerful political, social and cultural forces in the Middle East at the end of the 19th century. Nationalisms in the Middle East took on various guises, sometimes representing perceived ethnic communities, sometimes linguistic ones, and sometimes religious groups. In addition, nationalisms never existed insulated from other alternative ideologies for community organization, and thus nationalism incorporated, rejected or otherwise responded to other competing ideas and agendas. Benedict Anderson argues that "to understand [nations and nationalisms] properly we need to consider carefully how they have come into historical being, in what ways their meanings have changed over time, and why, today, they command such profound emotional legitimacy." This course aims to do just that with specific reference to the Middle East. We will look at both theories of nations and nationalisms and explore specific historical instances, including Ottomanism, Zionism, Arab nationalism, Turkish nationalism and Arab socialism. We will also look at some competing ideas, such as Berber trans-nationalism and the ascendance of political Islam.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 258
Hearts & Minds: America's War in Vietnam
America's Vietnam War was a culminating event in histories and cultures of both US and Vietnam, and a defining moment of the Cold War. For the US, war was a demoralizing, bitterly contested foreign adventure, spawning huge domestic anti-war movement of 1960s and -70s, ongoing post-war disagreement over appropriate "lessons" to be drawn - even over what actually happened - and continuing debate over whether the current Global War on Terror is comparable. War ended President Johnson's political career. For Vietnam, war was destructive, an exhausting battle-to-the-death, combining elements of insurgency with civil, revolutionary, and conventional war-making, ultimately elevating Ho Chi Minh to iconic status. This course treats war's complicated racial, gender, and class issues, and features guest speakers, and pop-cultural interpretations of conflict. Professor is combat veteran of the war.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 259
Gender and Sexuality in African History
This course traces the historical experiences of women and conceptions of gender in Sub-Saharan Africa from the pre-colonial period to the recent past. Themes include the role of women in pre-colonial politics and warfare, and gendered notions of labor in agriculture and trade. We will discuss African marital and familial relationships, and the extent to which colonial rule and the missionary encounter transformed those institutions. We will also explore how attitudes toward masculinity, femininity, and homosexuality have been constituted in Africa, and what impact these historical constructions have on debates in contemporary Africa.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 260
The Struggle for Civil Rights
African Americans and their allies have long struggled to win equal rights and equal opportunities in America. We will examine the course of that struggle in the twentieth century, focusing primarily on the period 1950-1968. We will consider questions of urbanization, employment, racism, politics, violence, non-violence, Black Power and the notion of “race blindness.” The end of the course will be spent considering the present day. What has been resolved, and what issues remain? Are there new challenges to achieving racial equality in the U.S? Have we become “post-racial” yet, and do we want to be?
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 261
World War I in History and Memory
The First World War devastated Europe for four years, and in its wake left a new world order. Empires fell and new countries rose in their place. The social, political and gender order were all challenged during the war. This course will examine not only the war itself – the major battles, the Home Fronts, the revolutions that followed – but how the war has been remembered over the past century. We will examine novels and memoirs, war poetry, and popular film to discover how the war’s place in history and memory has changed.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 266
War and Peace in Early Modern Europe, 1500-1650
This course is a comprehensive examination of European life from the Reformation to the end of the Thirty Years War. It explores a vibrant 150 years fraught with conflict, but also characterized by an ever-present desire for peace. We will begin by considering the roots of European belligerence, which can be situated at the intersection of confessional conflict and nation building. Ranging from Spain to Sweden, our major topics will include cultural responses to war and peace, military history, the history of religion, gender, urban history, conflict with the Ottomans, and differences between Mediterranean and Continental Europe. Students will read mostly primary sources, including works of literature.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 267
Us and Them: Identity and Hegemony in the Americas
This interdisciplinary course examines United States-Latin American relations, from state-to-state interactions at the level of diplomacy and military intervention, to questions of culture and perception by everyday actors. As the eras characterized by the Monroe Doctrine, the Big Stick and Dollar Diplomacy, the Good Neighbor policy, the Alliance for Progress, human rights concerns, the Reagan Doctrine of counterinsurgency, and debates over neoliberal economic policy are examined, critical attention will be paid to consistencies and changes over time. The roles of ideology, national security, economic interests, and cultural factors will be weighed in the creation and outcomes of policy and interpersonal negotiations. This course will evaluate influences at work on officials in Washington, and will consider Latin American initiatives and responses. Issues ranging from attempts by nationalist regimes in Argentina, Chile, Cuba, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Venezuela to find an alternative to the traditional model of dependence on the United States, to critiques by intellectuals such as Jose Marti and Jose Enrique Rodo at the turn of the century and Eduardo Galeano and Subcomandante Marcos today will be discussed.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 268
Democracy, Coups, and the Condition of Human Rights in Latin American History, 1950s-2009
Few regions in the world have suffered the abuse of Democracy and Human Rights by militarism and authoritarian political cultures more than Latin America and the Caribbean. This situation merits study and reflection. The modern history of the defense of Human Rights in the world begins with the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Sadly, in the 1950s, virtually all countries of Latin America faced military coups, and the consequent massive abuse of human rights, from limits to freedom of speech to the murder of hundreds of thousands of men, women, and even children. This course is a survey of the modern history of the overthrow of democratically elected regimes in Latin America by military and civilian organized violence. We will explore key cases, beginning with Guatemala in 1954. After that we will move to the Dominican Republic and Brazil in 1963 and 1964, through Chile in 1973 and Argentina in 1976, El Salvador in 1979, Venezuela in 2002, and Honduras in 2009. What explains these violent changes of government? What have been the implications for these societies? For human rights? For democracy? For US- Latin American relations? These are the great questions addressed in this course.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 270
Parliamentary Debate in History and Practice
This course introduces the history of debate in the British parliamentary tradition and the practice of debate as a collegiate extra-curricular activity. The course is a dynamic mix of lecture, seminar-style discussion and experiential learning. The course has three components: historical background to and analysis of the British parliamentary system, drawing on the emerging field of the history of rhetoric; primary source analysis of historical speeches and debates; applied sessions when students will draft and practice their own debates in teams. Written exercises include developing a ‘time-space case’ based in British history. Students will complete the course with a broader understanding of British political history, a deeper sensitivity to political rhetoric, and stronger oral and written argumentation and communication skills. No debate experience is necessary.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 281
Suburbia: from Hartford to Orange County
This course will introduce students to the study of American suburban history and contemporary realities in comparative perspective. We will examine the origins and evolution of the suburban ideal, from earlier European precedents, to the "garden city" and "street car" trolley and train suburbs of the 19th century, to the automobile suburbs, and to the "post-suburban" communities that have emerged since the late 20th century. Geographical coverage will extend from Hartford to Orange County, California. Topics include race and class, gender and sexuality, and the politics of space and place, among others. This is a fully interdisciplinary course. Sources include works from history, anthropology, literature, geography, built environment, philosophy, and cinema, for example, starting with a look at "The Truman Show" (1998).
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 283
African Diaspora in Latin America and the Caribbean
Of the approximately 12 million African slaves brought to the Americas, more than 11 million were taken to Brazil, the Caribbean and other parts of Latin America. This course examines the origins of the African slave trade and slavery; the evolution of racial ideologies; forms of resistance, including the successful Haitian Revolution (1791-1804); and the century-long struggle to end slavery (1783-1888). We will also study how African, Afro-Latin American, and Afro-Caribbean peoples forged distinctive but inter-related Diasporic cultures (in religion, music, art, literature) and political movements for racial justice. Almost every Latin American & Caribbean country will be examined, including Brazil, Cuba, Jamaica, Colombia, Argentina, and others. Throughout the course comparisons will be made with African-American history in the USA.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 291
French Politics and Culture 1715-1799: Enlightenment and Revolution
This course begins with an examination of the central themes of the French Enlightenment and contrasts them with the politics of court life under Louis XV and Louis XVI. It will then explore the causes and the trajectory of the Revolution (1789-1799) through the use of primary documents. We will consider the shifts from absolutism to constitutional monarchy to radical republic in terms of the development in France of a modern political culture. The course will conclude with a discussion of Napoleon’s rise to power in 1799 and the meaning of the Napoleonic Empire, which collapsed at Waterloo in 1815, as well as a consideration of the legacy of the French Revolution in politics today.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 299
What is History?
A study of the character and range of activities undertaken by historians. Students will critically evaluate the way in which historians treat evidence and draw conclusions. Topics considered will include an introduction of some of the subdisciplines within the field and an examination of a number of important exchanges on matters of substance and method currently under debate among historians.
Prerequisite: This course is open only to History majors and minors.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 300
History Workshop
The Workshop seminar combines extensive readings on the topic of the seminar with a substantial research paper involving the use of primary source materials and original analysis. Prerequisite: At least one History Department course completed at Trinity. This course is primarily for History majors but permission of the instructor will allow other Trinity students interested to enroll.
Prerequisite: C- or better in at least one History course completed at Trinity, or permission of instructor.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 301
Modern Britain and Imperial Culture
This seminar will explore the ways in which British culture and society have been shaped by its past global empire, from the mid-eighteenth century through the present day. Some of our discussions will center around consumables like sugar, silk and rubber, to investigate how the Empire influenced what people ate, drank and wore. We will consider how Empire shaped public spaces through monuments, zoos and exhibitions, and how it inspired public debates about race, women, Christianity and civic responsibility. We will conclude by analyzing the effects of migration from former colonies to Britain and considering the legacy of the Empire in contemporary British life.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 301
History as Text, Text as History: America in the Long 19th Century
This discussion course will examine topics in the intellectual and cultural history of the "long 19th century" (1789-1914) in the United States, with emphasis on relations among culture (ideas, values, and myths), society, and political economy (structures of production and power). We will use works of literature, film, and propaganda as channels of inquiry into the historical record, and we will assess the evidentiary value and "representativeness" of the texts we analyze. All the works we examine will be ones that were designed to make history as well as to reflect on it. They will include titles by Franklin, Tocqueville, Martineau, Douglass, Pennington, Stowe, Bellamy, Riis, and Griffith.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 302
Germany to 1815
In 1815, while such other major European countries as England and France had grown into centralized, relatively modern nation-states, Germany remained a loose conglomeration of independent and generally underdeveloped kingdoms, duchies, and free cities. Indeed, before Napoleon there were 300 of them, and it is more fitting to speak of "German Central Europe" in 1815 than of "Germany." The purpose of this course is to understand why. Topics include the formation of the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" in the tenth century, the Investiture Controversy (which greatly weakened the German emperors), the German Renaissance, the Lutheran Reformation, the Thirty Years' War, the nature of the Hapsburg monarchy, the rise of Prussia, and the effect of the Napoleonic Wars on the German states. Readings will include both primary and secondary works.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 303
Modern Ireland, Global Island
This course explores the complicated and contentious process through which Ireland transformed from a single political entity within the British Empire to two separate entities: the Republic of Ireland, an independent state, and Northern Ireland, which remained part of the United Kingdom but has suffered decades of civil strife. Through class discussion and careful analysis of primary and secondary sources, we will look at the major political, social and economic changes on the island of Ireland since 1800. We will pay special attention to the island’s interaction with the wider world, including through its diaspora, and we will examine whether Ireland’s political history can be understood in terms of decolonisation and post-colonialism.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 304
Renaissance Italy
This course explores the origin, distinctiveness, and importance of the Italian Renaissance. It is also about culture, society, and identity in the many “Italies” that existed before the modern period. Art, humanism, and the link between cultural patronage and political power will be a focus, as will the lives of 15th- and 16th-century women and men. Early lectures will trace the evolution of the Italian city-states, outlining the social and political conditions that fostered the cultural flowering of the 1400s and 1500s. We will consider Florence in the quattrocento, and subsequently shift to Rome in the High Renaissance. Later topics will include the papacy’s return to the Eternal City, the art of Michelangelo and Raphael, and the ambitions of the warlike and mercurial Pope Julius II. Italy was a politically fragmented peninsula characterized by cultural, linguistic, and regional differences. For this reason, other topics will include: the fortunes of Venice, the courts of lesser city-states like Mantua and Ferrara, the life of Alessandra Strozzi, and the exploits of the “lover and fighter” Benvenuto Cellini. We will also look at representations of the Renaissance in film.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 305
Disease, Race and Colonialism in the Americas
Colonialism in the Americas has traditionally been studied from different historiographical perspectives. However, what Arjun Appadurai has called the number in the colonial imagination has usually been excluded from serious attention. This course will place issues about numbers in the colonial imagination and key processes at the center of major historical problems of the period between the 1490s and 1820s. These will focus especially on the introduction of European diseases, and the categorization and counting of colonized peoples into races. Among the questions to be addressed are: How many peoples lived in the Americas before Columbus? How do we know? How many died from imported diseases? How do we know? How many enslaved Africans did the Europeans transport to the Americas? How do we know? How did colonial officials count different races? Why was this important?
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 306
History of Anti-Semitism
This seminar will study the history of anti-Semitism in European culture. We will consider the evolution from pre-modern religious anti-Judaism to modern racial anti-Semitism and how such animus can coexist with tolerant attitudes towards Jews and Judaism. The course readings will be largely primary sources supplemented by some articles and monographs.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 307
Russia to 1881
An introduction to Russian history from earliest times through the death of Tsar Alexander II. This course explores the social, cultural, and political development of medieval and early modern Russia; the significance and impact on Russian society of the revolutionary reforms of Tsar Peter the Great; the flowering of Russian learning and culture under the “enlightened” Empress Catherine the Great; Russian imperial aspirations in Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; and the social upheavals and revolutionary movements of the nineteenth century that paved the way for the October Revolution of 1917. Emphasis is on intellectual, cultural and social history, particularly of the 18th and 19th centuries.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 308
Rebuilding European Cities
In the summer of 1945, much of Europe was in ruins. Architecturally and culturally distinguished pre-war cities suffered massive destruction and in the next decades Europeans were obliged to rebuild their shattered urban centers. This course will focus on not only the physical reconstruction of European cities, but also how the process of city planning and a form of urban renewal propelled by the tragedies of the War mirrored the political, economic, social and cultural rebuilding of European lives. Themes discussed and explored include the influence of occupying powers—east and west of the "Iron Curtain"--on city life; the treatment of former Jewish spaces; memorials and remembrance; a second era of rebuilding in Eastern Europe after 1989; and how immigrants are changing European cities.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 310
A survey of German history from 1815 to 1945. Topics will include the Vormarz Period, Bismarck, Wilhelmine Germany, the Weimar Republic, and the Third Reich.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 311
Sense of Place in the Native Northeast
The coasts, rivers, fields, hills, villages, and cities of present-day Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia have been home for indigenous families, communities, and nations through numerous environmental, political, and economic transformations. Students will learn about the ways that Native nations of the Northeast, from Pequots to Mi'kmaqs, have adapted, recreated, and reaffirmed a deep connectedness to their homelands and territories, from the fifteenth century to the present. Fields trips to local sites and archives will facilitate original historical research. Primary sources to be assigned include autobiographies, travel narratives, war histories, maps, Native American stories, and dictionaries of indigenous place names, and secondary source readings will cover major themes in Native American studies, with special emphasis on sense of place.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 312
Korea and Japan in Historical Perspective
This course provides an overview of the history of relations between Korea and Japan, within the shifting contexts of imperialism and post-colonialism. Through extensive readings and class discussions, students will also gain a detailed understanding of the historiography of Korean-Japanese relations and the debates that still inform the ways the Japanese and Koreans – both North and South – view one another today. Students will produce a significant historiographical essay on a topic to be decided upon in consultation with the instructor. No prior coursework in Korean or Japanese history is required, but students with no background in the histories of Korea and Japan will be required to do additional reading to obtain a better understanding of the historical contexts encountered in the regular readings.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 312
Memory in European History & Culture: History of Concepts
This course will focus on the problems of memory and remembrance. We will analyze different concepts of memory that influenced Western culture and Western mind, from Antiquity to our days. In particular, we will attempt to understand how past and recent Occident societies understood memory and how they operated with some conceptions of memory over about the two thousand years. We will begin with Socrates and Plato, move to St. Augustine’s theory of memory. We will end with the most influential contemporary concepts of memory, in particular that of the cultural memory by Adelaide and Jan Assman. More importantly, we will try to analyze the impacts that past and recent concepts of memory might have had on different societies and their memory cultures.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 313
Environment and Empire in the Early Modern World
This course examines how Europeans interacted with their environments during the early modern period, when Europe went from being a relatively poor, inward-looking society to a power that would dominate much of the world. We will use primary sources, including art and maps, to reconstruct how the rise of capitalism and the first age of globalization influenced Europeans’ relationships with their environments, and how they in turn transformed the environments in which they found themselves. Themes include the effect of climate change on history, the impact of a capitalist search for resources on the world’s environments, and colonialism as an environmental enterprise.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 314
Dictatorship, Revolution, Reform, and Military Coups in Central America
Few regions in the world have suffered more human rights violations as a result of dictatorship, revolution, reformist movements, and military coups than Latin American and the Caribbean. These dramatic processes have been especially persistent in the countries of Central America: Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. American foreign policy has played a critical role in these countries as far back as the administration of Abraham Lincoln; an involvement that has only strengthened through the presidencies of Franklin D. Roosevelt, John F. Kennedy, George W. Bush, and most recently, Barak Obama. This course explores the historical nexus between dictatorships, revolution, reformism, military coups, and US foreign policy in Central America between the 1890s and the early 21st century.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 315
The Pacific War: 1931-1945
This course examines the consequences of Japan's occupation of Manchuria, Tokyo's rejection of membership in the League of Nations, and the birth of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. Subsequently, Japanese expansionism in north and south China and the formation of an increasingly close relationship with Italy and Germany paved the way for the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Key topics to be examined will include the Japan's response to Chinese nationalism, Japanese perceptions of Versaille order as it impinged upon East Asia, Japan's theory and practice of "total war," war in Burma and the Pacific, and the effect of the Pacific War on European colonial empires.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 316
The Pacific War in Film
The war between Japan and the United States and its allies that raged across the South Pacific, Southeast and Northeast Asia from 1941 to 1945 remains one of the most destructive in human history. Although this conflict is typically viewed along with the European war against Nazi Germany and fascist Italy as part of the wider Second World War, perceptions on both sides of the Pacific about the fundamental cultural and racial difference and inhumanity of the enemy added a dimension of animosity to the conflict that still colors the way “the war” is remembered to this day. In addition to examining the historical causes and course of the conflict, we will explore how the combatants and the meaning of the conflict have been portrayed and remembered, during the war itself and since then, in film, the medium through which most non-combatants have come to appreciate and remember the conflict. Viewing and discussing films on the war produced in a variety of countries and historical contexts -- from wartime propaganda films to the most recent big-budget war movies -- will be a required part of this course.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 317
Shanghai & Its Neighborhood: Historical Circumstances/Rapid Urban Growth/Regional Development
From the era of the Opium War onward, Shanghai emerged as China’s foremost international city and largest entrepôt. As China joined the global community, the city’s hybrid life fascinated the world and produced new paradigms for development in many spheres. In this process, Shanghai transformed the lower Yangtze region as its prosperity and the intensity of its socio-political life modified the identity of smaller communities around it. Using urban space as ‘text’ in combination with contemporary documents, memoirs, novels, and secondary materials, this course will build an understanding of Shanghai’s remarkable role as an engine of urban change while pursuing a parallel inquiry to understand the emerging form of nearby cities influenced by Shanghai’s propulsive pattern of growth.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 318
Gender and Sexuality in Middle Eastern History
This course takes constructions of femininity and masculinity and related representations of male and female sexuality in both the pre-modern and modern Middle East, with an emphasis on the Arab world, as its focus. Through theoretical readings and primary sources, both written and visual, we will explore the ways in which gender and sexuality have shaped political, economic, and cultural life in the Middle East.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 319
Mapping the Middle East
This course approaches the history of the Middle East through maps. It will look at the many different ways maps have told the story of the territory we now call the Middle East and the many different points of view that have defined it as a geographical entity. Readings will analyze maps as social constructions and will place mapmaking and map-use in a historical context. We will relate maps to questions of empire, colonialism, war and peace, nationalism, and environmental change. Students will be required to undertake an original research paper.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 319
Gender, Heresy, and Resistance in Medieval Europe
How did medieval people and communities define themselves and what happened when new forms of identity were created? What happened when individuals and communities came into conflict with other groups as they expressed these new identities? Case studies will focus on the history of women, such as Joan of Arc who redefined traditional female identities, and heretical and peasant movements that challenged the leadership of the Church and elite landlords, among other topics.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 320
Gender and Masculinity in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1870s-1970
This course addresses discourses of sexuality and gender in men in Latin America and the Caribbean between the 1870s and the 1970s. It will examine sexual practices and their cultural and social meanings in this region. Students will read social history, biographies, memoirs, poetry and see films to study sexual practices and behaviors, as well as expressions of love, in the daily life of men in relations with men and women in the Americas. The century will be divided two sub-periods, 1870s -1930s, and the 1940s to the late 1970s. The former registered new concepts, "homosexual" in 1867" and "heterosexual" at the beginning of the 20th century; by the 1960s and 1970s gay rights movements in the U.S. influenced Latin America and the Caribbean masculinities.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 321
Revolutionary France: 1715-1799
This course examines the causes, trajectory, and consequences of the French Revolution: 1789-1799. Topics covered include the court society, the republic of letters, the financial crisis of the crown, the revolutionary elite, the course of the revolution, its Marxist interpretation, and Jacobin ideology.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 322
Shanghai: From Treaty Port to Megacity
In a few decades after its forcible opening as a Treaty Port in 1842, Shanghai emerged as Asia's greatest port. It quickly grew to an international city that played a defining in China role as a catalyst for cultural, social, and economic change. After 1937, however, war, civil war, and revolution put the brakes on Shanghai's advance. After the late 1980's, Shanghai reemerged as one of the world's leading centers of trade and a meeting place of civilizations. Today the city is the linchpin of the economy of the Yangtze River basin and China's foremost gateway to the world. Using historical, literary, and documentary materials this course will reflect on the evolution of Shanghai and the role it played as a catalyst for change in various eras.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 323
Sex, Love, and Gender in Latin America and Caribbean History
This course will examine love, romance, sexual practices, and cultural meanings of these concepts across different regions and distinct periods in the course of Latin American and Caribbean history. We will draw on a wide variety of sources for this exploration, such as social histories, biographical sketches, memoirs, poetry, paintings, documentaries, and movies, taken from a wide range of countries in the region. We will begin with the "ancient" societies of the Aztecs, Mayans, and Incas. The European and African impact and consequent racial and ethnic mixtures resultant from the era of colonialism and post-colonialism will also be explored as complicating contexts for considerations of love, romance, and sexual practices.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 324
Museums and History in Comparative Context
In many contemporary societies millions of people learn about their nation's history by visiting museums. What are these institutions? Why, when, and how did they come into being? In this course we will approach these questions from a comparative perspective by exploring the evolution of the historical museum in a variety of national contexts. Students will be introduced to the history of museums and their foundational concepts and practices in Latin America (particularly Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica), the Caribbean, the United States, and various countries in Western Europe (especially Spain, France, and Italy). We will also explore approaches to national history in museums of Japan and Cambodia. The focus of our comparison in each case will be on how museums in these regions have "exhibited" national cultural heritage, and how national history is defined in each of these countries.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 325
Italy and the Mediterranean
This seminar examines the history of Italian coasts from the Middle Ages up to the period of nineteenth-century national unification. The focus in the first instance will be the history of port cities as well as the coastal stretches that lay between urban centers of power and commerce. As the chronology shifts toward later periods, the historical investigation of shores will also develop comparisons to coastal cultures elsewhere in the world.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 325
The Civil Rights Movement
The course examines the major social and political developments of the civil rights era and the different strategies for social reform that emerged within the Black Freedom Movements in the North and in the South. Major topics will include the post-World War II emergence of the civil rights movement in the North, the rise of the Southern civil rights movement, Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, urban revolt, SNCC, the Black Panthers, the Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement, and Vietnam. We will discuss the relationship between the black movements and the broader political and social developments in post-war American society.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 326
Disaster Archipelago: Volcanoes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, and the Japanese
Japan is one of the most seismically active countries in the world. Throughout history, people have dealt with devastation from volcanic eruptions, frequent earthquakes, and killer tsunamis. This course explores the history of these catastrophes and their aftermaths from a variety of perspectives: economic, political, social, and cultural. How have the Japanese people coped with these disasters and attempted to prepare for them, in light of shifting political contexts and evolving knowledge of the geologic mechanisms involved? Students will explore and discuss a wide variety of primary and secondary sources on Japanese ways of appreciating and dealing with disasters past and present, including memoirs, novels, and films. The course will culminate with an in-depth examination of the march 2011 tsunami and its aftermath.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 327
World Histories of Wine
This seminar explores the history of wine, a new and growing research field in world history. We will consider how wine has been produced, traded, and consumed in both continental Europe and the “New World” since circa 1600. Topics will include: approaches to commodity history; wine, terroir and the construction of national identity; protection and global markets; technological change and modernisation; networks, trade and information exchanges; and the creation of consumers and experts. There will be a field trip to a Connecticut winery. All students will write a major research paper and it is possible to gain additional course credit for Language Across the Curriculum by undertaking foreign-language research.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 328
Comparative Urbanism: Life Since 1850
This course explores urban history and urban planning by focusing on how certain models of urbanism emerged alongside modernity and capitalism since Paris was transformed into the emblematic city of capitalist modernity in 1850-1870. Topics include urban spaces, urban planning and architecture; the interplay between politics and social movements; finance capital and real-estate development; and mass consumption and sports mega-events. Examples will include cities in Europe, the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 329
The Holocaust
This seminar will study major topics in the history of the Holocaust and focus on perpetrators, bystanders and victims. Special attention will be given to historiographical controversies.
This course open to senior History majors only.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 330
The Western Impact on Modern Japan
A history of modern Japan's contact with and reactions to the West. Topics will cover knowledge of the West under the seclusion policy, Perry's impact, the policy of Bunmei Kaika (civilization and enlightenment), Westernization and repercussion, and Japanese intellectuals and the West.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 331
History of Human Rights and Africa
This course begins with an exploration of the historical development of human rights. Examining how human rights have operated in a global system, we will look at how rights existed for various cultures in Africa before the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. While we will address the legal and philosophical dimensions of human rights, this course will focus on the intellectual history of the experience and practice of human rights in Africa.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 332
African Nationalism and Decolonization
This course examines both the theoretical and empirical aspects of anticolonial nationalist movements in Africa from the end of World War II to the dismantling of the apartheid regime in South Africa in the early 1990s. Topics such as nonviolent civil disobedience, armed guerilla struggle, nationalist thought, and postcolonial state formation will inform the ways in which we seek to understand the end of European colonial rule and its social, economic, cultural, and political implications for Africa. A series of case studies will acquaint students to such themes as well as highlight the utility of an interdisciplinary approach for examining a broad array of historical developments. The second half of the course will focus on southern Africa, using the Aluka digital archive, "The Struggles for Freedom in South Africa Collection."
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 333
Mapping the Middle East
This course approaches the history of the Middle East using maps as primary sources. The very term “Middle East” depends on a cognitive mapping process that presupposes a certain point of view. This course will look at the many different ways maps have told the story of the territory we now call the Middle East and the many different points of view that have defined it as a geographical entity and animated its inhabitants from late antiquity through the twenty-first century. Readings will analyze maps as social constructions and will place mapmaking and map-use in a historical context. We will relate maps to questions of empire, colonialism, war and peace, nationalism, and environmental change. Students will be required to undertake an original research paper. This course fulfills requirements for majors in International Studies and History.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 334
Provinces of the Roman Empire
A history of the first two centuries of the provinces of the Roman Empire, including the processes of acquisition and Romanization and the survival of regional cultures. Important themes include social conditions, economic opportunities, and religious and political change. Extensive use of archaeological evidence.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 335
Chivalry, which literally means mounted warriors, is one of the most important developments of medieval European culture; it shaped ideals of honor and norms of social behavior from the Middle Ages to the present. We will explore how so-called nobles used art, literature and other written records to articulate ideals of chivalry that helped to obscure or atone for the violence and cruelty powerful lords in medieval society. We will explore as well how these mythical ideals about proper conduct in battle and at court affected warfare, relations between men and women, female power, and the evolution of government through the 17th century. Finally, we will consider how chivalry or contested notions of its ideals are still with us in the modem world.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 337
English Law and Government
This seminar explores the origins of Anglo-American democracy and the rule of law. It will study the evolution of English law and government in the Middle Ages from the Norman Conquest to the Glorious Revolution. It will examine the evolution of the common law, the origins of property, regulation of crime, the nature of English kingship, and the development of Parliament. The course will be taught from primary source materials, such as medieval court records, with supplementary readings from secondary scholarship.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 338
Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century
Eastern Europe was the site of tremendous upheaval and change throughout the twentieth century. A part of the Habsburg Empire until the end of the First World War, the nations of Eastern Europe - Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia - attempted to democratize, served as ground zero for the devastation of World War II and the Holocaust, and then were absorbed into the Soviet Bloc, where they asserted themselves through reform and revolution. Through academic texts, memoirs and primary sources, this course will delve into the history of the region explore Eastern Europe in all its myriad forms.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 339
Modern Mexico, Historical Origins
This course is a survey of Mexican history from the colonial period under Spain to the aftermath and consequences of the Mexican Revolution in the 1910s and 1920s. However, most of the course’s time will be dedicated to the post-Independence period after 1821. The “modern” period extends from the post-Cardenas period (after 1940) to the recent economic crisis of the late 1970s as a result of plummeting oil prices. This latter period will be considered in a more “topical” than a chronological way. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the post-Cardenas political system, the border economy with the United States and industrialization, Mexican immigration to the United States, and the contours of deepening Mexican agrarian capitalism.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 340
Leonardo and Machiavelli: Renaissance Geniuses
This course considers the life and times of two Renaissance figures: Leonardo da Vinci and Niccolò Machiavelli. They hailed from the same part of Italy, and their paths may have crossed in the troubled early-16th century. Although each would experience his share of successes and reversals, their fortunes would differ greatly. Leonardo went on to fame in the court of the French king, while Machiavelli was imprisoned and condemned to live in exile and isolation. What do their lives tell us about the Renaissance, and the significance of genius in history? Viewed together, the works and achievements of Leonardo and Machiavelli present extraordinary range and diversity: from paintings, sculptures, anatomies, tanks, and flying machines, to political theory, satire, citizen militias, and visions of diverting the course of the Arno river. Students will explore the Renaissance through the words and ideas of both figures, as well as through the observations and remembrances of others, such as Giorgio Vasari and Arcangela Tarabotti.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 341
Medieval Worlds
This course will explore several fundamental topics in medieval history including the Christianization of Europe, the nature and growth of lordship, chivalric culture, the Crusades, the formation of royal government, and the treatment of Jews, heretics, and women. Weekly readings will be drawn from primary sources such as chronicles, letters, treatises, and legal records. We will also read contemporary scholarly debates on these topics. Students will meet with the instructor in pairs on a weekly basis for approximately one hour. At each of these sessions, one student will present a five-page paper based on the weekly reading while the other is responsible for a thoughtful and constructive critique. Students will alternate between presenting and critiquing other papers for a total of five papers and five critiques. This course is designed for students who wish to work intensively on their writing and rhetorical skills in partnership with other students and the professor.
1.00 units, Tutorial
HIST 342
History of Sexuality
This course examines the ways in which notions of the body, gender, sexual desire, and sexuality have been organized over space and time. Taking as a starting point the geographical regions of the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America in the ancient and medieval periods, the course seeks to de-center discourses of Western sexual modernity. It then addresses the ways in which colonialism, racism, nationalism, and globalization have depended on and disrupted normative ideas about modern sexuality, including the hetero/homosexual binary. Throughout the course we will ask how historians use theoretical and primary sources to construct a history of sexuality. Course expectations include a final research paper.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 344
America's Most Wanted: True Crime and the American Imagination
Americans are fascinated by crime. We read detective fiction, watch police dramas, and hold murder mystery dinners. When the crimes are real, we debate guilt or innocence, punishment or rehabilitation, death penalty or life in prison at our dinner tables. Why this fascination, and what does it tell us about our culture and our concerns? In this course we examine several actual crimes and try to understand what made these crimes, and not others, so riveting. What drew us in? What kept us there? Along the way we will also discuss changing police and penal practices, how attitudes about race, class, religion, and gender play into public fixations on particular crimes, and how and why those attitudes shifted over time.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 345
Warring States: The United States and Vietnam
Probably no set of events in the post-war history of the United States has so torn the fabric of American political life and values as the war in Vietnam. The war tested American foreign and military policy aims in Asia and became the object of a soul-searching national controversy that engaged the energies of millions of Americans and tried the collective conscience of the nation. For the Vietnamese people, the war was a harsh experience that evoked sacrifice and suffering in the name of revolution and independence. Vietnam’s struggle with the United States represented in symbolic and practical terms an attempt to resolve questions of national identity and sovereignty that were the legacy of foreign domination and an ambiguous encounter with European culture and society. This course will examine the Vietnam War through a variety of historical materials including monographs, documents, novels, and memoirs. Films and guest-lectures will supplement the core readings. Readings will include: George Herring, America's Longest War; John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment; James Carroll, American Requiem; Truong Nhu Tang, A Viet Cong Memoir; and Tim O’Brien, If I Die in a Combat Zone.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 345
Seismic Disasters in Japan, Then and Now: Earth, Environment, and Culture
Japan has faced seismically related disasters throughout its history, the most recent being the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami. This course will tour sites in Japan for twelve days during the summer that have been impacted by such disasters – including Tokyo, Mount Asama, and the Pacific coast of northeastern Honshu – to explore the history of these events, and their environmental, cultural, and social impacts firsthand. Prior to departing in late May, students will have regularly scheduled group meetings with the instructors in the spring to be introduced to pertinent scientific, social, and cultural concepts through readings and discussions in preparation for the trip. Students who have taken or are concurrently enrolled in ENVS 112, ENVS 149, or HIST 326 will be given preference in enrollment.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 346
The Narratives of History
How is history related to memory? To memoir? To reality? The Narratives of History explores these questions by reading American memoirs including so-called "Indian captivity narratives," slave narratives, working-class and immigrant oral-histories and autobiographies of the famous and not-so-famous. How do the authors construct the world, and why? How have these texts been used to advance particular views or agendas? How can we use both the texts and their symbolic uses to better interpret and understand the world they came from?
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 348
Race in America
The dual purpose of this course is to explore the meaning of race in American history and the influence of American history on race. The course is designed primarily as an introduction to the multicultural histories of African Americans, Asian Americans, Chicanos/as, and Native Americans. We will focus on how geography, environment, expansion, class, gender, imperialism, and capitalism have affected race in America.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 349
Writing the American Desert
This course treats changes in attitudes toward the American deserts, particularly the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and Mojave, through reading accounts of travels, fiction, and other primary source material, from about the period of the Long Expedition (which coined the expression “Great American Desert” as the descriptor for the Plains) to Edward Abbey and the environmental movement. Because the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts straddle the US-Mexico border, we will also make forays into the Mexican world, exploring ways in which the construction of a totally artificial border after the Mexican-American War and the Gadsden Purchase affected attitudes toward that desert world; this will also allow us to consider the views of Hispanic settlers who made this region their home long before the advent of Americans. Finally, we will also explore Native American attitudes toward landscapes that were their own homelands, seen through a very different prism than that of the European-American settlers coming from a humid east.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 349
Writing the American Desert
This course treats changes in attitudes toward the American deserts, particularly the Chihuahuan, Sonoran, and Mojave, through reading accounts of travels, fiction, and other primary source material, from about the period of the Long Expedition (which coined the expression “Great American Desert” as the descriptor for the Plains) to Edward Abbey and the environmental movement. Because the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts straddle the US-Mexico border, we will also make forays into the Mexican world, exploring ways in which the construction of a totally artificial border after the Mexican-American War and the Gadsden Purchase affected attitudes toward that desert world; this will also allow us to consider the views of Hispanic settlers who made this region their home long before the advent of Americans. Finally, we will also explore Native American attitudes toward landscapes that were their own homelands, seen through a very different prism than that of the European-American settlers coming from a humid east.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 352
The Coming of the Civil War, 1830-1861
An exploration of the origins of the American Civil War, with emphasis on such topics as slavery, race, abolitionism, growing Southern sectional consciousness, the struggle over slavery in the western territories, the dissolution of the national party system and the rise of the Republicans, the secession of seven states following Lincoln's election, 11th-hour efforts at compromise, and the Fort Sumter crisis. Lectures and discussion. Not open to students who have taken History 350. The Civil War Era.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 354
The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877
This course examines not only the military dimensions of the war years but also such topics as politics in the Union and the Confederacy, the presidential leadership of Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, women in the Union and Confederate war efforts, and the struggle over emancipation. The latter part of the course considers post-war political, social, and economic developments, including nearly four million African Americans' transition from slavery to freedom, the conflict over how to reconstruct the former Confederate states, the establishment of bi-racial governments in those states, and the eventual overthrow of Reconstruction by conservative white "Redeemers." Lectures and discussions.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 355
The Bible in History
The Bible is arguably the most important book ever assembled. This course will explore the changing role of the Bible from Late Antiquity to the Enlightenment and its impact on society. Themes addressed in this course include: the holiness of the text, the role of the Bible in medieval culture, comparisons with the Hebrew Bible and the Koran, the impact of printing, and the critical re-conception of the Bible as a created rather than divine text.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 358
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
The “decline and fall” of Rome was a complicated and lengthy process. This course will examine the many aspects of that process, including the crisis of the Empire in the third century A. D., the recovery under Diocletian and Constantine, the evolution in the fourth century of a new, stable Empire, and the new crises of the fifth and sixth centuries that resulted in the emergences of the proto-medieval states in the West and the Byzantine Empire in the East. Social and economic developments will receive special emphasis throughout. The reading will consist of primary sources in translation and some interpretative material.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 359
Gender and Colonialism in Africa
Gender relations were a key arena of struggle among men and women in colonial Africa. This course considers the ways in which gender ideologies and practices – both European and African – shaped the colonial encounter and were reconfigured by it. It examines how European and African gender ideologies influenced the design and implementation of colonial policies and considers the differing ways in which African men and women responded to colonial change, including the rise of cash cropping, mining, and labor migration, the establishment of customary law, Christian missionizing, and European reform efforts. Case studies of moments of gender crisis will elucidate the experiences of ordinary men and women as well as elites and officials during the rapid changes brought on by colonialism.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 361
Interpreting the American Dream
A critical inquiry into the ways in which Americans of diverse characteristics have thought about the promise of America.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 362
The Samurai Warrior in History, Myth, and Reality
The samurai were as important for Japan’s historical and cultural transformation as they are misunderstood. This course aims at separating the myth from the reality of the samurai by examining the history of Japanese warriors and the culture they created, from their lowly origins in antiquity through their rise to hegemony during the 13th through 18th centuries, to their eventual disappearance as a distinct class in the 19th century. We will also examine the evolving image of the samurai warrior and his supposedly rigid moral code of conduct, as it appears in literature and film, from some of the earliest appearances of such images right up to today. Our purpose in examining these images of the samurai is not only to distinguish myth from reality, but also to explore the political purposes such images have been put to in legitimating samurai rule prior to the 20th century, and in informing Japanese views of themselves and non-Japanese views of Japan in the years since.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 363
Living on the Margins of Modern Japan
This course explores the histories and identities of groups that, for a variety of reasons, have not been considered part of “mainstream” Japanese society. Among these are ethnic minorities, such as the Ainu, Okinawans, and resident Koreans, and social minorities, such as the descendants of former outcastes groups who are referred to collectively as the Burakumin. In addition to these groups, we will also explore the nature of groups viewed as outside of the mainstream by dint of the lifestyle they lead or the circumstances that have been forced upon them, such as the yakuza (gangsters), ultra-rightwing activists, residents of slums, and others. Through such an exploration, we will come to challenge the perception, all-too-common both inside and outside of Japan, that Japanese society is homogeneous. We will also look into how this illusion of homogeneity has been constructed, and what the consequences are for those who find themselves marginalized in the process.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 365
World War II
This course will investigate political, social, and cultural aspects of World War II in Europe and the Soviet Union. Topics will include the breakdown of the Versailles system, the interrelationship of military and social change, genocide, resistance movements, and the impact of war on European culture.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 366
History of the Book
This course is designed to give students an extensive introduction to issues in the history of the book, including: the origins of writing, the transition from roll to codex, medieval literacy and book technology, the impact of printing, the nature of reading in early modern Europe, and the future of the book in the digital age.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 367
Interpreting the Ancient City in a National and World Context:Angkor
This course will examine the political structure, social fabric and cultural florescence of the ancient cities of Cambodia in juxtaposition with the earlier Maya cities of Mexico, Honduras and Guatemala. The dissonance between empirical records of the ancient Maya and Khmer and the narrative of national history as it emerged through colonial and post-colonial times will be addressed. This will be a 'hands-on' course as students or discover and analyze their own documents using the tools of archaeology and documentary photography and use existing historical records to form a textured vision of the ancient city and how it came to be understood. This course is formed around fieldwork in Cambodia. An optional sequel will follow in Mexico in the summer 2014.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 368
Gender and War in Twentieth Century Europe
Between 1914 and 1945, Europe was engulfed in what can be termed its "Second" Thirty Years War. The First and Second World Wars lay waste to Europe, changing and challenging every aspect of society, including the gender order. Women were asked to make sacrifices for their nations on the Home Front, as well as enter into realms of the public sphere which had previously been forbidden. Men who took up arms had to readjust to civilian life after years spent in battle. This course will examine how the First and Second World Wars affected both men and women - how notions of femininity and masculinity were challenged and renegotiated during and after the wars. Readings will include academic texts and contemporary sources.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 370
Mobs, Masses, and Democracy in America
“There are in fact no masses,” writes the cultural critic Raymond Williams. “There are only ways of seeing people as masses.” This intellectual and social history course will examine ways of “seeing people as masses” in the United States since the American Revolution. By studying changing interpretations of mobs, masses, and social movements, we will inquire into changing ideas about American democracy, the character of “the people,” and ways of communicating with them. Particular topics will include the role of “the crowd” in the era of the Revolution; images of riots, strikes, lynch mobs, theater audiences, and other kinds of collective behavior in the 19th century; criticism of the mass society, mass culture, and the mass media (movies, radio, TV, advertising) in the 20 century; and ideas about the causes and effects of social movements. Course materials will include novels and films in addition to more traditional types of primary documents. This is a core course for the Studies in Progressive American Social Movements minor.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 372
Post War Europe: From Genocide to the Struggle for Human Rights
This course explores European culture and politics from 1945 through the present, surveying sources in fiction, memoir, film and the arts. Themes include the problems of reconstruction and memory, Marxism and communism and the social-democracy, civil liberty, sexuality and immigration. The Cold War, the New Left, the invasions of Hungary and Czechoslovakia, the collapse of the Berlin Wall and of the Soviet Union, the welfare state, “Americanization,” racism, ethnocentrism and nationalism, all offer instances of cultural and political conflict. This course includes lectures, discussion and a film program.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 374
Alexander the Great
This course covers the life and times of Alexander the Great, a man who was able to subjugate most of the known world, but failed to erect a lasting political structure. When he died at the age of 33 years, he left a vast empire to be torn to pieces by his successors. However, his achievements were more than military, and his colonists built cities in places as far from Greece as modern Afghanistan, creating a new world in which Greek culture flourished.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 375
Egypt from Alexander to Amr. The Nile and Desert Under the Greeks and Romans
From the advent of Alexander the Great to the Muslim conquest in 640 CE by the then governor of Palestine, Egypt was under the rule of Greeks and Romans. Thanks to the dry climate, a bounty of texts have been preserved that permit a far more detailed look into life than can typically be achieved elsewhere in the Greco-Roman world. In this course, students will attain a firm background in the history of Egypt during these centuries; become familiar with the source material on which that history is based; and explore the evidence for daily life.
Prerequisite: C- or better in History 115 or 116, or permission of instructor.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 376
The French Revolution
An exploration of the Great French Revolution of 1789 that focuses on its social and political history, beginning with the Revolution’s origins in the crisis of the old regime and ending with its legacy in the nineteenth-century Europe. The course will grapple with the major historiographical debates, recently reinvigorated by an explosion of innovative scholarship on the Revolution. Topics to be examined include: the origins of the Revolution, the radicalization of the Revolution, counterrevolution, political culture and legitimacy, transformations in the civic order, the roles of different social actors (the bourgeoisie, nobles, artisans, peasants, women), the Thermidorian reaction, and the Napoleonic settlement. Students will be asked to evaluate competing interpretations and reach their own conclusions. The course will combine lecture and discussion of interpretive works and primary sources.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 378
Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans: Colony, Nation & Diaspora
This course will examine, from an interdisciplinary perspective, the historical formation of a colonial society and a people we now call “Puerto Ricans” by focusing both on the island and on the immigrant communities in the U.S. We will study the island’s history from the ancient, pre-Hispanic era, through some four centuries of Spanish rule (1508-1898), as well as in the almost one hundred years of American colonial rule in the twentieth century. How were “Puerto Rico/Puerto Ricans” constituted as colonial subjects under these two vastly different imperial regimes? From slave plantations to hinterland peasant communities; from small towns to modern, industrial cities in the island; from colonial citizens in the island to immigrant, “minority” outsiders in inner-city neighborhoods in the U.S., the historical experiences of Puerto Ricans have forced upon them multiple understandings of who they must be but also allowed them to work out their own, often conflicting, definitions of “Puerto Rican.”
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 379
The Cuban Revolution: Historical Origins
The Cuban Revolution (1959-present) is one of the most important chapters in the history of the Americas and the modern world. This course examines its deep roots in the 1800s and early 1900s, and how it has evolved, both during the Cold War and since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Topics include: Cuban nationalism and relations with the U.S. and other countries before and after 1959; how Marxism and radical Third-World internationalism have shaped Cuban politics; how Cuban revolutionaries have attempted to address (or not) issues of modernization and social class inequalities, as well as with African heritage and racism, gender and sexual discrimination; and issues in state formation and forms rule, such as dictatorship and democracy.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 380
Brazil: From Colony to Emerging Power
This course introduces students to the history of the largest Latin American country. The timeline covers the pre-European indigenous era, the Portuguese Colonial period (1500s-1822), the post-independence era (1822-1889), and contemporary history until the present. Topics include the conquest of indigenous cultures and environmental degradation; African slavery and Afro-Brazilian culture; gender, sexuality, and race in Brazilian music, dance, soccer and religion; urbanism and urban life; Brazilian cinema; the politics of democracy, citizenship, and military power; and the transformation of Brazil in recent decades into an emerging economic power.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 383
Sports, Race & Nationalism
An examination of the how sports emerged as a major sphere of society and international politics since the late 19th century and how capitalism, race, ethnicity and nationalism have played a major role in this story. We will focus our attention mainly on baseball, basketball, soccer, cricket, and “mega” sporting events, such as the Olympics and FIFA’s World Cup, with case studies from around the world. Additional attention will be given also to the interplay between sports and mega sporting events, on the one hand, and urbanization, urbanism and urban life, on the other. This course counts for both the History and INTS majors (“Global Core” in INTS). For more information, please visit the course blog at =
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 384
Jews and Christians in Medieval Europe
This course will examine the history of Jewish-Christian relations in medieval Europe. It will study theories of anti-Judaism, shifts in Christian attitudes following the 1096 Crusade massacres, the role of the Church, Christian stereotypes of Jews, conversion from Judaism to Christianity, protection and persecution by royal governments, local violence, expulsions, the Inquisition as well as the specific experiences of Jews in England, France, and Spain. The course will also draw on comparative material from Christian interaction with Muslims and heretics, as well as material on the Jewish experience with medieval Islam. The course will be taught from primary source materials with supplementary readings from secondary scholarship.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 387
Everybody's Protest Novel
Americans don’t just have social protests and reform movements, they write fiction to convince others of the rightness of their cause. This course, based on reading, lecture, and discussion, considers the context and the impact of several protest novels and plays in American history, examining the issues they protested, the means of persuasion they used, and their success (or failure). The social movements and protest fiction we will discuss will change from year to year, but will include classics such as Uncle Tom's Cabin (slavery); The Jungle (industrial working conditions); Native Son or To Kill a Mockingbird(racism); or The Crucible (McCarthyism).
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 390
Food and Power in the Americas, 1492-1900
This seminar examines the political and environmental history of food in the New World, from the Columbian Exchange to the Spanish-American War. Over four centuries, people in the Americas produced, distributed, and consumed food in new ways that benefited some and harmed others. By growing, storing, trading, cooking, eating, or presenting food in specialized ways, historical actors accrued and maintained religious, political, economic, and physical power. Yet people also feared certain foods as debilitating and worried that food shortages might result in impoverishment or enslavement. Among the foods to be featured will be maize, potatoes, cacao, maple sugar, cane sugar, wheat, rice, beef, venison, cod, and bison. Along the way, we will discuss indigenous rights, ecological imperialism, political economy, distribution systems, and climate change.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 391
Media and Methods: Engaging African History through Literature and Cinema
This course is organized around texts produced by African writers and filmmakers commenting on African histories. Students will discuss novels and films in tandem with historical scholarship on cultural, political, social, and economic histories of 20th-century Africa. The course will give students an opportunity to think about issues of representation, authorship, and the strengths and limitations of various mediums of historical narration.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 392
European Encounters with the East
When Columbus set sail to find a route to the East by traveling west in 1492 he took along a copy of Marco Polo’s famous journal and kept an eye out for traces of the Terrestrial Paradise as well as for evidence of the monstrous, quasi-human races that every geographer knew were to be found in exotic eastern lands. Legend, religious beliefs, and cultural attitudes have colored encounters, both real and imagined, between Westerners and the peoples and cultures of the East for centuries. This course will examine a selection of those encounters from the ancient to the modern eras. Topics will include accounts of the East by Greek and Roman geographers, medieval travelers and traders such as Marco Polo, participants in the Crusades, and agents of European imperialism.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 393
The Past as Protest and Prophecy in Postwar Japanese Cinema
Through a variety of readings and film viewings, this course explores how Japanese directors from 1945 to the present have used the past as a setting in which to voice political and social commentary about contemporary Japan. We will explore films of a variety of genres -- including war films, samurai dramas, science fiction films, documentaries, avant-garde films, and anime -- created over the last 65 years by directors such as Fukasaku Kinji, Ichikawa Kon, Imamura Shohei, Kurosawa Akira, Mizoguchi Kenji, Oshima Nagisa, Suzuki Seijun, Tsuburaya Eiji, and others. The readings for the course will give students an appreciation of the historical settings that the films portray, the political and social contexts in which they were produced, and an understanding of each director’s political, social, and cinematic vision. These readings will allow us to discuss selected scenes of films viewed in our class meetings in a way that will highlight how postwar discourses of pacifism, internationalism, nationalism, and anti-colonialism are reflected in these cinematic works.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 394
Finding the Present in the Past: Cambodia's Struggle to Forge a National Identity
Under French rule in Cambodia, French scholars and colonial administrators re-discovered the dimly understood past of the Khmer people. Simultaneously, they strengthened the Cambodia royals and elements of traditional administration to buttress a scheme of colonial domination. After colonialism, Prince Sihanouk, Lon Nol, Pol Pot, and Hun Sen built new regimes that also drew sustenance from the ruins of Angkor while, ironically, following ideological directions derived from decades of European domination and the struggle to defeat it. This course explores this history and focuses particularly on the question of how culture heroes and the ruined monuments of a distant age become engaged as the meaning of the contemporary nation evolves. A parallel theme to be explored is the role of the fragile architectural and artistic legacies as vital sources of inspiration in the context of modernizing states with utilitarian development agendas. The case of Cambodia will permit participants to reflect on broader debates about decolonization, state formation, issues of cultural heritage and patrimony, race ethnicity, and tourism in the 21st century world.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 394
Tibet & China: The Consequences of Unsought Unification
This course will examine the parallel histories of Tibet and China up to 1950 and their convergence soon after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Tibet's relationship with China was never simple dependency nor were ethnically Tibetan lands organized according to the template for local government devised by Chinese dynastic states. Tibetan political and religious elites, traders, farmers, and nomads formed a pattern of life on the high plateau in virtual isolation from the political currents of Chinese life. Today, however, Tibet's unique folkways, religion, and culture are increasingly at risk as the Tibetan Autonomous Region is influenced by Chinese settlement, forms of political organization, new patterns of education, and ambitious economic blueprints. The course will be launched by two weeks of intensive study on Trinity's Campus in Hartford (June 20--June 30). During these two weeks, participants will meet daily to discuss a group of core readings. In addition, films and other relevant materials that cast light on Tibet's historical engagement will be introduced. On July 1, the class will leave Hartford for three weeks in the PRC and Tibet (our return to Hartford will be on July 25). During this phase of the course we will visit Beijing, Chengdu and its environs, Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse, and Reting. One trek and informally organized hikes will be integrated into the travel schedule. A detailed itinerary will be geneated by mid-March. This course can be taken together with Buddhism in Tibet: Yesterday & Today for a second summer school credit.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 395
History of the Alps
In the 1990s the European Union recognized the Alpine region as a distinct regional unit. This course is a history of that storied region extending from the Mediterranean to the Adriatic by way of Italy, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria and the Balkans. Topics include the ‘discovery’ of the Alps by European elites in the Age of Enlightenment; the Alps as archive of geological time and center of romantic science; the invention and commercialization of alpine sports; the appeal of the Alps as a place of retreat and healing, and their politicization by fascist Italy and Nazi Germany in the 1920s and 1930s respectively. We end with a consideration of the future of the region in the face of global warming and the promises of trans-nationalism.
1.00 units, Seminar
HIST 396
River Cities of China: The History of Urban Culture along the Yangtze
Throughout Chinese history, the Yangtze River and the cities in its basin have played a formidable role. The river was a channel of trade and political influence: Cities that formed on its banks were marketing centers, hubs of cultural activity, and administrative centers. The importance of the Yangtze was reinforced in the 20th century, and since the reforms mounted in China from the 1980’s the river and its cities have taken a place at the core of China’s economic miracle. This course will examine the historical emergence of the cities we visit during the summer and their transformation from the era of the Opium War to the present.
1.00 units, Lecture
HIST 399
Independent Study
Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairman are required for enrollment.
1.00 units min / 2.00 units max, Independent Study
HIST 466
Teaching Assistantship
Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairman are required for enrollment.
0.50 units min / 1.00 units max, Independent Study
HIST 490
Research Assistantship
Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairman are required for enrollment.
1.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 498
Senior Thesis/Research Seminar
A two-semester senior thesis including the required research seminar in the fall term. Permission of the instructor is required for Part I.
2.00 units, Seminar
HIST 499
Senior Thesis/Continuation
Submission of the special registration form, available in the Registrar’s Office, and the approval of the instructor and chairman are required for each semester of this year-long thesis.
2.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 940
Independent Study
Independent studies on selected topics are available by arrangement with the instructor and written approval of the graduate adviser, and department chair. Contact the Office of Graduate Studies for the special approval form.
1.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 953
Research Project
The graduate director, the supervisor of the project, and the department chair must approve special research project topics. Conference hours are available by appointment. Contact the Office of Graduate Studies for the special approval form. One course credit.
1.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 954
Thesis Part I
Thesis Part I is an investigation and report on an original research topic. Conference hours are available by appointment. Registration for the thesis will not be considered final without the thesis approval form and the signatures of the thesis adviser, graduate adviser, and department chair. Please refer to the Graduate Studies Catalog for thesis requirements. Contact the Office of Graduate Studies for the special approval form and the thesis writer's packet. Two course credits. (The two course credits are considered pending in Part I of the thesis; they will be awarded with the completion of Part II.)
2.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 955
Thesis Part II
Continuation of History 954. Two course credits.
2.00 units, Independent Study
HIST 956
No Course Description Available.
2.00 units, Independent Study